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Hawaii Best of the worlds Hawaii is the newest of the 50 U.S. states, and is the only U.S. state made up entirely of islands. It occupies most of an archipelago in the central Pacific Ocean, southwest of the continental United States, southeast of Japan, and northeast of Australia. The capital and the largest city is Honolulu. Major cities are Hilo, Kailua, Kaneohe. The most developed island is Oahu. The official nickname is the Aloha State. Oahu (Oahu) is the most populated of the Hawaiian Islands. Honolulu and the famous Waikiki beach are situated on it. The palace of Hawaii's kings Iolani with the statue of Kamehameha, the founder of the royal dynasty is located there. Oahu is a naval base of Pearl Harbor was bombed without a declaration of war by the planes of Japanese aircraft carriers on December 7, 1941. On that day, President Roosevelt announced the U.S. entry into World War II. Activity Backbone of the economy based on tourism and service industries. On the islands there are a lot of resorts, historic and natural attractions, including part of the system of national parks. Major industries are sugar and fruit-canning. Best land is occupied by plantations of export crops: pineapples, sugar cane, coffee, sisal, banana, guava. Macadamia nuts are also produced there. Home consumer culture is Fig. Underwater world Besides the beaches, tourists are also atracted by the rare beauty of the underwater world. Hawaiian Islands as a diving area are ranked fourth in the world in popularity. Every year 60,000 divers come here and another 55,000 are trained directly on the islands. Currently in Hawaii there are 60 well-equipped dive centers. Because the islands are of volcanic origin, the underwater world of Hawaii is able to surprise even the seasoned divers. Hardened lava formed a gigantic caves and grottoes, huge arches and columns and an endless maze of tunnels called lava tubes. Incredible variety of corals and over 600 species of tropical fish, a third of which are endemic - another characteristic of Hawaii. Food Hawaii is a paradise for gourmets. Hawaii is famous for fruits and seafood, and therefore of national dishes in the first place it is recommended to try: "lomilomi - chopped raw salmon with red tomatoes," laulau - fish or pork wrapped in leaves of plants of the tee and steamed, pipikaula " - Spicy beef, "ulu" - roasted breadfruit, opakapaka - pink snapper with a sauce of three kinds of caviar . Clothes Hawaiians were making clothes, which were the basis of Asian subjects. It is this bright clothing was the predecessor of the modern Hawaiian attire. Since 30 years, the islanders decided to create their own clothing, which would be based on the symbolism of their vegetation. Climate The climate of Hawaii is tropical. The average annual temperature is 18-25 degrees Celsius. Rainfall of 4000 mm per year. There are tropical rainforests and savannahs. Dance "hula" is a traditional Hawaiian dance performed by the roar of the drums. It was originally a dance of the priestesses. With the arrival of white colonists it was banned. Later it became one of the mandatory items entertainment of tourists. Hawaii is the most remote inhabited place on Earth. In the North-Western Isles over 7,000 species of marine creatures can be found, a quarter of them are found nowhere else in the world. One of these is the monk seal with a population of 1400 individuals. This island is also a haven for almost all living species on Earth green sea turtles, which are threatened with extinction. The Hawaiian alphabet consists of 12 letters: 5 vowels (A, E, I, O, U) and 7 consonants (H, K, L, M, N, P, W). Iolani Palace, located in downtown Honolulu, is the only royal palace in the United States. Places of Interest Niihau is a "forbidden island" of Hawaii. It is privately owned. The island's population is 230 people. Robinson family owns the island, whose ancestors bought the island from King Kamehameha IV more than a century ago. You can visit the island only if you have an invitation from a family member or a Robinson native Hawaiians living on Niihau. Niihau Вibliography http://ru.wikipedia.org/ http://www.russian-hawaii.ru/ http://www.a-island.ru/islands/hawai/ http://www.uniqueworld.ru/hawai.html http://www.to-hawaii.com/ru/niihau.php The project is done by:Bobylev Aleksandr,Boyko Anastasia,Zyuzina Ekaterina,Basova Valeria. 10 «А»