План-конспект урока по английскому языку «Borodino: the 200th Anniversary»


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Borodino: the 200th Anniversary to sustain: to cause or allow something to continue for a period of timea victory: when you win a fight or competitionto destroy: to damage something so badly that it does not exist or cannot be usedcasualty: someone who is injured or killed in an accident or wara competition: an organized event in which people try to win a prize by being the best, fastest, etc.to command: to control over someone or something and responsibility for thema battlefield: a place where a battle is being fought or has been fought in the pastinvincible: if someone or something is invincible, it is impossible to defeat or destroy themexhausted: very tireda defense: the weapons and military forces that a country uses to protect itself against attack This is the main monument to Russian soldiers, heroes of the Battle of Borodino, at the Rayevsky Battery. The monument’s cornerstone was laid in August 1837, on the 25th anniversary of the Battle of Borodino, by Tsesarevich (Crown Prince) Alexander, the future Russian Emperor Alexander II. This was the first monument to be built on the Borodino Field. Demolished in 1932, the monument was rebuilt in 1987. The monument’s height including the cross is 27.5 meters. Its sides contain data on the strength of the Russian Army and Napoleon’s Grande Armee on the day of the battle. A monument to Field Marshal Mikhail Golenishchev-Kutuzov, Commander in Chief of the First and Second Russian Armies, can be seen at the approaches to the Borodino Field. Kutuzov commanded the Russian forces from this location during the Battle of Borodino. A phrase from Kutuzov’s report to Emperor Alexander I on the battle’s results, “The enemy has been repulsed everywhere,” is engraved below the bas-relief. With the construction of the Moscow–Smolensk-Brest rail line in the 1860s and the 1870s, Borodino station became the gateway to Borodino Field. A museum dedicated to the 1812 Patriotic War was established inside the railway-station building on the 90th anniversary of the Battle of Borodino in 1902. The station building was reconstructed in 2002 prior to the 190th anniversary of the Battle of Borodino. An exhibition called “The Borodino Field: Its Past and Present” was opened in one of its halls dedicated to the Museum of 1812 Memorial and tomb of Captain A.G. Ogarev (1785-1812) of the Life Guards of Finland Regiment, mortally wounded at Borodino. Originally buried at the village of Staroye Selo and moved to this spot in 1964. The view beyond is to the west and the French attack. The Regimental monument is adjacent. This monument to the Russian Imperial Guard’s Artillery Brigade was unveiled in 1912 in commemoration of the 100th anniversary of the Battle of Borodino.Monument to the Volinskom Infantry Regiment, on the north edge of Semenovskaya village. Monument to the Horse Artillery, on the line south from Rayevskiy Redoubt towards Semenovskaya Village.Memorial to the 12th Infantry Division of General I.V. Vasil'chikov, on the line from the Rayevskiy Redoubt to the village of Semenovskaya.http://www.tea4er.ru/ General Piotr Bagration was called by his contemporaties "the god of the batle". During 30 years of his military service Prince Bagration took part in 20 campaigns and 150 battles. At the battle of Borodino he commanded the left flank which met the first blow from the enemy. The French twice took control of the earthen fortifications, Bagration's flèches, and twice were driven away. During one of these attacks General Bagration raised his troops to the counter-attack and at that moment was mortally wounded.
General Nikolai Nikolaevich Raevsky was a talented and brave military commander. During the Borodino battle Raevsky’s corps defended the Kurgan Heights located at the center of the positions occupied by the Russian troops. Here 18 weapons from the battery later named for Raevsky were set up. This was the battery that repelled all the attacks of the French.
General Alexei Yermolov was an outstanding military figure and one of the most popular people of his time. During the Patriotic War of 1812 Yermolov participated in all major battles. In the heat of the battle of Borodino, Kutuzov sent him to the left flank, to the Second Army, where General Bagration was heavily wounded, and Yermolov managed to overcome the disarray in the ranks of the troops.
Denis Davydov was the originator and one of the leaders of the partisan movement. Denis Davydov's military talents were highly esteemed by Kutuzov and Bagration, while he was also known as a gifted poet.
Don’t forget our history because people who don’t remember the past haven’t the future.


Текст аудиозаписи
Russian and French armies sustained heavy losses during the Battle of Borodino. The fighting cost Napoleon more than 50.000 casualties, or 43 percent of the personnel, while the Russians suffered around 44.000 casualties, or 36 percent of the personnel. The French army’s death toll included about 16.000 cavalrymen and 47 generals.
Neither Russia nor France managed to benefit from the Battle of Borodino which Napoleon hoped will help him destroy the Russian army and obtain a free access to Moscow. He also hoped that he will be able to make Russia surrender and sign a peace treaty with France, something that never saw the light of day.
As for Kutuzov, he failed to stop the enemy from advancing to Moscow and force it to withdraw its troops from Russia. Referring to what they describe as a stalemate result, some experts insist that the Battle of Borodino brought neither win nor defeat to both sides. Others say that these perfunctory speculations hold no water.
As a mater of fact, the Battle of Borodino reflected the crisis of a decisive-battle strategy which had repeatedly been touted by the French Emperor. It was the Battle of Borodino which saw the collapse of Napoleon’s theory on achieving victory in one decisive battle, a theory that turned into something of a ‘formula of victory.’ In his memoirs, Napoleon said, in particular, that “in total, my army has taken part in 50 battles. In the Battle of Borodino, my soldiers fought as bravely as never before – but had as little success as never before. During the battle, the Russians fully deserved to be called invincible.”
As for the aftermath of the battle, it is necessary to underscore at least three points. First and foremost, Napoleon failed to wipe out the Russian army and obtain a free access to Moscow. Second, the Russian army managed to destroy almost half of the enemy’s troops. And third, the French army never restored its morale which was significantly undermined during the Battle of Borodino. This was not the case with Russian soldiers who became stronger in their understanding of an imminent collapse of Napoleon’s army in the wake of the Battle of Borodino. Despite the French Emperor’s persistent attempts to tout the Battle of Borodino as his army’s victory, many in France and other European countries realized that this self-proclaimed ‘victory’ became the beginning of the catastrophe for Napoleon and his Grand Army.
The Battle of Borodino saw something of a competition between two outstanding military commanders, namely, Napoleon and Kutuzov. An unbiased analysis of the Battle of Borodino shows that during the fighting, both Napoleon and Kutuzov displayed colossal energy and ability to command the troops on battlefield. During the battle, the Russian army under the command of Kutuzov contained an army that had been believed to be invincible for more than ten years. It was the army headed by great military commander Napoleon.
The Battle of Borodino was of paramount importance to the 1812 Patriotic War. However, it would be a mistake to consider the battle a turning point in the war which was far from being over. Given the situation that took shape right after the battle and considering eyewitnesses’ opinions, one can clearly see the Russian command’s determination to complete the destruction of the enemy by launching a counteroffensive which could help drive French forces out of Russia.
An experienced commander, Kutuzov knew full well that exhausted Russian troops will unlikely be able to resolve such a tricky task. This is why he subsequently focused on efforts to provide his army with fresh reinforcements, ammunition, food and fodder.
Regrettably, Kutuzov’s calls to shore up the army fell on deaf ears of Russian Emperor Alexander I and the country’s Military Ministry officials who refused to take any effective steps to support the troops.
As for the turning point in the 1812 Patriotic War, it stipulated a qualitative change in the very nature of hostilities and it also envisaged the Russian army shifting from defense to offense. This, however, never took place due to the above-mentioned reasons. In the long run, Kutuzov had to deploy his army closer to Moscow which was then taken by French forces, something that will be a topic of our next programs.

Автор материала:
Учитель английского языка
Лобанова Светлана Игоревна
Место работы: МАОУ СОШ № 36 г. Тамбов
2014 г.

План конспект урока по английскому языку
«Borodino: the 200 th Anniversary»

Тема: « Borodino: the 200th Anniversary »
Класс: 8
Цель:
развитие познавательной и коммуникативной деятельности учащихся.
Задачи:
- расширить знания учащихся по теме «Бородинская битва»;
- тренировать в употреблении в речи и в понимании лексики по затронутой теме;
- воспитывать патриотическое отношение к Родине.
Оборудование: компьютер или ноутбук, интерактивная доска, проектор.

План урока.

I. Начало урока (приветствие; сообщение темы урока).
II. Центральная часть урока:
1). Раскрытие значений слов (используется дефиниция);
2). Получение информации о битве (аудирование);
3) . Задания на проверку понимания прослушанного. 4). Беседа по тексту.
III). Подведение итогов, получение домашнего задания. Оценивание деятельности учащихся на уроке, выставление отметок.


Ход урока.

1. Организационный момент. Введение в тему.
Teacher: Good morning, pupils! I’m glad to see you.
Pupils: We are glad to see you too.
T: I would like to start our lesson with this song (Прослушивание песни «Бородино»). What event is described in this song?
P: Borodino battle.
T: You are ri
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· 2)
1. Now, please, listen to the tape and be attentive. Try to remember as many facts as possible. (Учащиеся прослушивают аудиозапись).
I hope you are attentive and can complete the sentences. (Выполняют устный тест на проверку понимания прослушанного).
1). The fighting cost Napoleon more than
a) 20.000 casualties
b) 50.000 casualties
c) 100.000 casualties
2). Napoleon hoped
a) that he will be able to make Russia surrender and sign a peace treaty with Germany.
b) that the Russian army had to re
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·ov the enemy from advancing to Moscow and force it to withdraw its troops from Russia.
a) could stop
b) managed to stop
c) failed to stop

Keys: 1-b; 2- c; 3 - b; 4 - b 5 - b; 6 - с.

3. T: Now let’s discuss the text. What was the Battle of Borodino?
P (Предполагаемый ответ): The battle of Borodino occured September 7th, 1812 near the Russian village of Borodino between the armies of Imperial France and Russia. The battle was a part of the French invasion of Russia and was the only real confro
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· (Предполагаемый ответ): Napoleon Bonaparte was attempting to invade Russia to make Russia surrender and sign a peace treaty with France.

T: Who won the battle of Borodino?
P (Предполагаемый ответ): Neither Russia nor France managed to benefit from the Bat
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P(Предполагаемый ответ): The greatest battle in the war of 1812 when Napoleon invaded Russia took place near the village of Borodino Sept. 7th 1812 and resulted in defeat for the French and still classed as a very great victory by the Russian people. Napoleon was thrown back and out of Russia comletely.

4. T: The valour and heroic deeds of Borodino fighting men is not forgotten for generations to come. There are several monuments dedicated to the glory of Russia. Look at the screen. (Слайд 3 - 8)
T: Who w
·ere these heroes? What do we know about them? Look at the screen and say. (Учащиеся смотрят на изображение и говорят, что они знают о полководце. Учитель по щелчку мыши выводит информацию на экран) (Слайд 9 - 12)

III. Окончание урока.
Open your diaries and write down your home task. Your hometask will be to write a report about your attitude to Borodino Battle.
Our lesson is over. Thank you for your work and our sincere conversation. I hope it wasn’t useless. Don’t forget our history because people who don’t remember the past haven’t the future.

Интернет-ресурсы:

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