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Made by Kochev DmitryTeacher: Travkina O.V.Lvovskaya school №4 2010 Overview Hollywood is a district in Los Angeles, situated to the north-west of Los Angeles Downtown. Due to its fame and cultural identity as the historical center of movie studios, the word "Hollywood" is often used as a symbol of American cinema. Today, much of the movie industry has disseminated into surrounding areas such as the Westside neighborhood, but significant auxiliary industries, such as editing, effects, props, post-production and lighting companies, remain in Hollywood, as does the back lot of Paramount Pictures. Film making in the greater Los Angeles area preceded the establishment of film making in Hollywood. The “Biograph Company” shot the short film “A Daring Hold-Up in Southern California” in Los Angeles in 1906.The first studio in the Los Angeles area was established by the Selig Polyscope Company in Edendale, the construction beginning in August 1909. The History of the Movie Empire By 1920 Hollywood had become world famous as the center of the United States film industry. From the 1920s to the 1940s a large percentage of transportation to and from Hollywood was by means of the red cars of the Pacific Electric Railway. Hollywood movie studios, 1922. In 1952 CBS built its Television City on the corner of Fairfax Avenue and Beverly Boulevard on the former site of Gilmore Stadium. CBS's expansion into the Fairfax District pushed the unofficial boundary of Hollywood further south than it had been. CBS's slogan for the shows taped there was "From Television City in Hollywood..." The Hollywood Walk of Fame was created in 1958 as a tribute to artists working in the entertainment industry and the first embedded star on the walk - honoring actress Joanne Woodward - was set in place on February 9, 1960. Honorees receive a star based on career and lifetime achievements in motion pictures, theatre, radio, television, and music, as well as their charitable and civic contributions. The Kodak Theatre is a live theatre in the Hollywood and Highland retail, dining, and entertainment complex on Hollywood Boulevard and North Highland Avenue. Since its opening on November 9, 2001 the theatre has been the home of the annual Academy Awards Ceremonies (The Oscars), which were first held there in March 2002 and is the first permanent home for the awards. Since 2002 the theater has also been the home for American Idol show. Academy Awards in Kodak Cinema, 2009 The Grand Staircase entrance columns hall to the Kodak Theatre is flanked by columns displaying the names of winners of the Academy Awards for Best Picture since 1927-1928, with blank spaces left for future Best Picture winners well into the 21st century. Still a visitor during the rest of the year might have a hard time recognizing the landmark. On special occasions the building is "dressed" before the ceremony. The sign may be changed , drapery is used to hide all the storefronts and the famous large red carpet is laid. Hollywood Now. Famous Buildings The famous Capitol Records building on Vine St. just north of Hollywood Boulevard was built in 1956. The building houses offices and recording studios which are not open to the public, but its circular design looks like a stack of 7-inch (180 mm) vinyl records. Hollywood Now. Famous Buildings Hollywood High School has over 500 notable graduates or attendees, including: Mike Holmes, William Shockley, inventor, Nobel Prize laureate in Physics; Richard Halsey, Film Editor, A.C.E., Oscar Winner. Hollywood High School is a Los Angeles Unified School District. High school is located on the intersection of Highland Avenue and Sunset Boulevard. Hollywood Now. Famous Buildings The Grauman's Chinese Theatre is a movie theater. It is located along the historic Hollywood Walk of Fame. The Chinese Theatre was founded to follow the success of the nearby Grauman's Egyptian Theatre which opened in 1922. There are nearly 200 Hollywood celebrity handprints, footprints, and autographs in the concrete of the theater's forecourt. Hollywood Now. Famous Buildings Hollywood Now. Famous Buildings The Hollywood Bowl is a famous modern amphitheatre in the Hollywood area, that is used primarily for music performances. It has a seating capacity of 17,376. The Hollywood Bowl is well known for its band shell, a distinctive set of concentric arches. The shell is set against the backdrop of the Hollywood Hills and the famous Hollywood Sign to the Northeast. At the same time the new shell was being constructed. The bowl received four new video screens and towers. During most concerts the three remotely-operated cameras in the shell and the fourth manually-operated camera among the box seats provide the audience with close-up views of the musicians. Paramount Pictures is a American film production and distribution company, located at 5555 Melrose Avenue. It is America's oldest existing film studio; it is also the last major film studio still headquartered in the Hollywood district of Los Angeles. Paramount is consistently ranked as one of the top grossing movie studios. Studio made the first four Rambo films, Basic Instinct, Terminator 2: Judgment Day, Angel Heart, Total Recall, L.A. Story, and The Doors, Willy Wonka & the Chocolate Factory. It is the first company that first published their films on HD DVD and BluRay. The company is also known for large scale advertising campaigns for its films. Hollywood Now. Famous Film Studios Universal Studios is the second longest-lived Hollywood studio; Viacom-owned Paramount Pictures is a month older. The company owns a great collection of TV shows. The studio also fostered a number of series: “The Dead End Kids and Little Tough Guys” action features and serials, the comic adventures of infant Baby Sandy, Hugh Herbert comedies , horror thrillers with Frankenstein, Dracula, Basil Rathbone and Nigel Bruce in Sherlock Holmes mysteries, teenage musicals with Gloria Jean, Donald O'Connor and Peggy Ryan, “The Wolfman”, “The Invisible Man”, and “The Mummy” . Hollywood Now. Famous Film Studios Warner Brothers Pictures is the third largest American producer of film and television entertainment. It was famous by its animation series (Looney Tunes, Tom and Jerry, The Flintstones, Yogi Bear, Hong Kong Phooey, Scooby-Doo, Top Cat, Wally Gator, Wacky Races, The Smurfs) and films (“The Wizard of Oz”, «Rush Hour», «Friday the 13th», «Dumb and Dumber», «Terminator» and mega-famous Star Wars) The first important deal for the company was the acquisition of the rights to Avery Hopwood's 1919 Broadway play, The Gold Diggers. However, what really put Warner Brothers on the Hollywood map was the dog, Rin Tin Tin, brought from France after World War I by an American soldier. Rin Tin Tin debuted in the short. It was so successful that Jack Warner agreed to sign the dog to star in more short films for $1,000 per week. Hollywood Now. Famous Film Studios Columbia Pictures Industries, Inc. is one of the leading film companies in the world, a member of the so-called Big Six. The studio is located in 6121 Sunset Boulevard, Hollywood. It is famous for its blockbusters such as "Spider-Man", "Men in Black II" and "xXx", "Spider-Man 2", "50 First Dates and The Grudge", "The Da Vinci Code", "The Pursuit of Happiness" and "Casino Royale". The studio, founded in 1919 as Cohn-Brandt-Cohn Film Sales by brothers Jack and Harry Cohn and Joe Brandt, shot its first feature film in August 1922. The studio is also famous for Columbia's logo, a lady carrying a torch and drapped in the American flag. Hollywood Now. Famous Film Studios