Группы настояшчих времен

Муниципальное образовательное учреждение

Средняя общеобразовательная школа № 1
















Методическое пособие
по английскому языку
«Группа временных форм Indefinite (Simple)»












Составила: Рыжикова Е.Н.



















Биробиджан, 2013
Группа временных форм Indefinite (Simple)

Формы глагола в Present Indefinite
Утвердительная форма
Отрицательная форма
Вопросительная форма

I
We
You ask
They

He
She asks
It
I
We
You do not ask
They

He
She does not ask
It
I
We
Do You ask?
They

He
Does She ask ?
It

Глаголы в формах Indefinite (Simple) описывают обычные, повторяющиеся действия как факт – безотносительно к их длительности или к результату действия:
I go to school every day - Я хожу в школу каждый день.
В этом высказывании интересует не время, потраченное на дорогу, на процесс движения, не результат походов, а сам факт: я хожу в школу, а не на работу. То же самое относится к прошедшему и к будущему времени:
I went to school when I was a boy. – Я ходил в школу, когда был мальчиком.
I will go to school when I grow up. – Я буду ходить в школу, когда вырасту.
Для указания на повторный характер действия часто употребляются слова
Every day / week, month, year ( каждый день / каждую неделю, месяц. год),
Often (часто), seldom (редко), always (всегда), usually (обычно), never (никогда).
Наречия often, seldom, always, never, usually обычно ставится перед глаголом.

Past Indefinite Tense
Утвердительная форма
Отрицательная форма
Вопросительная форма

I
We
You
They asked
He
She
It
I
We
You
They did not ask
He
She
It
I
We
You Did They ask?
She
He
It


По способу образования прошедшего времени все глаголы в английском языке можно разделить на две группы: правильные и неправильные. У правильных глаголов вторая форма (Past Indefinite Tense) образуются путем прибавления к основе глагола окончания -ed (-d):
to ask – asked
to receive – received
to change – changed
to work - worked
При этом существует ряд особенностей:
Если глагол оканчивается на –y с предшествующей согласной, то буква y меняется на i и добавляется окончание –ed:
to supply – supplied
to apply – applied
2. Если глагол оканчивается на –y с предшествующей гласной, то буква y не меняется и добавляется окончание –ed:
to stay – stayed
to play – played
Если глагол оканчивается на согласную с предшествующим кратким гласным звуком, то согласная на конце удваивается:
to stop – stopped
неправильные глаголы образуют вторую форму различными способами, без четких правил. (список неправильных глаголов в словаре).

Future Indefinite Tense
Утвердительная форма
Отрицательная форма
Вопросительная форма

I
We
You
They will ask
He
She
It
I
We
You
They will not ask
He
She
It
I
We
You Will They ask?
She
He
It




Упражнения

Present Indefinite Tense
1. Вставьте вместо точек глаголы, данные в скобках в форме Present Indefinite по образцу
Образец: I..in the main office. (work)
I work in the main office.
Mr Wilson.very hard. (work)
Mr Wilson works very hard.
Almost everyonevery hard.(work)
Wefrom 9.00 a.m. to 5.00 p.m.(work)
Mr Wilsona private office.
Miss Petersletters for me.(write)
Mr Wilson the reports.(study)
Smith and Green.information (collect)

2. Заполните пропуски, используя do not или does not (don’t / doesn’t)
Welisten to the radio every night.
Mr Wilsonhave a private office.
The boysstudy at the library every day.
These exercises.seem very difficult.
The menalways eat at that cafeteria.
That tall manwork for this company.
The peoplespeak English very well.

3. Заполните пропуски, используя do или does
you want cream and sugar in your coffee?
the children go to bed very early?
that girl come from South America?
you know that Italian student?
Miss Stewart prefer coffee or tea?
your English lessons seem very difficult?
those two women understand that lesson?

4. Переделайте данные предложения в вопросительные и отрицательные. Используя конструкции don’t или doesn’t
Mary takes the dog for a walk in the evenings.
Peter buys a morning newspaper every day.
I come to
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
·
5. Переделайте данные предложения в вопросительные. Начинайте вопросы со слов в скобках.
Ann watches television. (How often?)
I write to my parents. (How often?)
I have dinner in the evening. (What time / usually?)
Tom works. (Where?)
I go to the cinema. (How often?)
People do stupid things.(Why?)
The car breaks down.(How often?)

6. Составьте из данных слов вопросительные предложения
buy / you / the / do / at / what /shops
is / who / teacher / the
parents / moment / where / your / the / at / are
you / how / to / come / school / do
that/ is / car / whose

7. Допишите окончания глаголов (-s или –es) там, где это нужно
He goto school by bus.
She likemilk.
My father watchTV in the evening.
I playtennis on Saturdays.
My brother playfootball quite well.
My sister singvery well.
She washher face and hands in the morning and in the evening.
I usually drinktea for breakfast.
Jane doher English exercises after school.
Peter drivea car.

8. Выберите из скобок нужную форму глагола
She (swim / swims) very well.
Luc (live / lives) in London.
Jack (come / comes) from the USA.
Betty (dance / dances) a little.
He (have / has) three brothers.
Ted (like / likes) music.
Chris (cook /cooks) cakes quite well.

9. Составьте вопросы к данным предложениям, начиная словами, указанными в скобках
The engineer lives in Tomsk. (Who)
She lives in Green Street (Where)
Grace usually has supper at nine o’clock (When)
Tim reads many books (Does)
Sally speaks Spanish (Does)
We have English lessons on Tuesdays and Fridays. (Do)
They work on a farm (Where)
I make my bed in the morning (Do)
They do their homework after school (When)
I have a glass of milk for supper (What)
We like watching TV in the evening (Do)

10. Сделайте данные предложения отрицательными
Bess helps her mother.
My friend plays the piano.
We listen to music.
You make a lot of mistakes.
The farmer works in the field.
The small boy rides a bike.
He looks at the pictures in the book.
The workman paints the house.
Richard and Henry swim in the river in summer.
John goes to school by tram.
She gets up at 8 o’clock.
He has tea for breakfast.
She usually has dinner at 2 o’clock.
Peter lives in London.

Past Simple
1. Образуйте от выделенных глаголов прошедшее время
I play in the field.
He wants to go home.
The driver stops the car.
He drinks tea every day.
It begins to rain.
They like our house.
I dream every night.
My sister cleans the room.
The teacher gives us dictation.
He sits at his desk and writes a letter.
Mery comes early.
The cat catches the fish in the river.
The dog eats its dinner.
The boys go for a holiday.
Richard knows George.
The plane flies very high.
He teaches us English.
I wash my hands day.
He goes to school.
Liz cuts her finger.

2. Составьте утвердительные и отрицательные предложения по образцу.
Образец: I went to Chicago / I didn’t go to New York
WeJim, weMax. (meet)
Helast Tuesday, helast Thursday. (leave)
WeJack, weDavid (see)
Theya Volvo, theya Fiat (buy)
Youthe answer, Tomthe answer (know)
I my passport, Imy ticket (lose)
Wethe pizza, wehot dogs (have)
Hea letter, he a postcard (write)
The filmat 6.30p.m., at 7.30 p.m. (begin)
My sisterat the theatre yesterday, sheat the disco(be)

3. Составьте вопросы из данных слов. Помните о порядке слов в предложении.
Morning / you / time / get / up / what / in / the / did?
Dinner / night / have / what / last / you / for / did?
Did / train / last / you / by / when / travel?
Do / what / Sunday / you / last / you?
Visit / you / art gallery /an / last / did / when?
Travel / on / you / how / work / did / to / Monday?

4. Раскройте скобки и поставьте глаголы в нужном времени
1.Stratford – on –Avon (be) a small town in Central England where Shakespeare (be born). 2. Some two centuries ago, when there (not / be) trains, cars and trams, people (travel) in carriages. The mailcoach (take) both people and post from town to town. 3. Latin (be) a dead language now, but (be) the international language some four centuries ago. 4. Many thousands of years ago Cyprus (be) famous for its copper. 5. The metric system (be) a system of measures and weights which (be) first adopted in France. 6. In ancient Rome people (use) sticks of bone or metal tablets. They (call) these sticks “styles”. 7. Shishkin (not / create) his picture “Morning in the Pine – Wood” alone.The no-less famous painter Savitsky (paint) the bear with her three little cubs.

5. Работайте по модели:
Образец: Tom usually gets at 7.30. Yesterday he got up at 7.30.
Tom usually wakes up early. Yesterday morning..
Tom usually walks to work. Yesterday.
Tom is usually late for work. Yesterday.
Tom usually has a sandwich for lunch. Yesterday..
Tom usually goes out in the evening. Yesterday
Tom usually sleeps very well. Last night

6. Вставьте глаголы по смыслу: hurt teach spend sell throw fall catch buy cost
I was hungry, so I.something to eat in the shop.
Tim’s father.him how to drive when he was 17.
Dondown the stars this morning and.his leg.
We needed some money so we..our car.
Ann.a lot of money yesterday. She a dress which..$ 50.
Jimthe ball to Sue whoit.

7. Поставьте инфинитив в скобках в Past Indefinite Tense.
He (to lose) his balance and (to fall).
My father (to found0 his business in 1999.
Clearing out the room I (to find) these old stamps.
The monkey (to jump) at her.
I suddenly (to see) beautiful birds in the window.
The police (to open) fire and 9to wound) two criminals.
She (not to know) what to do and how to get out there, when someone finally (to hear) her cries for help.
We (to meet) last summer.
We (not to have) holiday last summer.
Bill (to go) home 10 minutes ago.

Future Indefinite Tense
1. Ответьте на вопросы
Will you take your exams in June?
Will you come to our party?
Will you join for lunch?
Will you help them with their English?
Will they be happy to see us?
When will he know the time of our arrival?
What will you tell them?
Where will she wait for you?
Will we start the discussion?
Will I help you?

2. Раскройте скобки, поставьте глагол в Present или Future Indefinite
I (to hope) he (to be) at the office tomorrow.
When you (to give) me back my textbook?
I (to be) sure you (to like) the music.
At this time tomorrow we (to be) far from here.
Don’t wait for me, I probably (to be) late.
I (to be) afraid they (to miss) you very much.
Where we (to meet)?
You (to find) a lot of interesting things in this journal.
How long it (to take) us to get to the airport?

3. Раскройте скобки, употребляя глаголы в Present, Past или Future Indefinite.
I (to go) to bed at 10 o’clock every day.
I (to go) to bed at 10 o’clock yesterday.
I (to go) to bed at 10 o’clock tomorrow.
I (not to go) to the cinema every day.
I (not to go0 to the cinema yesterday.
I (not to go) to the cinema tomorrow.
You (to watch) TV every day?
You (to watch) TV yesterday?
You (to watch) TV tomorrow?
When you (to leave) home for school every day?



Приложенные файлы


Добавить комментарий