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* * Think of the future! How You Help the Earth N.V.Aleksandrycheva Lyceum 87 * Think of the future! * Aims To introduce and increase awareness of an environmental topic. To practice reading & stimulate discussion. To explore personal values & feelings about endangered species. * Think of the future! * TOPICS Problems for the Environment. Day of Earth. Air and Water Pollution. Acid Rain. The Greenhouse Effect. The Ozone Hole. Too Much Garbage. Disappearing Animals. Language Focus. * Think of the future! * Pledge of Allegiance to the Earth. I pledge allegiance to the Earth and to the flora and fauna and human life it supports; One planet, indivisible, with safe air, water and soil; Economic justice, equal rights and peace for all. * Think of the future! * Problems for the Environment. The Earth is 4,600 million years old. Modern man has lived on the Earth for only 35,000 years but, in that time, we have changed our planet in many ways. Many of the things that we have done are good, but many, many more are not good for the Earth. * Think of the future! * Earth Day is International Holiday April 22 is a special day around the world. On that day inhabitants of the Earth celebrate Earth Day. The first Earth Day was held in the U.S. in April 1970.Earth Day is a time when many people show that they care for our fragile planet. They show concern about the threats the planet faces – destruction of the rain forest, holes in the ozone layer, the greenhouse effect, too much garbage, and all forms of air and water pollution. It is a day for people to learn what they can do to preserve the planer Earth. * Think of the future! * Earth Day is International Holiday On April 22 the children of our lyceum take part in Action ”Parks’ marching”, planting trees, cleaning and drawing pictures on the pavement. * Think of the future! * Air Pollution Until about 150 years ago, the air was pure and clean — perfect for the people and animals of the earth to breathe.Then people started building factories which polluted the air. The factories and many of the things they make, like cars, put a lot of harmful gases. The air filled with pollution is called ”smog”. * Think of the future! * Air Pollution People started driving cars, which added more pollution to the air. Today the air is so polluted in some places that it's not always safe to breathe! * Think of the future! * Air Pollution Polluted air is not only bad for people and animals, but for trees and other plants, it's even damaging farmers' crops — the food we eat. So it's very important for us to clean up the air we all breathe.Everyone Can Help Keep our air clean and safe. Action “We’re against air pollution” * Think of the future! * Water Pollution The planet Earth is mostly water. All life on Earth — from the smallest bug to the biggest whale — depends on the water. It's precious. But we're not doing a very good job of keeping water clean. In many places, the water has become polluted.Rivers and lakes are polluted by garbage, or by poisonous chemicals which are dumped right into them.Underground water can be polluted by gasoline or other harmful liquids that seep into the ground. Some fertilizers and pesticides used on farms or lawns leak down through the dirt, too. * Think of the future! * A lot of ocean areas are polluted by oil tankers. Plants, animals and fish are disappearing. * Think of the future! * OUR MISSIONWe need to save our water, to keep it clean and healthy so people, plants and animals will always have something to drink. Keep it clean and healthy — turn to Preserving Our Oceans, Rivers, Lakes, and Streams. Action “Help the river” * Think of the future! * Days “The Bolshaya Volga” in N.N. * Think of the future! * Action “Help the River” * Think of the future! * Acid Rain Acid rain destroys plants, rivers, lakes, and buildings. It comes from sulphur in coal and oil. When they burn, they make sulphur dioxide (SO2). It mixes with water in the air and becomes sulphuric acid (H2S04). * Think of the future! * Acid rain can travel thousands of miles, so pollution in one country can become acid rain in another. * Think of the future! * The results of the acid rains * Think of the future! * The Greenhouse Effect The Earth is surrounded by a blanket of invisible gases (carbon dioxide) that act just like a greenhouse. The sun shines in, and the blanket of gases traps the heat like a roof, keeping it close to the planet. Factories, electric power plants, and cars are producing a lot of new gases. Even trees, when they're cut down, give off the gases! These new gases are trapping more and more of the sun's heat. This is called the greenhouse effect, or global warming. * Think of the future! * WHAT CAN HAPPEN If the earth's temperature gets hotter by just a few degrees, it could change the weather all over the planet in big ways. Every kid can help stop the greenhouse effect by using less energy, protecting and planting trees, and by recycling so factories don't need to work as hard making things. * Think of the future! * Too Much Garbage When you throw something away, it goes in a garbage can. Once a week the garbage truck comes and the can is emptied. But what do you think happens to the garbage then? Does it just disappear? No way! Most of our garbage is just buried. Now we are making so much garbage that in many places, there is not enough room to bury it all. * Think of the future! * T00 MUCH GARBAGE. OUR MISSION We have to act fast and cut down the amount of garbage and clean the place where we live. Action “Cleaning our park & school yard from garbage” * Think of the future! * Do you know how much time the litter lasts? * Think of the future! * We can recycle (which means re-using materials instead of throwing them away) and precycle (which means not buying things that can't be re-used, like plastic wrapping and other packaging). If we recycle and precycle we will produce a lot less garbage, and help keep our planet green! Recycling * Think of the future! * Recycling c. Old clothing e. Aluminum, Glass h. Boxes, Plastic bottles Saving … Reducing… gg ggg Green man’s house “Green man’s” house * Think of the future! * Action”Plastic bottles for recycling” At the At the recycling shop * Think of the future! * The Ozone Hole Up in the sky, above the air we breathe, there's a layer of gas called ozone. It helps us by blocking out rays from the sun that can harm our skin, and by letting the rays that are good for us come through. We're lucky to have the ozone to protect us! * Think of the future! * WHAT'S HAPPENING Now the ozone layer is being damaged by gases that people have made. The gases are called CFCs, and halons. They are used in refrigerators, fire extinguishers, air conditioners, plastic foam, and some other things. The CFCs float up to the top of the atmosphere, where the layer of ozone is, and "eat up" the ozone. * Think of the future! * Our Mission Scientists are very concerned about the ozone layer, because a lot of it has gone away in just a few years. So it's very important that we learn to do something about it. We should reduce using aerosol products. * Think of the future! * DISAPPEARING ANIMALS Every day, there are more and more people living on the Earth. All these people need room to live. So they move into places that are already homes for plants and animals. Forests are cut down, and wild areas are filled with houses and stores. The plants and animals that live there can become endangered There's no place for them to live, they begin to disappear. Some even become extinct — which means that they all die out, and are gone from the Earth forever. * Think of the future! * WHAT CAN HAPPEN We enjoy pictures and stories about the dinosaurs who lived on the earth many millions of years ago. They're all extinct now. That could happen to elephants, zebras, redwood trees, frogs, butterflies, robins, or goldfish...or other animals, if we're not careful. * Think of the future! * OUR MISSION Let's keep the Earth green and healthy and full of millions of wonderful creatures! * Think of the future! * Can you help animals & birds? Yes! Preserving Our Oceans, Rivers, Lakes, and Streams, Protecting Animals, and Keeping the Earth Green. * Think of the future! * Action “Feeding-rack” The children are hanging the feeding-racks on the trees in the park * Think of the future! * Hope for future Ecological problems are very serious for our future, and we can do something now! In N. Novgorod they have already taken action to improve the environment. A.N.Kosarikov Head of Eco. Group in Duma Ecological Plan of N.Novgorod * Think of the future! * Many countries now use the wind, the sun and the sea to make electricity. In some cities you cannot drive your car on certain days. In other places they use electric cars and buses. There are also many other things we can do to Help Our Planet. * Think of the future! * Questions for discussion How old is the Earth? What is happening to our climate? What causes air & water pollution? What destroys the ozone layer? Why do the rain forests reduce? Why do the animals & plants extinct? * Think of the future! * Group the words Natural resources. Verbs to talk about destroying things. Words to talk about the environment. * Think of the future! * What will happen… If we don’t have enough water in future?If the air is not good outside?If we don’t have any coal, gas or oil?If cities grow to 100 million people?If there are too many cars?If the climate changes?If the ice melts? * Think of the future! * HIDDEN TREES Find the name of a tree hidden in each sentence. Sample: It's sad to see a man grovel when he should really stand up for his rights 1. Many people would rather use cash than credit cards. 2. The treasure map led us to the secret hiding place. 3. If the deal goes through, Tim will own his dream house. 4. There was a tiny top in Eddie's Crackerjack box. 5. Down near Oyster Bay, berry bushes were in blossom. * Think of the future! * Hug The Earth The earth is a garden. It's a beautiful place. For all living creatures, For all the human race. Helping Mother Earth We can peacefully roam. We all deserve a place We can call our home. L. Bayes.