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Mosques Made by Milan Ibragimova 11a form school 180 St-Petersburg New wordsProphet- пророкClergy- духовенство You know that Islam is the second most popular religion in the world with over a thousand million followers. Islam began in Saudi Arabia and was revealed to humanity by the Prophet Muhammad, a holy man who was born in A.D. 570 at Mecca, to whom God (Allah) told many things which are recorded in the Koran, the Holy Book of Islam, translated as “the word of God”. The Muslim building for worship is called a mosque. Very often Mosques have a doomed roof and a tall tower called a minaret. Muslims are called to prayer from the minaret. There are no pictures or statues in a mosque. They are decorated with patterns and words from the Koran. There is also little furniture there as Muslims use prayer mats for praying. They pray five times a day and face the direction of Mecca while praying. Muslims take off their shoes before entering the mosque and wash themselves to be clean to meet the God. The holy places for Muslims are Mecca, MedinaIf it is financially possible, Muslims are required to travel to Mecca at least once in their lifetime. Mecca is the birthplace of prophet Muhammad here, in the centre of the mosque there is a cube-shaped building called Kaaba. Kaaba is the holliest place for all Muslims. During the Hajj ceremony a Muslim walks seven times around the Kaaba and then he or she kisses and touches the Black Stone. the Black Stone. The Mosque is situated on Kronverk Prospect at the Petrogradskaya Side near the Troitsky Bridge. The Mosque is one of the centres of the Moslem Religious Community of St .Petersburg. The foundation stone of the Mosque was laid on the 3rd of February 1910. It was designed by the architects Nikolay Vasiliev, Stepan Krichinsky and Alexander Gogen.. The design of the Mosque was based on Middle-Asian Moslem architectural motives. The building of the Mosque is crowned with the huge ribbed dome Mosque includes two minarets. They are inseparable elements of this ensemble. From these towers the Moslems are called to prayer. The portals and the dome are decorated with festive tiles forming geometrical ornaments. The interior of the Mosque was created according to the traditions of Moslem architecture. The columns are faced with green artificial marble. The citations from the Koran are also engraved on the huge magnificent chandelier in the centre of the praying hall. The Heart of Chechnya Mosque, named after Akhmad Kadyrov, the first President of the Chechen Republic, is one of the largest mosques in Europe. It is able to accommodate more than 10,000 people. The total area of the Islamic complex is 14 acres. An additional 10,000 believers can also pray in the adjoining summer galleries and square. The height of the four (the highest in Russia) minarets, surrounding the Heart of Chechnya, is 63 meters.The exterior and interior walls of the mosque are decorated with marble. The Turkish masters, who painted patterns from the Quran on the walls of the mosque, used gold of the highest quality. In the mosque, there are eight chandeliers made of Swarovski crystals. DerbentHere the oldest mosque in Russia, built in 773, It was designed for the performance of general Friday prayers. After its construction, this mosque was considered one of the largest buildings in the city, having been restored after a late 14th century earthquake. In the 1930s, the mosque was closed during an atheistic campaign and then was used as the city jail. In the middle of the 20th century, the mosque was returned to the clergy of the city, and now the Juma Mosque is in the UNESCO Cultural Heritage Register.