Составитель: Жукатинская Виктория Александровна, учитель английского языка, г.Липецк, МАОУ лицей №44,2016-2017 учебный год
« Classification of the verbs according to their semantic (nominative) value »
On the upper level, all the verbs according to their semantic (nominative) value (their functional significance) fall into:
notional verbs functional and semi-functional verbs
have full nominative value and are independent in the expression of the process, e.g.: to work, to build, to lie, to love, etc.; these verbs comprise the bulk of the class and constitute an open group of words. make a closed group of verbs of partial nominative value. They are dependent on other words in the denotation of the process, but through their forms the predicative semantics of the sentence is expressed (they function as predicators).
auxiliary functional verbs
link verbs modal verbs
are used to build the analytical grammatical forms of notional verbs, e.g.: have done, was lost, etc. connect the nominative part of the predicate (the predicative) with the subject, express the actual semantics of this connection, i.e. expose the relational aspect of the characteristics ascribed by the predicative to the subject.
denote various subject attitudes to the action, for example, obligation, ability, permission, advisability, etc.: can, must, may, etc.
specifying link verbs
perform a purely predicative-linking function in the sentence; in English there is only one pure link verb to be specify the connections between the subject and its property, cf.: He was pale. – He grew pale. The specification of the connections may be either “perceptional”, e.g.: to seem, to look, to feel, etc., or “factual”, e.g.: to grow, to become, to get, etc.