William Hogarth (1697-1764). Biography. Style and Technique. Cultural Studies

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William Hogarth (1697-1764)Biography. Style and TechniqueCultural StudiesЮнусова Юлия ШамильевнаГБОУ "Школа № 2095 "Покровский квартал", Москва2016 William Hogarth (1697-1764) PlanIntroductionBiographyWho or What Influenced William HogarthStyle and Technique IntroductionWilliam Hogarthis known as the father of satirical and moral paintings.produced work in a variety of other genres: portraiture and historical pieces.was one of the most innovative artists of his generationbrought art to the common man

BiographyEarly Years: (1697-1720s)time of social and moral depravity 18th century: London began to bloom creativelyWilliam Hogarth:was born into a poor, middle-class family1713: started work as an apprentice (подмастерье) of Ellis Gamble, a plate engraverdeveloped his artistic skills by attending Sir James Thornhill's Academy of art in London's Covent Garden1720s: continued to make a series of engravings of scenes from popular theatre shows, demonstrating the earliest signs of the satirical work

BiographyMiddle Years: (1720s – 1760s)William Hogarth1731: produced what was known as his “modern morality” paintingsbetween 1740 and 1745: focused on portraits 1748: created The Roast Beef of Old England after a trip to the French port of Calais -> began sketching the fortifications -> the French police accused him of being a spywas making a good living from his printed works and portraituretried his hand at historical painting but this venture wasn't very successful

The Roast Beef of Old England Hogarth was also a great portrait painter. "The Shrimp girl“, the National Gallery, London BiographyLater Years: William Hogarth1762: published an anti-war satire 'The Times' which caused outrage from one prominent MP, John Wilkes who published a harsh article dismissing Hogarth's work created an engraving, John Wilkes Esq. showing the MP wearing a symbolic cap of liberty July 1763: suffered from a paralytic seizure and became seriously ill1764, London: passed away, left no children

John Wilkes Esq.The MP with a symbolic cap of liberty: a nimbus & a wig shaped like horns Who or What Influenced William Hogarthhis father's classical education his family's Puritan religious beliefs living in debtor's lodgings whilst his father was kept in jailEllis Gamble: Hogarth's time as an apprenticeFlemish Artists (17th Century): David Teniers and Ryckaert who often painted home interiors and galleries to demonstrate the patron's wealth Politics: Henry Fielding was a satirist and is thought to have influenced Hogarth's Beer Street and Gin Lane

Beer Street and Gin Lanepropaganda to raise support for the Gin Act of 1751, limiting the selling of spirits

Style and TechniqueStyle: an engraver of the Rococo style Themes: the events that were happening in 18th century London, the weaknesses of people and political events of the dayColor: a warm palette: red, yellow and ochre. Brown and dark blues to create shadow and movementComposition:  busy canvases, with a range of different characters to display a narrativeTechnique: lose, flowing strokes

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