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New yearВыполнил: Манасян Гамлет7в класс Руководитель: Шадрина Н.Н. МАОУ СОШ №67 г. Екатеринбург, 2014 New year in different countries New year in different countries is celebrated differently. Here it will be shown how to celebrate new year in Italy, South Africa, England, Russia, Japan. Italy In Italy, the New year begins on the sixth of January. According to legends, this night on the magic broom there flies Fairy godmother Befana. She opens the door with a little Golden key, and goes into the room where children sleep, fills with gifts baby stockings, specially hanging from the fireplace. For those who have done poorly at school or misbehaved, Befana leaves a pinch of ash or ember. Italian Santa Claus is Babbo Natale. In Italy it is considered that the New year should begin, freed from old. So on new year's eve it is customary to throw out boxes of old things. Italians really like this custom, and they do it with their passion typical of southerners: out of the window fly old irons, chairs and other stuff. It is believed, the vacant place will be occupied by new things. On new year's buffet Italians are always presented with nuts, lentils and grapes are symbols of longevity, health and well-being. In the Italian province since ancient times there existed such a custom: on January 1, early morning at home, you must bring water from the source. "If you have nothing to give to friends, they say Italians, give water to the olive branch". It is believed that water brings happiness. For Italians it is also important, whom they first meet in the new year. If on January 1 the first who Italians meet is a monk or a priest it is bad. It is also undesirable to meet with a small child, and to meet the hunchback grandfather is fortunate. South Africa In the industrial capital of this state - Johannesburg - residents of one of the blocks traditionally celebrate the New year, throwing out their boxes of various items, from bottles to large furniture. The Police in South Africa have closed the quarter of the Hillbrow for traffic and appealed to residents not to throw out the refrigerators from the Windows on the new year's eve. According to a police spokesman, in connection with the existing tradition, this quarter is considered the most dangerous in the city. England In England it is customary for the New year to play performances for children on subjects of old English fairy tales. Lord Disorder leads a fun carnival procession, which is attended by the fairy-tale characters: Hobby horse, the March hare, Humpty Dumpty, punch, and others. All the new year's eve street vendors sell toys, whistles, tweeter, masks, balloons. It is in England that appeared the custom of exchanging New year greeting cards. The first Christmas card was printed in London in 1843. Before going to sleep, the children put on a plate for gifts that Santa Claus will bring and shoes of hay - a feast for the donkey. Russia New Year is a great holiday in our country. Everybody likes it very much. It is especially loved by little children. People do not go to work on that day, and children do not go to school. This holiday is considered to be a family holiday. It is usually celebrated at home among the members of the family.People decorate their houses and usually have a fire tree which stands in the corner of the room. Those fire trees are very beautiful. The presents are usually put under these trees. Our parents prepare for this holiday well. They buy a New Year tree, decorate it, buy a lot of tasty food and drinks. At twelve o’clock in the night people can see the president on TV who addresses them with traditional words of congratulation. At this time people are sitting at the tables of their holiday dinner and enjoying it in a good company. Young people usually organize a dance party and have a lot of fun. Some of them go out into the streets and the squares. The next day friends usually come to wish a Happy New Year to all the members of the family. Japan Japanese children celebrate the New year in new clothes. This is believed to bring health and good luck in the New year. On New year's eve they hide under a pillow, a picture of a sailboat in which the seven fabulous magicians sail - seven patrons of happiness.Ice palaces and castles, huge snow sculptures of fantastic heroes decorate the New year in the Northern Japanese city.108 bells usher a New year in in Japan. According to an ancient belief, each of the bells "kills" one of the human vices. They are, according to the Japanese, only six (greed, anger, stupidity, irresponsibility, lack of envy). But each of vices there are of18 different shades. In the first seconds of the New year laugh is supposed to bring good luck. For happiness to come into the house, the Japanese decorate it, or rather the front door, put sprigs of bamboo and pine trees - symbols of longevity and loyalty. The pine tree symbolizes longevity, bamboo - loyalty, and plum - love of life.Food on the table is also symbolic: long pasta is a sign of longevity, rice - sufficiency, carp - force, beans - health. Each family cooks Christmas meal mochi balls, cakes, bread made from rice flour.In the morning, when the New year comes, the Japanese go out of their houses into the streets to greet the sunrise. With the first rays they congratulate each other and give gifts.At homes they put branches, decorated with mochi balls, new year tree, moribana.Japanese Santa Claus is called Segato-San - Mr. New year. Favorite Christmas fun for girls is the game of shuttlecock, and the boys in the days of the holiday start a traditional kite.The most popular Christmas accessory is a rake. Every Japanese believes that to have them in the New year is to get happiness. Thank you for your attention.