План-конспект открытого урока английского языка в 8 классах ГБОУ СОШ с углубленным изучением английского языка и музыки № 368 “Лосиный остров”
Афониной Ирины Александровны, учителя английского языка
Тема урока: Secondary Education in Great Britain
Цели урока:Практические:Развитие коммуникативных умений в рамках предложенной темы
Совершенствовать навыки восприятия на слух иноязычного текста информационного характера
Совершенствовать навыки монологической и диалогической речи через беседу по теме
Развитие умений использовать изученные лексические единицы и грамматические структуры для решения конкретных коммуникативных задач
ОбразовательныеОбобщение знаний учащихся о системе образования страны изучаемого языка
Развитие познавательных способностей учащихся с помощью лингвострановедческой информации
Формирование творческого и критического мышления учащихся через дискуссию
Расширение кругозора учащихся за счет получения новых знаний по теме
Развитие понятийных форм мышления через освоение особенностей «языкового сознания» при работе с лексическим материалом
Развитие навыков логичности в построении иноязычных высказываний в ходе решения речевых задач
Совершенствование умения строить высказывания различных типов: сообщение, описание, согласие, несогласие.
Совершенствовать умение работать в коллективе: внимательно слушать собеседника, вежливо реагировать на просьбы и вопросы собеседника, вступать в общение.
Задачи урока:Активизировать лексику и лексико-грамматические конструкции
Выявить особенности образования в Великобритании.
Сравнить системы образования Великобритании и России
Совершенствовать навыки монологической и диалогической речи через беседу по теме.
Урок-дискуссия, обобщение с привлечением ролевых игр.
Good morning, dear boys and girls. I’m glad to see you. You’ve come here to practice listening and speaking English. Let’s do it! I ask you to be active, bright and emotional. Don’t be afraid of your mistakes because to err is human.
The main theme of our lesson is “Secondary Education in Great Britain”
We shall discuss the ways of learning in Britain, compare British and Russian system of education and speak about the problems of learning.
II. Повторение лексики по теме
Let’s revise our vocabulary. Could you explain the meaning of these words and word combinations and if you can give their synonyms:
to fail an exam
III. Построение схемы
You remember that our theme is: “Secondary Education in Great Britain”. Some facts about primary education you have already learnt. On the previous lessons you became to know more about secondary education from the text in your text books. Now let’s summarize our knowledge and add some information about “further education” in Great Britain.
Your task is: make a scheme of the system of education in Great Britain. I will ask you some questions. You should remember everything you know on the topic.
When do British children start schooling?
How do they call schools for five years old children?
Is primary school compulsory for children or not?
In what types of schools is primary education given in Britain?
At what age do children usually finish infant & junior schools?
After finishing primary school children go to secondary schools, don’t they?
What types of secondary school do you know?
How long can pupils stay in secondary schools?
When do they take their 1st public exam?
Where will children go after the fifth form if they decide to continue their education?
Is schooling in the sixth form compulsory in Britain?
What kind of exam do they take after the sixth form?
Where will children go after the fifth form if they decide to leave school?
I want to give you some information about “further educations” in Britain. After taking GCSE exam young people can take three ways:
They can continue their academic education in the sixth form & get GCE-A Level (General Certificate of Education Advanced level) and then enter the university they have chosen (The most popular way in Britain)
They can continue studying in a college, where they choose any practical course and get a diploma NVA (National Vocation Qualification) or S VA in Scotland. After that they can start working.
Mixed type education. Young people can get General National Vocation Qualification (GNVQ) or GSVA in Scotland and then they can start practical work or enter a university as well.
After that the education is considered to be higher. To get higher education young people go to the institute or college & after 3-4 years of studying they’ll get Bachelor-degree and if they study 1-2 years more – Master degree.
Now let’s make a scheme of the system of education in Great Britain to generalize your knowledge on the topic. Please, use these cards.
(Учащиеся по очереди выходят к доске и строят схему, используя приготовленные заранее карточки).
GCE-A Level(General Certificate of Education Advanced level
University or college
GNVQ (General National Vocation Qualification)
College of Further education
NVA (National Vocation Qualification
В итоге учащиеся строят на доске следующую схему:
EDUCATION IN GREAT BRITAINUNIVERSITY
NURSERY SCHOOL(3-4 YEARS)OPTIONAL
INFANT SCHOOL(4/5-7 YEARS)
JUNIOR SCHOOL(8-11 YEARS)11+ EXAM
UNIVERSITY(COLLEGE OF HIGH EDUCATION)
COMPREHENSIVESCHOOL(11-16 YEARS) GCSE
SIXTH FORM(16-18 YEARS)«A» LEVEL EXAM
IV. АудированиеNow we are going to listen to a part from the text about an old system of education in Britain. Your task is: listen to the text attentively and try to understand it.
TextBefore comprehensive schools were introduced in 1965 by the British government all children took an exam at the age of 11 called "eleven-plus”. Those who got the best results at this exam (about 20 per cent) were chosen to go to the best state schools called "grammar schools", which gave secondary education of a rather high standard. Those who failed the 11+ (about 80 per cent) went to secondary modern schools. Secondary modern schools gave secondary education only in name and did not prepare schoolchildren for universities, as pupils were mainly prepared for practical jobs. A lot of people in Britain thought that this system of selection at the age of 11 was unfair on many children. So, comprehensive schools were introduced. But in a small number of counties they still keep the old system of grammar schools.
Have you understood the text? Now read the sentences from your cards and say if they are true or false and prove your opinion. Mind the social English. (Каждому ученику выдается карточка с верными и неверными предложениями по содержанию прослушанного текста).
Comprehensive schools were introduced in 1945 – false
At the age of 11 all children took an exam called “eleven-plus” – true
After taking this exam all children go to the best state school called “grammar school” – false
Those who failed the exam go to secondary modem schools – true
Modern schools do not prepare pupils for universities – true
All people in Britain liked this system of selection at the age of 11- false
That is why comprehensive schools were introduced – true
Now, with the help of this scheme, let’s compare two systems of education: in Russia and in Great Britain.
Education in Great Britain Education in Russia
Children go to school at the age of 5
Primary school is divided into two parts: infant and junior
Children finish primary school at the age of 11-12
Pupils go to the first form at the age of 11-12
Pupils finish secondary school at the age of 16
Pupils take the GCSE Exam at the age of 16 Children go to school at the age of 6-7
Primary school is not divided into parts
Children finish primary school at the age of 9-10
Pupils go to the first form at the age of 6-7
Pupils finish secondary school at the age of 14-15
Pupils take Final examinations at the age of 15
Please, make up your conclusion:
There are some differences in the age of pupils but as a whole the systems are quite alike.
By the way, we have a guest today. She came to Moscow some days ago from Manchester and I have invited her to our school. She is of your age and studies in school. You can ask her questions to know more about teenagers in Britain.
(Один ученик вызывается к доске в качестве « гостя из Манчестера», а остальные ученики задают ему вопросы о школе в Великобритании).
Thank you very much for the interview. Come again if you have time.
VI. Повторение грамматического материала.
I want you to review English grammar. I am going to give you the cards with the tests to review Subjunctive Mood.
If I hadn't drunk so much coffee, _____ better.
I'd have slept
If Columbus hadn't loved travelling so much, he _____ America in 1492.
wouldn't have discovered
He wouldn't wait for me if I ______ round at about six.
If Benjamin Franklin _____ so hard, he wouldn't have become the symbol of America.
I would do the same if I _____ in your place.
I wish I _____two foreign languages.
If I knew that you were coming, I _____ you at the airport.
would have met
I wish you _____ complaining about the weather.
If he _____ her address, he would write to her.
If he had been at the concert. he _____ it.
would have enjoyed
If we _____ a taxi, we would have missed the plane.
If it were not so cold, the children _____ to the mountains.
would have gone
Учащиеся выполняют тест по грамматике. Тест проверяется на уроке. Ошибки фиксируются и исправляются учащимися.
VII. Подведение итоговI see you know much about schools in Britain. You can compare the systems of education in our country and in Britain. You became to know more facts about “further education” and you can go to Britain and enter any university or college but before it you should finish special preliminary course.
Our lesson is coming to the end. All of you have worked very well. Thank you. Your marks are…
VII. Домашнее заданиеNow I ask you to give your opinion on a particular question. An international young people’s magazine is investigating the questions:
1. Should students only be judged by their results in end-of-year exams?
Is co-education a disaster for girls or not?
Your home task is: write a short article for the magazine on this topic, based on your own experience.
Another home task for you is: correct all mistakes in your cards.
(Четырем ученикам даются карточки с текстом, в котором допущены ошибки).
(Учащимся дается дифференцированное задание на дом).
Our lesson is over. Thank you once more. Good bye. See you.