Методическое пособие по теме лондон


Учебно – методическое пособие по теме:
«Лондон. Достопримечательности»
Пояснительная записка
Данное пособие предназначено для учащихся средних общеобразовательных школ. Материал пособия направлен на развитие таких видов речевой деятельности, как разговор, чтение, письмо, понимание речи на слух.
Целью пособия является знакомство учащихся с достопримечательностями Лондона; развитие познавательных интересов, интеллектуальных и творческих способностей; формирование толерантной, открытой для общения личности, способной к сотрудничеству и межкультурному взаимодействию, а также формирование практических навыков успешного, эффективного общения. Отвечая на вопросы после прочтения текста, учащиеся привыкают к работе в режиме обсуждения полученной информации.
Содержание:
BIG BEN 4 стр.London Eye 5 стр.
Buckingham Palace 6 стр.Tower Bridge 7 стр.
Tower of London. The White Tower 8 стр.
Trafalgar Square 9 стр.
Westminster Abbey 10 стр.The Globe Theatre 11 стр.

BIG BEN
The famous clock Big Ben stands near the Houses of Parliament. Big Ben is a big bell. The clock has four faces and five big bells. The biggest bell is known as Big Ben. The bell is named after Sir Benjamin Hall; the first commissioner of works when the Houses of Parliament were rebuilt in 1850. He was a tall man, whose nickname was Big Ben. So people know the clock as Big Ben. You hear it every hour. The bell weighs 13 720 kilograms. It has a deep tone and you can hear it on the radio: “This is the BBC. The time is six o’clock.” And then you hear the deep boom of Big Ben of six times.
Big Ben looks most attractively at night when the clock faces are illuminated. You even know when parliament is in session, because a light shines above the clock face.
Questions
Where does Big Ben stand?
Who was the bell named after?
Who was Sir Benjamin Hall?
London Eye
The London Eye is a giant observation wheel situated on the bank of the river Thames. It is 135 meters high. As the wheel turn it stops to allow tourists to see fantastic views over the city. It takes half an hour for the London Eye to complete one rotation.
Since opening in March 2000 the London Eye has become a symbol of modern Britain. The London Eye is visited by over 3,5 million people a year.
The wheel carries 32 sealed and air-conditioned egg-shaped passenger capsules. Each 10 tones capsule holds 25 people, who are free to walk around inside the capsule, though seating is provided.
Questions
Where is the London Eye situated?
Since what time has the London Eye become a symbol of modern Britain?
How many tourists visit the London Eye a year?
How many passengers does the wheel carry?
Buckingham Palace
Buckingham Palace is the Queen’s official London residence and is used to receive and entertain guests on state, ceremonial and official occasions for the Royal Family. The Queen has four palaces in Britain.
The Buckingham Palace is located between the Green Park, Hyde Park and St. James’s Park. During August and September you can go inside Buckingham Palace. The palace is very big. You can see 19 of the rooms, ballroom and gardens, the gallery with the Royal family’s greatest treasures including paintings and the finest French and English furniture. If the Queen’s flag is flying outside the palace, it means that the Queen is at home.
Questions
What is the Queen’s official residence?
Where is Buckingham Palace located?
When can guests go inside Buckingham Palace?
Personal Project
Are there any old palaces in your city? Which famous people lived in them? Find more information about it.
Tower Bridge
Tower Bridge is the most famous bridge in London over the River Thames. It is close to the Tower of London, which gives it its name. Sir John Wolfe Barry designed it.
The bridge consists of two towers which are tied together. The bridge was officially opened on 30 June 1894 by the Prince of Wales (the future King Edward VII), and his wife.
The bridge is 244 m (800 feet) in length with two towers each 65 m (213 feet) high.
Thousands of tourists visit Tower Bridge every year.
Questions
What is the most famous bridge in London?
Why does it give its name?
When was Tower Bridge officially opened?
Who designed Tower Bridge?
Personal Project
How many bridges are there in your city? Choose one of them and find out more about it.
Tower of London. The White Tower
The Tower of London is one of the most imposing and popular of London’s historical sites. Now it is a museum. It comprises 20 towers. The oldest is the White Tower, dates back to the 11th century and the time of William the Conqueror. Nowadays a lot of tourists visit the Tower of London, because of the Tower’s evil reputation as a prison. The Tower has got Beefeaters, ravens, the Crown Jewels. The royal Crown has got three hundred jewels on it and the celebrated Indian diamond.
Many stories associated with British history come from the Tower. In 1483 King Edward IV’s two sons were murdered in the so-called Bloody Tower. Over two centuries later the skeletons of two little boys were found buried beneath steps in the White Tower.
The ravens, huge black birds are an official part of the Tower. Legend states that if the ravens were to leave the Tower the Crown will fall and Britain with it. Under the special care of the Raven Master, the ravens eat raw meat every day. And there is no danger of them flying away, because their wings are clipped.
Questions
What is the most imposing and popular historical sites in London?
How many towers does the Tower of London comprise?
When was the Tower of London founded?
What is the Tower of London famous for?
Trafalgar Square
Trafalgar Square is the geographical centre of London. It was so named to commemorate Admiral Nelson’s victory at the Battle of Trafalgar. In the middle of the square there is a very famous monument Nelson’s Column with the statue of Lord Horatio Nelson on the top. The Column is over 170 feet high. Its pedestal is decorated with bas-reliefs of famous naval battles. At the base of Nelson’s column are four great lions.
Trafalgar Square has become famous as a point for all kinds of demonstrations, marches and political meetings.
Each year in December, the people of Norway send a gift of an enormous Christmas tree to Britain which is erected in Trafalgar Square. This is thanks for Britain’s part in liberation during the Second World War.
Questions
Why was Trafalgar Square so named?
Where is the Column of Nelson situated?
What can you tell about Christmas tree in Trafalgar Square?
Personal Project
Choose one of the squares in your city and find out more about it. Prepare photos, drawings, pictures to illustrate your project.
Westminster Abbey
Westminster Abbey is a Gothic monastery church in London that is the traditional place of coronation and burial for English monarchs. Westminster Abbey is famous for its architecture, for its historic associations. Westminster Abbey has its world famed Poet’s corner where many of the greatest English writers are buried: Chaucer, Ch. Dickens, Tennyson, Thomas Hardy and Rudyard Kipling. Here, too, are memorials to Shakespeare, Burns, Byron, Walter Scott, Thackeray and to the great American poet Longfellow. Westminster Abbey is a place of worship owned by the royal family.
Questions
Is Westminster Abbey a church or a palace?
What is Westminster Abbey famous for?
Who is buried in Westminster Abbey?
The Globe Theatre
The Globe Theatre has long been associated with William Shakespeare. The original Globe Theatre, built by an acting company to which William Shakespeare belonged, opened in 1599.
Unfortunately, the original Globe Theatre burnt to the ground during a performance of Shakespeare’s Henry VIII in 1613. The new Globe Theatre opened in 1997. It is located on Bankside, about 183 m from the original site. It was the first building with a thatched roof allowed to be built in London since the Great Fire of 1666.
Similar to the original, the stage of the new Globe Theatre extends into a large circular yard, which is surrounded by three tiers of very steep seating. The most expensive seats are covered. All others are exposed, which is why plays are held here only during the summer months. Additional standing room is available at a very low cost for those who don’t mind remaining erect during the production.
Questions
With what name is the Globe Theatre associated?
Where is the Globe Theatre located?
Why are plays held only during the summer months?
Personal Project
How many theatres are there in your city? Choose one of them and find out more about it.

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