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Harriet Tubman and the Underground RailroadЮнусова Юлия ШамильевнаГБОУ "Школа № 2095 "Покровский квартал", Москва2016Culture StudiesThe USA Harriet Tubman: “the Moses of Her People”Moses in the Bible led Jews out of slavery in EgyptHarriet led many of her fellow Afro-Americans out of slavery in the southern US to freedom in Canada Harriet Tubmanwas born a slave in Maryland in 1820Her ancestors had been captured in Africa and sold as slaves in AmericaThe Africans were regarded as less than human. were property were often treated the same Slavery as a Great Part of the Economy1793: invention of the cotton gindemand for slave labour increased price for cotton fell demand for cotton rosecotton was grown in the warm climate of the American South. Harriet Tubman and the Underground Railroad1849: Harriet Tubman decided to escape this fate by riding the “Underground Railroad”“underground” = a secret operation run by people, who were opposed to slavery“railroad” = it used railroad code words like “passengers” = the runway slaves “stations” = the safe houses where the runaways hid from slave owners“conductors” = those who led the slaves from one “station” to another Harriet Tubman and the Underground Railroad Harriet Tubman and the Underground RailroadFrom 1793 until 1861 thousands of slaves came for freedom in the free northern states and to Canada 1850: the Fugitive Slaves Actlet slave owners capture escaped slaves anywhere in the US and return them to the Souththose who were not escaped slaves but helped a slave to hide could be fined $1,000 or sent to jail for 6 monthsthe runaway who was returned to the master could have:an ear chopped offpart of a foot removedbe severely whippedabout 3000 slaves crossed the border in the first few months 1850: the Fugitive Slaves Act Harriet Tubmancontinued to help others escapemade about 17 trips south, leading people into Canada, including her elderly parents and three brothersin Canada they were not always equalthere were many Canadians willing to help Harriet Tubman and Her Later Lifespent the rest of her life engaged in humanitarian causeswas active in the woman's suffrage movementbuilt a home for the aged in Auburn N.Y. which she helped run until her death in 1913 Thank You for attention!