Culture Studies, the USA. The Development of Transportation Systems (1800s – 1820s)


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The Development of Transportation Systems (1800s – 1820s)Юнусова Юлия ШамильевнаГБОУ "Школа № 2095 "Покровский квартал", Москва2016Culture Studies, the USA Unpaved RoadsIn the late 18th c. the US population was centered on its Atlantic coastoverland transportation was by horse on unpaved roads The Boston Post Road: Private TurnpikesRoad construction - improvement in infrastructureMajor cities were connected by post roadsThe first government development of highway transportation was the Boston Post Road between NY City and Boston. Highways were private turnpikes, or toll roads: a fee (or toll) is assessed for passage. The Boston Post Road: Private Turnpikes The National Road: the Cumberland RoadIn 1806: Congress decided to build the national road. (from Cumberland, Maryland to southern Illinois)The Cumberland Roadwas the first major improved highway in the US was built by the federal governmentprovided a connection between the Potomac and Ohio rivers The North River Steamboattravelled up the Hudson River in NY in 1807was the world's first commercially successfulwas built by the wealthy investor and politician Robert R. Livingston and inventor Robert Fulton Canal Building – the Eire Canalwas opened for business in 1825was used for carrying food and goods made people able to flow between New York City and the westsparked a canal building boom throughout the eastern USMade New York City be the nation’s commercial center Canal Building – the Eire Canal Results of Transportation The turnpikes, canals, and steamboats as new transportation links encouraged:economic growthrising land valuesmigration of peoples The Erie Canal improved:domestic markets and transfer of goods from New York to New Orleans along inland waterways Population movement between 1790 and 1830 encouraged: the moving of peoples to the areas between the Appalachians and the Mississippi River TasksI. Do the quiz. Choose one answer for each question.  1. The first national road built by the federal government in the USA was: a) The Boston Post Roadb) The New York Roadc) The Cumberland Road 2.The North River Steamboat was built by:a) George Stephenson and Robert Livingstonb) Robert Livingston and Robert Fultonc) Robert Stockton and Walter Livingston


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style.color II. Fill in the gaps. a) A private turnpike, or a ______ road – is private roadway for which a fee (or ______) is assessed for passage.Answer: tollb) The success of ______ sparked a canal building boom throughout the eastern US and made New York City be the nation’s commercial center.Answer: the Erie Canal


III. Match the means of transportation and the results:{5C22544A-7EE6-4342-B048-85BDC9FD1C3A}The turnpikes and steamboats as new transportation links encouraged the moving of peoples to the areas between the Appalachians and the Mississippi RiverThe Erie Canal revolutionized domestic markets and transfer of goods from New York to New Orleans along inland waterwaysPopulation movement between 1790 and 1830 encouraged economic growth, rising land values and migration of peoples


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