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самый большой больше большой Превосходная Сравнительная Положительная III II I СТЕПЕНИ СРАВНЕНИЯ : strong strong strong СПОСОБЫ ОБРАЗОВАНИЯ СТЕПЕНЕЙ СРАВНЕНИЯ : СПОСОБположительная сравнительная превосходная strong stronger the strongest Маленькая – меньше – самая маленькая -er; the -est small – smaller – the smallest … e … согласная y i … согласная (ударная гласная) согласная Х 2 ОРФОГРАММЫ : 1. + er / est nice – niceer - the niceest large - larger - the largest2. + er / est i i happy - happyer - the happyest heavy – heavier - the heaviest3. + er / est fat - fatter - the fattest big – bigger – the biggest NB! Буквы w, x – не удваиваются. Form the degrees of comparison of the following words: fine -short – pretty – thin - clever - long - lazy - mad -high -red - new - hot -bright - СЛУЧАИ ИСПОЛЬЗОВАНИЯ 1 способа образования степеней сравнения Односложные : new – newer – the newestДвусложные, оканчивающиеся на e, er, y, ow : narrow – narrower – the narrowest3. Трехсложные, оканчивающиеся на e : polite – politer – the politest4. Исключения : common – commoner – the commonest quiet – quieter – the quietestNB! Наречия, оканчивающиеся на – ly, образуют степени сравнения по второму способу, за исключением слова early. Adj Adj Adj СПОСОБЫ ОБРАЗОВАНИЯ СТЕПЕНЕЙСРАВНЕНИЯ СПОСОБ : 1 2 3 beautiful more beautiful the most beautiful dangerous more dangerous the most dangerous Form the degrees of comparison of the following words: 1. sharp – 2. dirty -3. cold – 4. cheap -5. difficult – 6. comfortable -7. gay – 8. busy -9. wet -10. famous -11. deep - 12. severe -13. ripe -14. interesting -15. brave - ИСКЛЮЧЕНИЯ good – better – the best This house is good. This house is better than that. This house is the best of the three. bad – worse – the worst The first house is … .The second house is … than the first one.The third house is … of the three. little – less – the least There is little light in this room. There is less light in this room. There is the least light in this room. much - more - the mostmany There are many apples on the plate. There are more apples in the basket. There are the most apples in the box. far – farther – the farthest further - the furthest This church is far. This church is even farther. This church is the farthest of all. NB! Read further, please! old – older – the oldest elder - the eldest (in the family) This portrait is old. This is my elder sister. This portrait is even older. This portrait is the oldest. Form the degrees of comparison of the following words: merry –bad –magnificent –many –greedy –wide –hard –useful –good – little – small –fortunate –common –slowly –far –mad – Adj Adj as as - такой же … как William Hogarth is as famous as sir Joshua Reynolds. not so (as) as - не такой … как Lilla Cabot Perry is not so popular as Pablo Picasso. Fill in the missing words: I am older __________ Tom.2. This book is ______ most interesting _______ all.3. New York is not ______ ancient _____ Rome.4. He is ______ cleverest ______ the class.5. It was not ______ bad yesterday ______ it is today.6. Is the Volga longer _______ the Nile?7. Today’s weather is ______ worst ______ the week.8. Fred is ______ tallest _______ the three.9. This hotel is _______ comfortable ______ that.10. My dog is better _______ yours. Put the adjectives in brackets into the correct form: The weather is (fine) ____________ today than it was yesterday. 2. London is one of the (big) _______________ city in the world. 3. This sentence is (difficult) ___________________ than the first one. 4. This dictation is not so (easy) ____________ as the last one. 5. Which is the (high) _______________ mountain in the world? 6. His face was getting (red) ____________ and (red) ____________ . 7. This present is the (good) __________________ of all. 8. Your composition was the (bad) ________________ in the class. 9. The cat will be much (happy) _______________ in her new home. 10. I am not so (tall ) _____________ as Jimmy. 11. Athens is (far) ___________ from London than Rome is. 12. This film is as (interesting) _____________ as the one we saw last week. 13. They have (many) _________ hens than we have, but they get (few) ______eggs.