Проектная работа Pupils’ health: development of eyesight problems

Государственное бюджетное общеобразовательное учреждение
города Москвы "Лицей № 1535"
Pupils’ health: development of eyesight problems(Здоровье школьников: развитие проблем со зрением)
Выполнила учащаяся 10 З класса
Козловская Диана Вячеславовна
Оськина Екатерина Викторовна –
учитель английского языка
Москва, 2016
Introduction 1
Chapter 1. Theoretical input2Vision: physiological overview3
Eyesight disease as a crucial health problem4
Chapter 2. Practical Experiment 6
Objectives 6
Experiment procedure 7
Conclusions 8
Every year millions of children go to school trying to get knowledge and good marks. They spend there several hours a day, from 5 to 8 hours depending on the level of education. Schools literally becomes their “second home”, i.e. a place where children have to stay for quite a long time. Therefore, school as a temporary habitat for children may and does influence our generation in various ways.
One of the aspects of life affected by the habitat is, of course, our health. Every job has its own so-called “professional diseases”; pupils at school are no exception. There is a solid number of school-related diseases. They touch upon practically all the systems of the young organism. Moreover, they can also cause psychological issues like anxiety, stress, insomnia and so on.
Yet, to our mind, the system that is especially under threat is vision. Nowadays not only textbooks and tones of homework endanger the fragile eyesight, all the electronic gadgets that children do not part with add to the problem.
Good eyesight for children is certainly a basic requirement for school success. When the child's vision falls short, the same happens with his school performance. According to a recent study, up to 25% of children experience eyesight problems that affect their learning ability.
Thus, we have decided to devote our research to the eyesight-related problems that schoolboys and girls face all over the world and in our country as well.
In our analytical project work we want to make an attempt to assess the scale of the problem under analysis. What is more, we put forward an aim to collect some simple basic tips helping to decrease the risk of vision dramatic deterioration.
Chapter 1. Theoretical input
In the first chapter of our research we want to observe the scientific data and works dealing with the following aspects:
firstly, it seems important to dwell on the visual system of a human being to understand which factors can threaten it,
secondly, the most widespread eyesight problems should be defined,
finally, we would like to put emphasis on those problems that are acute especially for schoolchildren.
Vision: physiological overview
Since the birth, almost all of human beings who are not physically challenged have an important ability to see. Although we usually take it for granted, vision plays an extremely important role in our life. The organs responsible for eyesight are eyes and the brain that interprets the information. Still, in most cases visionary problems are eyes-related, so, we find it important to give a brief overview of these exceptional organs.
The human eye is the organ which gives us the sense of light, allowing us to learn more about the surrounding world than any of the other five senses. We use our eyes in almost everything we do, whether reading, working, watching television, writing a letter, driving a car, and countless other activities.
Sight is the most precious of the five senses, and many people fear blindness more than any other disability. The eye allows us to see and interpret the shapes, colors, and dimensions of objects in the world by processing the light they reflect of give off. 

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Pupils’ health: development of eyesight problemsStudent of 10 “Z” formKozlovskaya Diana Supervisor: Oskina E.V.–English teacherГосударственное Бюджетное Образовательное Учреждение города Москвы лицей № 1535Moscow, 2015 Human visual system and ability to see Eyes-related diseasesMyopia (nearsightedness)Hyperopia (farsightedness) Eyes-related diseasesAstigmatismAnisometropia Practical researchHypothesis:Through school years vision deteriorates dramatically.Objectives:to collect and analyze the information about the vision conditions of pupils in an average Russian schoolSuggest ways of avoiding vision disorders ProcedureForm of the research: analyticalMethod: questioningRespondents: students of lyceum 1535 MaterialsThe questionnaire VISION CONDITIONS 1) What grade are you from?2) What is your current vision acuity?3) If possible enumerate the figures for vision acuity from the previous eye tests stating the period when the test was conducted.4) Do you have any eyes disorders? If yes, state your condition. Who long have you had it?5) How many hours do you spend on studying a day (school + after-classes activities +homework)?6) How much time a day do you spend reading printed texts?7) How much time a day do you spend in front of a screen (computer/laptop/tablet/smartphone/etc.)?8) Assess the level of tiredness after the school day on the scale from 1 to 10. ResultsChart 1. Visual acuity among the pupils of lyceum 1535 Chart 2. Percentage of vision disorders among the pupils of lyceum 1535Results Chart 3. Visual acuity if different gradesResults ConclusionsVisual acuity is deteriorating from the 8th to 11th grades. Many students suffer from vision disorders that can negatively affect their study One negative factor influencing the quality of vision is unavoidable intensive use of electronics in the studying process. Healthy tipsRegular eye tests Observe the behavior of children Healthy tips Follow safety rules while working with gadgetsHealthy tips Too many gadgets … let’s stop it! ReferencesComputer eye strain symptoms and solutions http://www.specsavers.co.uk/eye-health/computer-eye-strain-symptoms-and-solutionsEye Conditions, American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus http://www.aapos.org/terms/conditions/153G. Heiting, OD Vision Problems of Schoolchildren, All about Vision http://www.allaboutvision.com/parents/schoolage.htmJames Garrity, MD Structure and Function of the Eyes, Merck Manuals Consumer Version http://www.merckmanuals.com/home/eye-disorders/biology-of-the-eyes/structure-and-function-of-the-eyesPoor Eyesight Can Lead To Bad Grades, Medicine.Net.org http://www.medicinenet.com/script/main/art.asp?articlekey=20974R. Murphy Learning-Related Vision Problems, All about Vision http://www.allaboutvision.com/parents/learning.htmSchool-aged Vision: 6 to 18 Years of Age, Site of American Optometric Association http://www.aoa.org/patients-and-public/good-vision-throughout-life/childrens-vision/school-aged-vision-6-to-18-years-of-age?sso=yVisual acuity, Precision Vision http://precision-vision.com/Introduction-to-Visual-Acuity-Measurement/a-visualacuity.html#.Vk4f6L-qmUkЗРЕНИЕ и ДЕТИ - Охрана зрения ШКОЛЬНИКОВ, Русский медицинский сервис http://www.rusmedserv.com/ophthalmolog/faq/articles_425.htmlСайт "Детское зрение" http://www.detskoezrenie.ru/about/ Thank you for attention!

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