6 Form (Final)
Read the text and write which statements after the text are true and which
of them are false.
The first people in Australia were the Aborigines, who came more than 40 000 years ago. Chinese sailors visited it 2500 years ago, and much later Dutch sailors came. Then in 1770 the British sailor Captain James Cook landed on the east coast, and said that Australia now belonged to Britain. Of course, nobody asked the Aborigines about this – it was the beginning of a terrible time for them. Britain soon began to send convicts (заключенные) to the new country. In May 1787, eleven ships left England for Australia carrying 772 convicts. They reached the place which is now Sydney in January 1788. Life was very difficult, and the convicts had to work very hard, making roads, buildings and farms.
In 1851 gold was found in New South Wales and Victoria. Thousands of people went looking for gold – first Australians, then people from North America, Britain, New Zealand and China. In ten years the population grew from 400 000 to 1 200 000. With the gold came new roads and railways and growing cities. On the fist of January 1901 the six Australians states became one country. Britain was still very important to Australia; many people left Britain for a new life in Australia, but they called Britain “home”.
But after 1945 people from other European countries, like Italy, Greece, Germany and Holland, began coming to Australia. Since 1945 more than three million people have moved there, and recently people from countries like Vietnam and Cambodia have moved there too.
Now Australia sees its future with countries of the east and the Pacific – Japan, the United States, New Zealand for example – instead of Britain.
№1 . Statements:
Chinese sailors were the first people who came to Australia 250 years ago.
James Cook was a Dutch.
The first European colonists in Australia were British convicts.
The Australian population became considerable (значительно) in number because gold had been found in Australia.
At the beginning of the 20th century Australian states united into one country.
In the 20th century only people from European countries came to Australia.
№2. What are these numerous mean? Write, please.