МЕТОДИЧЕСКАЯ РАЗРАБОТКА по английскому языку по теме «МАГАЗИНЫ, ТОВАРЫ, СОВЕРШЕНИЕ ПОКУПОК» с изучением вопросительных и условных предложений.


МИНИСТЕРСТВО ОБРАЗОВАНИЯ И НАУКИ МУРМАНСКОЙ ОБЛАСТИ
ГОСУДАРСТВЕННОЕ АВТОНОМНОЕ ПРОФЕССИОНАЛЬНОЕ ОБРАЗОВАТЕЛЬНОЕ УЧРЕЖДЕНИЕ МУРМАНСКОЙ ОБЛАСТИ
«КАНДАЛАКШСКИЙ ИНДУСТРИАЛЬНЫЙ КОЛЛЕДЖ»
(ГАПОУ МО «КИК»)
МЕТОДИЧЕСКАЯ РАЗРАБОТКА
по английскому языку по теме
«МАГАЗИНЫ, ТОВАРЫ, СОВЕРШЕНИЕ ПОКУПОК»
с изучением вопросительных и условных предложений.
г.Кандалакша2016 г.
Разработано с учетом Федерального государственного образовательного стандарта среднего профессионального образования.
Разработчик: Храмцова Тамара Владимировна, преподаватель ГАПОУ МО «Кандалакшский индустриальный колледж».
Пояснительная записка
Данная методическая разработка предназначена для студентов первого и второго курсов учреждений НПО и СПО.
Целью изучения данного модуля является формирование коммуникативной компетенции, позволяющей свободно общаться на английском языке в различных формах и на различные темы, с учетом приобретенного словарного запаса, а также условий, мотивов и целей общения;
В результате освоения данногомодуля обучающийся должен знать:
1. значения новых лексических единиц, связанных с тематикой «Магазины и покупки» и с соответствующими ситуациями общения;
2. языковой материал: идиоматические выражения, оценочную лексику, единицы речевого этикета;
3. средства и способы построения вопросительных предложений, а также вопросительные слова английского языка;
4. способы выражения вежливой просьбы и предложения посредством вопроса.
5. грамматические средства и способы выражения реальности совершения действия, а также условия совершения этого действия (строить условные предложения всех типов);
В результате освоения учебной дисциплины обучающийся должен уметь:
Говорение:
1. вести диалог (диалог–расспрос, диалог–обмен мнениями/суждениями, диалог–побуждение к действию, этикетный диалог и их комбинации), используя аргументацию, эмоционально-оценочные средства;
2. рассказывать, рассуждать в связи с изученной тематикой, проблематикой прочитанных/прослушанных текстов; описывать события, излагать факты, делать сообщения;
Аудирование:
4. понимать относительно полно (общий смысл) высказывания на изучаемом иностранном языке в различных ситуациях общения;
5. понимать основное содержание аутентичных аудио- или видеотекстов, выборочно извлекать из них необходимую информацию.
Чтение:
6. читать тексты, используя основные виды чтения (ознакомительное, изучающее, просмотровое/поисковое) в зависимости от коммуникативной задачи.
Письменная речь:
6. описывать явления, события, излагать факты в письме;
7. использовать приобретенные знания и умения в практической и профессиональной деятельности, повседневной жизни.
Lesson 1. Questions.Общие вопросы. General Questions
Задаются с целью получить подтверждение или отрицание высказанной мысли и требуют ответа да или нет. Они начинаются с вспомогательного или модального глагола.
Do you speak English well? Вы хорошо говорите по-английски?
Can you translate this article without a dictionary? Можете ли вы перевести эту статью без словаря?
Put questions to the sentences.
His family like to do their shopping.
You can buy vegetables in the greengrocer’s.
She is looking for some fashionable shoes.
In the supermarket one can buy many different things.
He wants to buy some comfortable clothes.
This dress is out of fashion.
The skirt is too tight.
The trousers are too long.
They often went to the bakery together.
The vegetables were too expensive.
Отрицательная форма общих вопросов.
Отрицательная форма общих вопросов образуется при помощи частицы not, которая ставится после подлежащего перед смысловым глаголом. Общие вопросы в отрицательной форме выражают удивление и соответствуют в русском языке вопросам, начинающимися с разве? или неужели?
Don’t you know him?
Haven’t you seen him?
Mustn’t you go there tonight? Разве (неужели) вы его не знаете?
Разве (неужели) вы его не видели?
Разве (неужели) вы не должны пойти туда сегодня вечером?
Put the questions in the negative form and translate into Russian.
Do you know about it?
Has he told you about it?
Can he speak German?
Have you read this book?
Do you go to the college on foot?
Write negative questions from the words in brackets. In each situation you are surprised.
A: We won’t see Liz this evening.
B: Why not? (she/not/come/to the party?) Isn’t she coming to the party?
A: I hope we don’t meet David tonight.
B: Why? (you/not/like/him)
A: Don’t go and see that film.
B: Why not? (it/not/good)
A: I’ll have to borrow some money.
B: Why? (you/not/have/any)
1.6. Специальные вопросы. Special Questions.Вопрос, который относится к какому-либо члену предложения и задается с целью получения новой информации, называется специальным вопросом. Он начинается с вопросительного слова.
who – кто, кого, кому Who is that tall man? Who do you see there?
what – что, какой What is in his hands?
What colour are your eyes?
whose – чей Whose pen is it?
whom – кого, кому Who(m) do you phone all the time?
which – который (из нескольких) Which stop is yours?
when – когда When is the shop opened?
where – где, куда Where do you live?
Where are you going to?
how – как, каким образом How do I get there?
why – почему Why is this dress so expensive?
how much – сколько How much is the cheese?
(с неисчисляемыми существительными)
how many – сколько How many pairs of shoes have you bought?
(с исчисляемыми существительными)
how long – как долго How long does it take you to get to the shopping mall?
how often – как часто How often do you go to the restaurant?
Порядок слов в специальных вопросах обратный, за исключением вопросов к подлежащему.
Обратите внимание, что вопросительное слово what имеет два значения: какой и что.
What subject do you like best? Какой предмет твой самый любимый?
What is your favourite subject? Какой твой любимый предмет?
What do you know about this picture? Что вы знаете об этой картине?
Fill in the gaps with question words.
1. …. type of music do you prefer: pop, rock, hip hop or heavy metal?
2. …. is your favourite actor or actress?
3. …. do your pen friends live?
4. …. do your parents have holidays?
5. … do you usually spend your weekends?
6. … flowers does your girlfriend like?
7. … questions does this questionnaire have?
8. …. nickname is “Twiggy”.
9. .…snow falls in Finland?
Отрицательная форма специальных вопросов.
В специальных вопросах отрицательная частица not ставится после вспомогательного или модального глагола.
Why didn’t you come yesterday?
What doesn’t he understand?
Who hasn’t seen this film yet?
Who doesn’t know this rule? Почему вы не пришли вчера?
Чего он не понимает?
Кто еще не видел этого фильма?
Кто не знает этого правила?
Put the questions in the negative form and translate into Russian.
1. Who will come to the lecture today?
2. Which of you knows the way to the shopping mall?
3. What do you like to eat in the morning?
4. How many of you can speak English fluently?
5. Who has learnt the poem by heart?
1.10. Расчлененные вопросы. Disjunctive Questions.Расчлененный вопрос представляет собой утвердительное или отрицательное повествовательное предложение, к которому присоединен краткий общий вопрос, состоящий из соответствующего местоимения и того вспомогательного или модального глагола, который входит в состав сказуемого повествовательного предложения.
Расчлененные вопросы задаются в том случае, когда говорящий желает получить подтверждение высказывания, содержащегося в повествовательном предложении. Краткий общий вопрос соответствует в русском языке словам не правда ли? не так ли? да?
She is very busy, isn’t she?
She isn’t very busy, is she?
You speak French, don’t you?
He hasn’t returned from Moscow yet, has he?
Она очень занята, не правда ли?
Она не очень занята, не правда ли?
Вы говорите по-французски, не правда ли?
Он еще не вернулся из Москвы, не правда ли?
. Complete the questions.
She looks like you, …?It isn’t cold today, … ?You saw him at the club yesterday, …?They won’t come today, …?You haven’t bought your ticket yet, …?You play chess, …?You will travel by train, …?He can’t speak French, …?She ought to go there at once, …?They are not in the town, …?We shall see you tomorrow, …?You don’t know her, …?1.12 Альтернативные вопросы.Alternative Questions.
Альтернативный вопрос представляет собой два общих или специальных вопроса, соединенных союзом or.
Did you spend your holidays in the Crimea or in the Caucasus?
What do you like tea or coffee?
Is he sleeping or working? Вы провели отпуск в Крыму или на Кавказе?
Что Вы любите чай или кофе?
Он спит или работает?
1.13. Translate from Russian into English.
Что ты купил: соль или сахар?
Где ты купил сыр: на рынке или в супермаркете?
Что ты предпочитаешь: мясо или рыбу?
Куда вы сегодня идете: в кино или в театр?
Какой стиль музыки ты любишь: рок или хип-хоп?
Lesson 2. Вопросительные предложения как формулы вежливости.
Для выражения вежливой просьбы используются модальные глаголы сan/could или will/would (реже)
Например:
Can you wait a moment, please?
Could you tell me how to get to the airport?
Will you do me a favour?
Would you please be quiet? I’m trying to concentrate.
1.2. Если вы просите передать/продать/отдать что-либо или о разрешении совершить
какое-либо действие, используйте модальные глаголы can, could или may.
Например:
Hello, can I speak to Steve, please?
Could I have these postcards, please?
May I come in?
1.3. Предлагая свою помощь, используйте модальный глагол can.
Например:
1. Can I get you a cup of coffee?
2. Can I help you?
1.4. Предлагая что-либо кому-либо или приглашая кого-либо куда-либо, используйте
Would you like …?
Например:
Would you like a cup of coffee?
Would you like to come to dinner tomorrow evening?
Read the situations and write questions beginning Can … or Could …
You are carrying a lot of things. You can’t open the door yourself. There’s a man standing near the door. You say to him: Could you open the door please?
You phone Sue, but somebody else answers. Sue isn’t here. You want to leave a message for her. You say: ___________________________________________________
You’re a tourist. You want to go to the station, but you don’t know how to get there. You ask at your hotel: ________________________________________________________
You are at a clothes shop. You see some trousers you like and you want to try them on. You say to the shop assistant: ______________________________________________
You have a car. You have to go the same way as Steve, who is on foot. You offer him a lift. You say to him:______________________________________________________
What would you say in these situations?
Paul has come to see you in your flat. You offer him something to eat.
You: Would you like something to eat?
Paul: No, thank you. I’ve just eaten.
You need help to change the film in your camera. You ask Kate.
You: I don’t know how to change the film. _____________________________?
Kate: Sure, It’s easy. All you have to do is this.
You are on a bus. You have a seat, but an elderly man is standing. You offer him your seat.
You: _____________________________________________________________?
Man: Oh, that’s very kind of you. Thank you very much.
You are the passenger in a car. Your friend is driving very fast. You ask her to slow down.
You: You’re making me very nervous.__________________________________?
Driver: Oh, I’m sorry. I didn’t realize I was going so fast.
You’ve finished your meal in a restaurant and now you want the bill. You ask the waiter:
You: __________________________________________________________________?
Waiter: Right. I’ll get it for you know.
A friend of yours is interested in one of your books. You invite him to borrow it.
Friend: This looks very interesting.
You: Yes, it’s a good book.________________________________________________?
Lesson 3. In the supermarket. Study the vocabulary
aisle-ряд( в универсаме)
bakery-булочная
beef-говядина
bilberry-черника
biscuit-печенье
buckwheat-гречневая крупа
bun-булочка(особ.сладкая)
butcher’s-мясной магазин
candystore-кондитерская
cashier’s desk-касса
cereal-крупаchange-сдачаchoice-выборconfectionary-кондитерскаяcounter-прилавокcranberry-клюкваcurds-творогcurrant-смородинаcustomer-покупатель
dairy products-молочные продукты
fishmonger’s-рыбный магазин
flour-мука
food basket-корзина для продуктов
food stuffs-продукты питания
game-дичь
gooseberry-крыжовник
greengrocer’s-овощной магазин
semolina-манная крупа
shoppingcart-тележка для покупок
smartshopper-разборчивый покупатель
smoked-копчёный
sourcream-сметана
strawberry-клубника
tangerine-мандарин
to cater for-снабжать
to earn-зарабатывать
to get in line-вставать в очередь
grocerystore-бакалейно-гастрономический магазин
ham-ветчина
household goods-хозяйственные товары
item-изделие,предмет,товар
juicy-сочный
label-этикетка
lean-постный(о мясе)
liquor store-винныймагазинliver paste-паштет
macaroni-макароны
margarine-маргарин
marmalade-цитрусовыйджемmayonnaise-майонез
mutton-баранина
noodle-лапша
oatmeal-овсяныехлопьяpastry-выпечка
pear-груша
perishable-скоропортящийся
pork-свинина
poultry-птица
puff-слойка
raspberry-малина
roll-булочка
rusk-сухарь
rye-ржаной
to look attracting-выглядеть привлекательно
to look for bargains-следить за скидками на цены
to pick out-выбиратьto save-экономитьvariety-разнообразиеveal-телятинаvermicelli-вермишельwafer-вафля wheat-пшеничныйRead and translate the text.
In the Supermarket.There are many kinds of shops catering for needs of the population. You can go shopping to small food stores: the grocery store, liquor store, store of dairy products, butcher's, bakery, greengrocer's, fishmonger's, confectionery, candy store.
But I prefer’ to shop in large stores — supermarkets. It is a wonderful trip. Supermarkets sell more than just food. Many sell items for the car, household goods, cosmetics and cigarettes. Some even sell books, medicines and flowers.
A large modern supermarket has been opened recently not far from my block of flats and most often I go shopping there. I am its regular customer now.
When you come into the supermarket, you have to take a food basket or a shopping cart to put all the products you buy.
All the necessary foodstuffs can be bought here: meat, fish, milk, grocery, baked items, sweets, cooked sausages, smoked foods, vegetables and fruit. In the meat aisle the customers can buy beef, pork, mutton, veal, poultry and game. There is always a rich choice of fish there.
In the grocery aisle you can see all kinds of cereals: oatmeal, semolina, rice, buckwheat. You can buy cooking soda, spices, flour, salt, oil, macaroni, vermicelli and some other products. Everything is sold in ready packets.
You go to the dairy counter to buy milk products. There is always a wide choice of them: milk in bottles and packets, cream, kefir, sour cream, cheese, curds, cottage cheese, cream cheese, many kinds of yogurt, mayonnaise, margarine and butter. Most often eggs are sold in the dairy department too.
At the bread counter you take loaves of brown (rye) or white (wheat) bread, rusks, rolls and buns.
There is a big choice of items in the confectionery: sugar, granulated sugar, caramel, sweets, chocolates, bars of chocolate, biscuits, fruit cakes, marmalade and also tea, coffee, cocoa.
Next to it is the delicatessen counter (deli) which offers you all kinds of sausages: boiled, half-smoked and smoked, liver paste, ham, lean boiled pork with spices (buzhenina), tinned beef and pork.
The green grocery and fruit aisles look very attracting. Here you can buy fresh, tinned and dried vegetables, fruit and greens. Juicy pears, apples, plums, grapes, oranges, tangerines, bananas, lemons and pineapples are sold in every season. In spring and summer the shop has a great variety of berries: strawberries, cherries, raspberries, black and red currants, gooseberries.
After buying all the necessary products, you come up to the cashier's desk to pay the money. Sometimes there are a lot of customers in the shop and you have to get in line, but most often it doesn't take much time.
If you are a smart shopper, you compare prices, pick out foodstuffs, always look at the date on the labels of perishable foods, check the change and look for bargains. As the English say, "A penny saved is a penny earned."
Lesson 4. Buying Food.Find the Russian equivalents to the following words:
shops catering for needs of the population, regular customer, to put all the products you buy, tinned fish, all kinds of cereals, ready packets, a big choice of items, all year round, it doesn’t take much time, to compare prices.

Answer the questions:
1. Which is preferable for you — to buy food in a big supermarket or in small shops? Why?
2. Is the shop where you prefer to buy food close to your block of flats or far from it?
3. What is your favourite supermarket?
4. Are the foodstuffs expensive or cheap there?
5. Do you pay attention to the price of the foodstuffs?
6. How do you make choice when buying food?
7. Do you pay attention to the brand name when you buy food?
8. Do you buy at once or look around for lower prices?
9. How often do you go shopping?
10. Do you often buy expensive products?
11. What kind of products are those?
12. When does it happen?
13. How do you pay — in cash, by checks or by credit card?
Study the vocabulary,listen to the dialogues and be ready to answer the questions:
Vocabulary:
loyalty card – карта скидокdiscount – скидкаpurchase – покупка
redeem – возвращать, получать обратно
Dialogue 1.Asking About a Specific Counter:
What does the man want to buy?
Is he looking for some specific brand?
Where is it situated?
Dialogue 2.Checking If Credit Cards Are Accepted.Does the shop accept credit cards? From which banks?
Dialogue 3.Asking for a Discount.
What discount does the loyalty card give?
Is it possible to get more than one discount at the same time?
What advantage does provide the loyalty card?
Dialogue 4.Asking For Help While Buying.
1.What does the man want to buy?
2. Is he looking for some specific brand?
3.Where is it situated?
Lesson 5. Buying clothes.Study the vocabulary and learn the words. Read and translate the dialogue.
Vocabulary:
fit – быть впору, быть в самый раз, подходить
velour –велюр
felt –фетр
of superior quality –высшегокачества
to try smth on – примерить что-либо
this will do –это подойдет
brim –поля (шляпы)
to be to one’s taste –быть в чьем-либо вкусе
crown – тулья (шляпы) fashionable –модный
unfashionable –немодный
band –тесьма
narrow –узкий
tocharge – назначать, запрашивать цену
alteration – изменение, переделка
improvement – улучшение
all in all – в общем; всёDialogue 1
Customer: Have you a hat that will fit me, sir?
Salesman: Velour or felt, black or grey?
Customer: A grey felt, if not too expensive. What is the price of a good felt hat?
Salesman: Here is one of superior quality for one hundred euro.
Customer: Let me try it on. It is too small.
Salesman: Let’s try another. This will do very well, I am sure.
Customer: I do not like the shape. Hats with so wide a brim are not to my taste; besides the
crown is too high.
Salesman: Excuse me, sir. Hats with narrow brims and low crowns are quite unfashionable
now.
Customer: Well, then I must take it, but the band is too narrow; can’t you change it?
Salesman: Yes, we can, but you will be charged five euro extra for this kind of alteration, sir.
Customer: Never mind. How long do I have to wait?
Salesman: Oh, it’ll be done in 10-15 minutes.
Customer: Very good. I’ll go over to the shoe department in the meantime. Which way am I
to go?
Salesman: It’s on the second floor to your right, sir.
(After some time the customer comes back).
Salesman: Here is your hat, sir. Would you like to see how it looks now?
Customer: Yes, please. Ah! That’s a great improvement. What is the price all in all?
Salesman: One hundred and five euro, sir.
Study the vocabulary and learn the words. Read and translate the dialogue.
Vocabulary:
kid – лайка (кожа)
suede – замша totakeone’smeasure – снимать мерки с кого-либо
tomatch –подходить, соответствовать (под пару; по цвету, форме)
to wrap smth up – обёртывать что-либо
Dialogue 2
Salesman: What can I do for you, young lady?
Customer: Will you, please, show me some gloves? I should like grey ones.
Salesman: What kind of gloves would you like? Kid gloves or suede?Customer: Kid gloves, please.
Salesman: What size do you wear?
Customer: Really, I don’t know. I’d like to try them on.
Salesman: Sorry, but it is not allowed to try gloves on. May I take your measure?
Customer: Sure.
Salesman: Your size is number 7. Here are gloves of that size. They are of the best quality.
Customer: They are, indeed. What’s the price?
Salesman: Four thousand roubles.
Customer: That’s too expensive. Can you show me cheaper ones?
Salesman: Oh, yes. Do you like these?
Customer: They are not bad. And they match my coat perfectly! How much are they?
Salesman: Two thousand roubles. We have still cheaper ones, but they are not so good.
Customer: I’ll take them. No, you need not wrap them up. I’ll put them on.
Comment on the usage of modal verbs in polite questions:
Will you, please, show me some gloves?
What kind of gloves would you like?
May I take your measure?
Can you show me cheaper ones?
Compare:
to suit
1 .бытьподходящим, устраивать
Does this time suit you?
Where can I find a good laptop to suit my needs?
2.идти, бытьклицу, украшать
Her dress suits her perfectly.
to fit – соответствоватьпоразмеру
These shoes don’t fit me, they are too small.
The shoes don’t fit her.
to match – хорошо сочетаться, подходить
She wore a scarf with gloves to match.
These curtains don’t match your furniture.
They are a good match. – Они хорошая пара.to go with – гармонировать, сопутствовать
That hat doesn’t go with this suit.
I bought a dress and a hat to go with it.
Fill in the gaps. Choose from the list below.
to fit, to suit, to match, to go with
1. This shirt doesn’t … me. It’s too small.
2. This color doesn’t … me.
3. This shirt doesn’t …. your blue tie.
4. The dress doesn’t …. me: it is a bit too loose in the waist and tight round the hips.
5. The gloves don’t …. with my shoes.
6. The jacket … you, but the colour doesn’t … you.
7. What colour tie will you recommend … my light-grey shirt?
8. I don’t think grey shoes will … with your brown coat.
9. The dress is to my taste, but the price doesn’t … me.
10. Mary’s blue dress … her eyes.
Translate into English.
1. Она искала шляпу в тон своему светло-коричневому пальто.
2. Мне кажется, вам не идет этот цвет.
3. Какого цвета шарф ты мне посоветуешь купить, чтобы он гармонировал с моим темно-
синим пальто?
4. Этот цвет мне идет, но сидит это платье на мне очень плохо.
5. Меня не устраивает цена этих туфель.
Make up dialogues using the words to fit, to suit, to match, to go with.
Lesson 6. Having fun.Study the vocabulary and learn the words.
cheap– дешевый
expensive –дорогой
sweater –свитер
dress – платье
skirt –юбка
blouse –блузка
shirt – блузка
T-shirt – футболка
jeans – джинсы
trousers – брюки
shoes – туфли
loose –свободный
tight –узкий
Watch the video.
Answer the questions.
What are the women going to wear to the party?
What is Bob going to wear to the party?
6.4. Define the types of the questions.
What do you think of our new clothes?
Am I going?
What do you mean?
Which one do you prefer?
That’s not so hard, is it?
Which shoes look better?
Which sweater do you prefer?
What’s wrong with my clothes?
Who asked you anyway?
So what are you going to wear to the party?
What do you think of these?
Do you have anything looser?
Why don’t we look at shirts?
But it’s pretty conservative, isn’t it?
Do you have anything more expensive?
But what am I wearing tomorrow?
Study the vocabulary and learn the words.
rate of exchange – курс обмена
price range – диапазон цен
to ask for a better price – торговаться, просить более низкую цену.
a ten percent tip for … – десятипроцентные чаевые на…
Listen to the song “Shopping for Souvenirs” and retell the song in your own words.
Lesson 7. Conditional Sentences. Первый тип условных предложений.
7.1 Study the grammar
Условные предложения первого типа выражают вполне реальные, осуществимые предположения и чаще всего выражают предположения, относящиеся к будущему времени. В условных предложениях первого типа, относящихся к будущему, глагол в придаточном предложении (условии) употребляется в настоящем времени, обычно в Present Indefinite, а в главном предложении (следствии) в Future Indefinite. Придаточное предложение (условие) присоединяется к главному предложению с помощью слов if, when, while, assoonas, unless, until, till.
If the weather is fine tomorrow, we shall go to the country.
I’ll give you the book on condition that you return it next week.
He won’t finish his work unless he works hard. Если завтра будет хорошая погода, мы поедем за город.
Я дам вам эту книгу при условии, что вы вернете ее на следующей неделе.
Он не окончит свою работу во время, если он не будет усердно работать.
7.2. Complete the sentences using the verbs in brackets. All the sentences are about the future.
Use will/ won’t or the present simple (I see/ he plays/ it is etc.)
I’ll phone (phone) you when I get (get) home from work.
I want to see Julia before she ___________________ (go) out.
We’re going on holiday tomorrow. I _________________ (tell) you all about it when we ______________ (come) back.
Brian looks very different now. When you ________________ (see) him again, you _______________ (not recognise) him.
_______________ (you/ be) lonely without me while I _______________(be) away?
We must do something soon before it ___________________ (be) too late.
I don’t want to go without you. I ______________ (wait) until you ______________ (be) ready.
Sue has applied for the job, but she isn’t very well-qualified for it. I ________________ (be) surprised if she _______________ (get) it.
I hope to play tennis tomorrow if the weather _______________ (be) nice.
I’m going out now. If anybody _______________ (phone) while I _________________ (be) out, can you take a message?
7.3. Make one sentence from two.
1. I will stop raining soon. They we’ll go out.
We’ll go out when it stops raining.
I’ll find somewhere to live. Then I’ll give you my address.
I ___________________when______________________.I’ll do the shopping. Then I’ll come straight back home.
____________________ after _____________________.
It’s going to get dark. Let’s go home before that.
_____________________ before __________________.
She must apologise to me first. I won’t speak to her until then.
_____________________ until ____________________.
7.4. Read the situations and complete the sentences.
A friend of yours is going on holidays. You want to know what she is going to do.
You ask: What are you going to do when you are on holiday?
A friend of yours is visiting you. She has to go soon but maybe there’s time for some more coffee.
You ask: Would you like some more coffee before ________________________ ?You want to sell your car. Jim is interested in buying it, but he hasn’t decided yet.
You ask: Can you let me know as soon as ________________________________ ?Your friends are going to New York soon. You want to know where they’re going to stay. You ask: Where are you going to stay when ___________________________?
The traffic is very bad in your town, but they are building a new road at the moment .You say: I think things will be better when they ____________________________.
Lesson 8. Conditional Sentences. Второй тип условных предложений.
8.1. Study the grammar
Условные предложения второго типа выражают невероятные или маловероятные предположения. Они относятся к настоящему или будущему времени. В условных предложениях второго типа, в придаточном предложении (условии) употребляется форма Past Indefinite, а в главном предложении (следствии) – сочетание should (c 1-м лицом ед. и мн. числа) илиwould (со 2-м и 3-м лицом ед. и мн.числа) с Indefinite Infinitive (без to):
If Helen knew his address (now), she would write to him. Если бы Хелен знала его адрес (сейчас), она бы написала ему.
(Данное предположение является невероятным, так как Елена не знает его адреса и поэтому не может написать ему.)
If my brother had time now, he would help them. Если бы у моего брата было время сейчас, он бы помог им.
(Данное предположение является невероятным, поскольку у брата нет времени сейчас, и он поэтому не может помочь им.)
If we received the documents tomorrow, we should start loading the goods on Monday. Если бы мы получили документы завтра, мы начали бы грузить товары в понедельник.
(Говорящий считает, что получение документов маловероятно, и что товар, поэтому, вряд ли будут грузить в понедельник).
If I saw my friend tomorrow, I should ask him about it. Если бы я увидел своего приятеля завтра, я спросил бы его об этом.
(Говорящий считает встречу со своим приятелем маловероятной и сомневается поэтому, сможет ли он его спросить о том, что его интересует.)
Глагол tobeв придаточном предложении имеет форму were со всеми лицами единственного и множественного числа. Однако, в современном языке наряду с were с 1-м и 3-м лицом единственного числа употребляетсяwas.
If I were (was) here, he would help us. Если бы он был здесь, он помог бы нам.
8.2. Put the verb into the correct form.
If I knew (know) his number, I would phone him.
I wouldn’t buy (not/ buy) that coat if I were you.
I ____________(help) you if I could, but I’m afraid I can’t.
We would need a car if we ________________(live) in the country.
If we had the choice, we _____________ (live) in the country.
This soup isn’t very good. It _________________ (taste) better if it wasn’t so salty.
I wouldn’t mind living in England if the weather ________________ (be) better.
If I were you, I __________________ (not/ wait). I ________________ (go) now.
You are always tired. If you ___________________ (not/ go) to bed so late every night, you wouldn’t be tired all the time.
I think there are too many cars. If there ____________________ (not/ be) so many cars, there ______________________ (not/be) so much pollution.
8.3. Put the verb into the correct form.
They would be offended if I didn’t go to their party. (not/go)
If you took more exercise, you would feel better. (feel)
If they offered me the job, I think I _____________it. (take).
A lot of people would be out of work if the car factory ______________ . (close down).
If I sold my car, I ____________________ much money for it. (not/get)
(in a lift) What would happen if somebody ________________ that red button? (press)
I don’t think there’s any chance that Gary and Emma will get married. I’d be absolutely astonished if they ______________________. (do)
Liz gave me this ring. She _________________ very upset if I lost it.(be)
Dave and Kate are expecting us. They would be very disappointed if we ________________ . (not/ come)
Would Steve mind if I _____________________ his bike without asking him? (borrow)
What would you do if somebody _______________ in here with a gun? (walk)
I’m Sure _____________________ if you explained the situation to her. (understand)
8.4. For each situation, write a sentence beginning with if.
We don’t see you very often because you live so far away.
If you didn’t live so far away, we would see you more often.
This book is too expensive, so I’m not going to buy it.
I would _______________________________ if________________________.
We don’t go out very often – we can’t afford it.
We ____________________________________________________________.I can’t meet you tomorrow – I have to work late.
If _____________________________________________________________.
It’s raining, so we can’t have lunch outside.
We ___________________________________________________________.I don’t want his advice, and that’s why I’m not going to ask for it.
If ____________________________________________________________.
Lesson 9. Conditional Sentences. Третий тип условных предложений.
9.1 . Study the grammar
Условные предложения третьего типа выражают предположения, относящиеся к прошедшему времени и являются, поэтому, невыполнимыми. В условных предложениях третьего типа в придаточном предложении (условии) употребляется форма PastPerfect, а в главном предложении (следствии) сочетание should(с 1-м лицом ед. и мн. числа) или would (со 2-м и 3-м лицом ед. и мн. числа) сPerfectInfinitive (безto):
If I had seen him yesterday, I should have asked him about it
He would not have caught cold if he had put on a warm coat.
If your instructions had been received ten days ago, the goods would have been shipped yesterday. Если бы я видел его вчера, я спросил бы его об этом.
Он не простудился бы, если бы надел теплое пальто.
Если бы ваши указания были получены десять дней тому назад, товар был бы отгружен вчера.
9.2. Put the verb into the correct form.
1. I didn’t know you were in hospital. If I’d known (I/know), I would have gone (I/go) to see you.
2. Sam got to the station just in time to catch the train to the airport. If ____________________
(he/ miss) the train, ______________________________ (he/ miss) his flight.
3. I’m glad that you reminded me about Amanda’s birthday. __________________________ (I/forget) if ____________________________(you/not/remind) me.
4. Unfortunately I forgot my address book when I went on holiday. If ____________________ (I/have) your address, ____________________________ (I/send) you a postcard.
5. A: How was your holiday ? Did you have a nice time?
B: It was OK, but _________________________(we/ enjoy) it more if __________________ (the weather/be) nicer.
6. I took a taxi to the hotel, but the traffic was bad. ____________________________ (it/be) quicker if _________________________(I/walk).
7. I’m not tired. If _____________________________(I/be) tired, I would have gone home earlier.
8. I wasn’t tired last night. If ________________________(I/be) tired, I would have gone home earlier.
9.3. For each situation, write a sentence beginning with if.
1. I wasn’t hungry, so I didn’t eat anything.
If I’d been hungry, I would have eaten something.
The accident happened because the road was icy.
If the road _____________________________
I didn’t know that Joe had to get up early, so I didn’t wake him up.
If I ___________________________________
I was able to buy the car only because Jane lent me the money.
________________________________________
Karen wasn’t injured in the crash because she was wearing a seat belt.
________________________________________
You didn’t have any breakfast – that’s why you’re hungry how.
_________________________________________
I didn’t get a taxi because I didn’t have any money.
_________________________________________
9.4. Individualwork (athome).
Be ready to tell about the shopping in your life: list the departments in the supermarket, goods that you buy most often. Tell what you like best of all – to go shopping to the nearest shop or to go to the supermarket and shopping mall where there is a bigger choice.
Lesson 10. The presentation of students’ reports on shopping.It’s time to present your reports on shopping! Tell about the shopping in your life: list the departments in the supermarket, goods that you buy most often. Tell what you like best of all – to go shopping to the nearest shop or to go to the supermarket and shopping mall where there is a bigger choice.
Список литературы
Афанасьева О.В. Английский язык. 10 класс (Комплект с CD). - М.: Express Publishing: Просвещение, 2015 – 248 c.
Афанасьева О.В. Английский язык. 10 класс (Комплект с CD). - М.: Express Publishing: Просвещение, 2014 – 244 c.
Г.Т. Безкоровайная, Н.И. Соколова, Е.А. Койранская, Г.В.Лаврик. Planet of English. – М.: Издательский центр «Академия», 2012 – 256с.
В.В. Войтенок, А.М. Войтенко. Разговорный английский. – M.: Рольф, 2001 – 480 с.
К.Н.Качалова, Е.Е. Изралевич. Практическая грамматика английского языка с упражнениями и ключами. – М.: Издательство «ЮНВЕС», 1998 – 717с.
Н.И. Щербакова, Н.С. Звенигородская. Английский язык для специалистов сферы общественного питания. – М.: Издательский центр «Академия», 2005 – 320 с.
R.Murphy. English Grammar in Use. Second Edition – Oxford: Oxford University press, 2003 – 350p.
R.Murphy. English Grammar in Use. Third Edition – Oxford: Oxford University press, 2004 – 379p.
R.Murphy. Essential Grammar in Use. Second Edition – Oxford: Oxford University press, 2007 – 300p.
J.Saslow, A.Ascher. Top Notch. – Pearson Education Limited, 2006 – 160р.
J.Sinclair. Collins Cobild English Grammar. – Harper Collins Publishers, 1994 – 486p.
Интернет - ресурсы:
www.wikipedia.orgwww.lingvo-online.ru
www. youtube.com

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