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LONDON FULL STEAM AHEAD FOR THE TRIP OF A LIFETIME! London is the capital city of England and of the United Kingdom situated on the Thames river, the largest city in Britain and one of the largest cities in the world. LONDON HISTORY London began on two small patches of dry land in the middle of a marsh on the north bank of the Thames. That was before the Romans came. In Roman times it was named Londinium, and was already a centre of trade. Today London covers a vast area, with millions of inhabitants. CITY OF LONDON Actually there are several London. First, there is the City of London. It is an area of one square mile running along the Thames Embankment from about Waterloo Bridge to Tower Bridge. It is the financial and business centre of Great Britain. About half a million people work there during the day. At night it is almost deserted. THE COUNTRY OF LONDON Then there is the Country of London. It is composed of about thirty boroughs in addition to the City. GREATER LONDON Finally there is Greater London which includes inner London and the suburbs. It forms a kind of circle with a radius from fifteen to twenty miles. THE WORLD LAGEST PORT The existence of London depended on its water-born trade which still makes London one of the world’s largest ports. Historical and geographical circumstances have turned London into one of the world’s most important commercial and cultural centre. LONDON AS A CULTURAL CENTRE London-There is the West End, a fashionable shopping and entertainment centre, where, mostly, well-to-do people live. -There is Mayfair stretching from the West End along Park Lane to Marble Arch. don has many different faces. -There are Houses of Parliament built on the banks of the Thames at Westminster. -Common people reside in the East End. This is a vast area running eastward from the City. GLOSSARY • patch – зд. клочок• marsh – болото• to cover – покрывать• vast - обширный• inhabitant - житель• to be deserted – быть покинутым, пустынным• boroughs - городки• in addition – кроме того• to include - включать• suburbs - предместье• fashionable - фешенебельный• well-to-do - зажиточный• to stretch - простираться• to reside - проживать That’s all! Thanks for attention! Казарян Роман7 класс «А»