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Quality Health Education Responding to Client Needs Presentation Objectives Identify the leading causes of death and their risk factorsDescribe the role of health education in relation to self-actualization achievementDiscuss strategies for ensuring the delivery of quality health educationDescribe CSULA Student Health Center health education services The Link between Behavior and Health Leading Causes ofDeath & Their Risk Factors Leading causes of death (United States, 2005)*Heart Disease: 652,091Cancer: 559,312Stroke (cerebrovascular diseases): 143,579Chronic lower respiratory diseases: 130,933Accidents (unintentional injuries): 117,809Diabetes: 75,119Alzheimer’s disease: 71,599Influenza/pneumonia: 63,001Nephritis, etc.: 43,901Septicemia: 34,136Risk factorsBehaviors, attitudes & beliefs, health conditions, socioeconomic status, environmental influences and other factors that may negatively impact health statusLifestyle (i.e., behavior) is the primary risk factor for the 20 top killersInactivity, poor diet, behaviors that cause accidents, unsafe sex, etc. *National Center for Health Statistics (CDC) Leading Causes of Death in Children and AdolescentsAccidentsHeart diseaseCancerHomicide Birth defectsSuicide Personal Health Health and Wellness HealthMedical modelAbsence of death, disease, discomfort, disability, and dissatisfactionEnvironmental modelHealth is influenced by environmental factors including socioeconomic status (SES) and physical environmentHolistic modelHealth is a dynamic interaction between an individual’s physical, emotional, spiritual, intellectual, social, and environmental wellbeing Personal Health Three central ideas of personal healthGood health requires taking responsibility for one’s health and making “deliberate” choices and taking deliberate action to be healthySelf-efficacyThe conviction that a person can successfully change his or her behavior in relation to a desired resultSelf-efficacy influencesTarget behaviors and situations; Amount of effort given; Length of time devoted to change efforts; PerceptionsGood health involves an interaction of the various dimensions of wellnessCommitment to good health is a necessary for having a happy, fulfilling, and productive life Health Framework for California Public Schools: Kindergarten Through Grade Twelve (Health Framework) Health Literacy Defined as..“The capacity of an individual to obtain, interpret, and understand basic health information and services and the competence to use such information and services in ways that are health-enhancing.”Key componentsAcceptance of personal responsibility for lifelong healthRespect for and promotion of the health of othersAn understanding of the process of growth and developmentInformed use of health-related information, products, and services Health Framework Health Literacy Health literate individualsAccept personal responsibility for lifelong healthCommitted to healthy living; acknowledge control; apply health knowledgeRespect and promote the health of othersUnderstand and acknowledge: the impact of their behavior on others; influence of individuals on the environment; how the environment can affect healthUnderstand the process of growth and developmentUnderstand and acknowledge common and unique aspects of growth and development; respect othersUse health-related information, products, and services in an informed mannerWise healthcare consumers Health Framework Ensuring Quality in Health Education Education and Credentialing Health education settingsHealthcare and social assistance settings (50%)State and local government (20%)EducationEntry level minimum requirement is a bachelor’s degree in health education or a related areaMaster’s degree is preferred or required depending on settingMaster of Public Health (MPH)Master of Science, Public Health (MSPH)Master of Arts (MA) or Master of Science (MS) in a related areaDoctoral degree required for administrative and tenure track teaching positionsDoctor of Public Health (DrPH)Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.)Credentialing and certificationsRequired or preferred depending on settingCertified Health Education SpecialistNational Commission of Health Education Credentialing, Inc.Related to job function Bureau of Labor Statistics (U.S. Department of Labor) Health Education Programming National Cancer Institute Health educators must be able to apply key models and theories to their work Health Education Programming National Cancer Institute Making Changes If you’re not thinking about making a changeGet educated; do a self-assessment; reevaluateIf you have been thinking about itGet more info & weigh the pros and consIf you’re ready to take actionChoose a target behaviorSelect one or two related behaviors to changeSet SMART goals to improve your chances of successSpecific, Measurable, Attainable/healthy, Rewarding, Time orientedShaping: Set mini goals and take it one step at a timeDevelop a realistic planMap out how you will get from point ‘A’ to point ‘B’Get the support of friends and familyThink about solutions to potential barriersIf you’ve started taking actionRevisit your goals and change planMake necessary modificationsIf you’re trying to maintain a changeFind fun and creative ways to maintain positive behaviorsRelapse happens – be preparedGet help Conclusion Resources Health education as an occupationBureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Laborhttp://www.bls.gov/oco/ocos063.htm Health education credentialingNational Cancer Institute, National Institutes of HealthTheory at a Glance – A Guide for Health Promotion Practicehttp://www.cancer.gov/theory.pdfHealth education theoryNational Cancer Institute, National Institutes of HealthTheory at a Glance – A Guide for Health Promotion Practicehttp://www.cancer.gov/theory.pdf