Конспект урока по теме:»Christmas»


Муниципальное автономное общеобразовательное учреждение МАОУ лицей 97г. Челябинск
Конспект урока по английскому языку в 5 классе«Рождество в Великобритании»
учитель английского языка
Коршунова Светлана Николаевна
Челябинск
2013
Тип урока: обобщение и систематизация знаний по темам: “Christmas” , “Present Progressive”
Вид урока: урок-путешествие.
Цель урока: формирование целостного представления о культуре, традициях разных народов мира на примере традиций празднования Рождества в Великобритании и России.
Задачи:
Обучающие:
выявление уровня умений использования изученной английской лексики в устной и письменной речи; активизация лексических навыков по данной теме;
обобщение изученного материала по теме «Рождество»;
тренировка навыков аудирования.
Развивающие:
развитие коммуникативных навыков, познавательных интересов, речи и творческих способностей  обучающихся; умения классифицировать и выявлять связи;
развитие эстетического вкуса, мышления, аккуратности, точности и терпения.
Воспитательные:
воспитание у обучающихся интереса и уважения к культуре и традициям страны изучаемого языка (Великобритании);
воспитание уважительного отношения друг к другу;
создание условий для реальной самооценки обучающихся.
Оборудование: мультимедийный проектор, компьютер, диск с музыкой и песнями, раздаточный материал, карточки-опоры, иллюстрации по теме «Зима», «Рождество», жетоны для самооценки.Оформление: рождественская елка, бумажные игрушки для ёлки, рождественский чулок с хлопушками.
Учебник: Биболетова М.З. “Enjoy English” 5 класс
ХОД УРОКА
1. Организационный этап
 Good morning. We are very glad to see you. Today we are going to tell you about a wonderful winter holiday. It is Christmas. In many countries of the world, the celebration of Christmas on December 25th is a high point of the year.
2. Мотивационный этап
Звучит песня “WE WISH YOU A MERRY CHRISTMAS”
WE WISH YOU A MERRY CHRISTMAS
We wish you a merry Christmas
We wish you a merry Christmas
We wish you a merry Christmas
And a happy New Year.Glad tidings we bring
To you and your kin;
We wish you a merry Christmas
And a happy New Year.Now bring us some figgy pudding
Now bring us some figgy pudding
Now bring us some figgy pudding
And a cup of good cheer
Glad tidings we bring
To you and your kin;
We wish you a merry Christmas
And a happy New Year!
We won’t go until we get some
We won’t go until we get some
We won’t go until we get some
So bring some out here
Glad tidings we bring
To you and your kin;
We wish you a merry Christmas
And a happy New Year!
We wish you a merry Christmas
We wish you a merry Christmas
We wish you a merry Christmas
And a happy New Year.Glad tidings we bring
To you and your kin;
We wish you a merry Christmas
And a happy New Year.When do people perform this song? Let’s translate it.
(We wish you a merry Christmas — популярный светский рождественский гимн. Появился в XVI веке в Юго-Западной Англии. Происхождение этого рождественского гимна восходит к английской традиции, где богатые люди общества давали рождественские подарки поющим гимны христославам в Сочельник. Это один из немногих традиционных английских рождественских гимнов, в котором упоминается празднование Нового года. Эта песня являлась последней, которую христославы пели людям.)3. Знакомство с целями и задачами урока
Учитель английского языка: Today we’ll have an unusual lesson of travelling – we’ll visit the Christmas party in Great Britain and the New Year party in Russia. Сегодня мы с вами совершим путешествие в Великобританию и увидим, как там принято отмечать Рождество, и сравним с традициями празднования Нового Года в России. В наше путешествие мы возьмём хорошее, праздничное настроение, умение работать в парах, говорить и писать на английском языке, а также ваше умение оценивать себя.А теперь обратите внимание на таблицу, по которой каждый из вас должен будет оценить себя в конце нашего урока – путешествия.
Excellent! Отлично.
Good. Хорошо.
Try! Старайся.
4. Let’s recite some poems about Christmas.
CHRISTMAS MESSAGEI like the bells on Christmas DayTheir old familiar cards playAnd wild and sweetThe words repeatOf peace on earth, good will to men
CHRISTMAS DAYSChristmas days are white with snow,The winds are laughing as they blow.Across the ponds and lakes we glide,And over the drifting snow we rideAnd down the hills we gaily slideAnd shout with all our might:“Merry Christmas!”
5. Проверка домашнего задания, актуализация знаний
Учитель английского языка: Мы начинаем наше путешествие со станции «Проверяй-ка» –  “Let’s check”Давайте проверим, как вы подготовились к нашей викторине. Каждый вопрос викторины сопровождается слайдом мультимедиапрезентации.
What kind of holiday is Christmas?
Christmas is a great religious holiday. It has its history. Mary and Joseph were Christ's parents. They went to Bethlehem. Their way was dangerous and very long. It was getting darker and darker. They didn't know where to go. A lot of bright stars appeared in the sky. Suddenly Mary saw a cave. At last they found a place where Mary gave a birth to her child. He was a boy. Many bright stars appeared in the sky when Christ was born. But among them was the biggest and the brightest star that showed the way to his place of birth. A lot of people came to see him. They brought many presents.
2 . When do the British people celebrate Christmas?
(December 25)
3.What country gives the Christmas tree to the Londoners every year? ( The spruce Christmas tree is a thank-you gift to the people of London from the people of Oslo for British assistance in defeating Germany in WWII. The tradition began in 1947. The plaque reads:This tree is given by the city of Oslo as a token of Norwegian gratitude to the people of London for their assistance during the years 1940-45.
4.Where does the Christmas tree stand in London? (Trafalgar Square)
5.What country gave us the tradition to decorate the Christmas tree? (The Germans are believed to be the first to use the Christmas tree in their celebrations, and Martin Luther was the first to place a star on the top of the tree. This star represent the star that appeared over the stable in which Christ was born. In Great Britain the Christmas tree became popular when Queen Victoria used it. Besides the Christmas tree, holly and mistletoe are used to decorate the house.)
6.Are there many skating rinks in London? (A lot of)
7.Why do groups of singers perform Christmas carols in the streets and squares? (Carol singing is an essential part of Christmas. No church or school is without its carol service. Carols may be traditional or by known composers they can express different feelings. Carols appeared in Christmas history about the fifteenth century. Usually children come around in the evening to the front doors and start singing carols and the people living in these houses give children candies, nuts, pies and so on, to thank them for carol singing.)
8.Who visits the children on Christmas Eve? (Santa Claus got his name from a man known as St. Nickolas who lived inAsia in the fourth century. He gave his wealth to the poor and often to children. After he died the Dutch brought this legend to colonial America. Soon the Dutch name Sinter Kluas becameSanta Claus.)
9. Where does Santa Claus put Christmas presents?
(On the eve of the Christmas children hang their stockings so thatSanta Claus could put presents into them : oranges, sweets, nuts and if the child didn't behave properly Santa Clause can put there a piece of coal as punishment.
10. What is the traditional Christmas food? (The dinner includes the roast beef of old England, the more modern turkey or goose with chestnut stuffing and roast potatoes and traditional Christmas pudding (usually plum pudding).
11.How do the British people prepare for Christmas?
Учитель предлагает учащимся оценить свою работу на данной станции в соответствии с «Цветограммой».
6. Let’s decorate our Christmas tree.
На доске бумажная ёлка. Дети достают бумажные игрушки, называют их и прикрепляют на магниты к ёлке. ( A star, an orange, a sweet etc.)
7. Match the words:
Decorate ’’Merry Christmas’’
Send Turkey
Buy Eve
Wish Christmas
Celebrate Postcards
Skating Christmas tree
Sing Presents
Christmas Rink
Roast carols
8. Is it true or false? Correct the false sentences. ( стр. 73 упр. 69 учебник)
Christmas is an important autumn holiday for the Christmas.
Every year Londoners get a present from the people of Norway.
There is a big Christmas tree in the centre of London in December.
Groups of singers skate on the skating rink to collect money.
People get a lot of presents on Christmas Day.
Christmas dinner consists only of fruit and vegetables.
9. Let’s watch the cartoon “The Magic Christmas Star” and answer the question What did the little bear get for Christmas?
10. Let’s speak about Christmas in Russia. (На доске рождественский чулок. Дети достают хлопушки с вопросами и отвечают на них по очереди)
1. When do the Russian people celebrate Christmas?
2. Do you like to decorate Christmas tree?
3. The most popular New Year song in Russia?
4. Do you like to get presents?
5. Where does Ded Moroz live?
6. Where does Ded Moroz put his presents?
7. Do you write letters to Ded Moroz?
(Дети заранее готовят картинки с изображением Великого Устюга и Деда Мороза и рассказывают о нем.)
Veliky Ustyug is the homeland of Ded Moroz, a town in Vologda Oblast, Russia, located at the confluence of the Sukhona and Yug Rivers. Population - 32.048 (2008). Veliky Ustyug was founded in 1147 in the mouth of the Yug river. It served as a stronghold of the northern Russian borders.
In the middle of the 16th century Ustyug stopped being a front-line fortress and lost its military significance. The trade significance of Ustyug increased so much that tsar Ivan the Terrible inscribed it in the list of oprichnina towns and cities. At this period Ustyug got a status “Veliky” or “Great” for its contribution to development of Russian trade.
In the 17th century rich merchants of Ustyug erected and decorated numerous churches and stone buildings. Just the architecture became a “visiting card” of the town. There are many wonderful architectural monuments on the banks of the Sukhona river: the Ascension church, built in 1648, the Prokopiev cathedral, erected in 1668, the majestic Assumption cathedral of the 18th century. Downstream the ensemble of the Troitse-Gledensky monastery is situated, its iconostasis is accepted in the world as a masterpiece of icon painting.
Veliky Ustyug is famous for its land-discoverers. In the 17th century Semyon Dezhnyov discovered a strait between Asia and America. Far Eastern city Khabarovsk is named after the citizen of Veliky Ustyug Erofey Khabarov, who made a map of the territory around the Amur river.
Today Veliky Ustyug is famous for the works of the worldwide known plant “Northern Niello”, the factory “Traceries of Veliky Ustyug”, which preserved folk craft of the 18th century, - the birch-bark and wood carving.
Not far from Veliky Ustyug “The Ethel of Ded Moroz” is situated. The fairy person replies children letters from the whole Russia, receipts visitors, and on New Year he makes a trip about the country, finishing it in Moscow.
10. Let’s make up sentences in Present Continuous tense. (Ученики смотрят на картинки и составляют предложения)
They are decorating Christmas tree. (стр.74 упр.74)
11. Let’s summarize all we know about Christmas. Look at the pictures of the screen and describe them.
(Picture № 1.) On the 25th of December the British people celebrate Christmas. It’s a big holiday and there are lots of Christmas traditions in Britain.
(На основе текста упр. 68 стр. 72)
13. From November onwards, it is impossible to forget that Christmas is coming. Coloured lights decorate many town centers and shops, along with shiny artificial snow painted on shop windows. In streets and shops, “Christmas trees” (real or plastic evergreen “conifer” trees) are also decorated with lights and Christmas ornaments.
Let’s watch the film about London during Christmas days.
14. Many children write letters to Santa Claus. Let’s read one of them and write our letters to him.
Sally Smith
123 Maple Lane
Cleveland, OH 44124
December 24, 2012
Dear Santa Claus,
My name is Sally and I am 5 years old. I have been a very good girl this year. I help Mommy wash the dishes every night, and I listen to Daddy when he tells me to clean my room. I am also nice to my little brother, even though he can be really annoying sometimes.
Thank you for all the presents last year. They were all really nice, and I played with all of them a lot. This year I would like a jump rope, a kitten, and a new bike. I really really want the bike.
Please give my love to Mrs. Claus, the elves, and all the reindeer, especially Rudolph. I will leave some carrots for the reindeer next to your milk and cookies.
Love,
Sally
Now let’s write a letter to Santa Claus.
15. What books do the children read during Christmas days? They like to read books by Oscar Wilde. Let’s watch the cartoon “The Happy Prince”
"Dear little Swallow," said the Prince, "you tell me of marvellous things, but more marvellous than anything is the suffering of men and of women. There is no Mystery so great as Misery. Fly over my city, little Swallow, and tell me what you see there."
So the Swallow flew over the great city, and saw the rich making merry in their beautiful houses, while the beggars were sitting at the gates. He flew into dark lanes, and saw the white faces of starving children looking out listlessly at the black streets. Under the archway of a bridge two little boys were lying in one another's arms to try and keep themselves warm. "How hungry we are!" they said. "You must not lie here," shouted the Watchman, and they wandered out into the rain.
Then he flew back and told the Prince what he had seen. "I am covered with fine gold," said the Prince, "you must take it off, leaf by leaf, and give it to my poor; the living always think that gold can make them happy."
Leaf after leaf of the fine gold the Swallow picked off, till the Happy Prince looked quite dull and grey. Leaf after leaf of the fine gold he brought to the poor, and the children's faces grew rosier, and they laughed and played games in the street. "We have bread now!" they cried.
16. Let’s read the extract of the book “A Christmas Carol” by Charles Dickens.
It was Christmas Eve in London. The bells in the church were ringing all day long, the candles in the shop windows were lit and you could see people walking quickly through the snow-covered streets. That special feeling which people only seem to have at Christmas was everywhere. Everywhere, that is, except in one place.
            There was one office, with the name Scrooge and Marley painted across the window. Two men were in it, working, without smiles on their faces. There was a small fire in the fireplace. Ebenezer Scrooge, the owner, did not like to spend money so the fire stayed small. Scrooge thought it was a waste of money to put more coal on the fire. His clerk, Bob Cratchit, was sitting at his desk writing letters, trying to keep his hands warm by the heat of his candle. Suddenly, the door opened and the cold and wind from outside filled the room. A young man with red cheeks, curly dark hair and a friendly smile stood in the doorway. «Merry Christmas, Uncle! Merry Christmas, Bob. Bob Cratchit looked up for a moment.
            «Merry Christmas to you, sir.»            Scrooge pointed his crooked finger at Bob Cratchit.
            «Get back to work, and keep your ‘Merry Christmas’ to yourself! As for you, Fred, I have two words for Christmas: Bah! Humbug!»            Fred, Scrooge’s nephew, came into the shop and closed the door. He never let the smile leave his face.
            «Uncle, why do you call Christmas ‘humbug’? It’s the one holiday when people open their hearts and truly feel kind towards others. Even you can see that.»            Scrooge got up from his desk. He had small, round glasses sitting on the end of his nose. His face was red with anger and he frowned as he spoke.
            «I’ll tell you what I see. I see people spending more money than they have. I see work stopping and money lost for a day that is just like any other day! If I could, I would cancel Christmas and make everyone work twice as hard.»            «But the fact is, Uncle, only butchers and bakers work on Christmas Day. So my wife and I want you to come and have Christmas dinner with us.»Then the snow came, and after the snow came the frost. The streets looked as if they were made of silver, they were so bright and glistening; long icicles like crystal daggers hung down from the eaves of the houses, everybody went about in furs, and the little boys wore scarlet caps and skated on the ice.
And do you know the end of the story?
17. Подведение итогов
Учитель английского языка: - Итак, наше путешествие подходит к концу. Мы на станции «Конечная».Посмотрите на результаты  вашей личной «Цветограммы» и в соответствии с ней оцените свою работу на уроке.

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