Изобретатели и их изобретения


Красноярский промышленный колледж – филиал Федерального государственного автономного образовательного учреждения высшего профессионального образования «Национальный исследовательский ядерный университет «МИФИ».
662971, Красноярский край, г. Железногорск, ул. Свердлова, д. 5.
Автор: Галина Радомировна Прус (Г.Р. Прус), преподаватель иностранного языка.
2015
«INVENTORS AND THEIR INVENTIONS» -
«ИЗОБРЕТАТЕЛИ И ИХ ИЗОБРЕТЕНИЯ»
I.
«CHOOSE THE CORRECT FORM OF THE VERBS» -
«ВЫБЕРИТЕ ПРАВИЛЬНУЮ ФОРМУ ГЛАГОЛОВ»
Thomas Edison (1) started / was starting work on the railway when he was twelve, selling newspapers and snacks. There were long periods with nothing for him to do so he (2) built / was building himself a little laboratory in the luggage van where he could carry out experiments when he (3) didn’t sell / wasn’t selling things to passengers.
Another way that he (4) occupied / was occupying himself was by reading. He joined a library and (5) read / was reading every single book in it.
One day, when he (6) waited / was waiting at a station he (7) noticed / was noticing a small boy who (8) played / was playing by the track, unaware that a train (9) approached / was approaching. Edison (10) ran / was running out and (11) grabbed / was grabbing the child just in
time. The child’s father was so grateful that he (12) offered / was offering to teach Edison to be a telegraph operator. Edison accepted the offer and soon he (13) had / was having regular lessons.
After a year, he was good enough to get a job in the telegraph office.
He continued to read and experiment, whenever he (14) had / was having time.
At twenty-one he (15) left / was leaving the telegraph office to devote all his time to being an inventor. He (16) went / was going on to invent the electric light bulb, the phonograph and the movie camera.
II.
«TRANSLATE INTO RUSSIAN» – «ПЕРЕВЕДИТЕ НА РУССКИЙ ЯЗЫК»
III.
«MAKE UP GENERAL GUESTIONS AND ANSWER THEM ACCORDING TO THE MODEL» - «СОСТАВЬТЕ ОБЩИЕ ВОПРОСЫ И ОТВЕТЬТЕ НА НИХ
В СООТВЕТСТВИИ С ОБРАЗЦОМ»
Model: Thomas Edison started work on the railway when he was twelve.
Did Thomas Edison start work on the railway when he was twelve? - Yes, he did.
1. He built himself a little laboratory in the luggage van. 2. He joined a library. 3. He read every single book in the library. 4. He noticed a small boy one day. 5. Edison ran out and grabbed the child just in time. 6. The child’s father offered to teach Edison to be a telegraph operator. 7. Edison accepted the offer. 8. He continued to read and experiment. 9. At twenty-one he left the telegraph office to devote all his time to being an inventor.
IV.
«PUT A QUESTION TAG ON THE END OF THESE SENTENCES» -
«ПРОДОЛЖИТЕ «ХВОСТИКИ» РАЗДЕЛИТЕЛЬНЫХ ВОПРОСОВ»
1. Thomas Edison started work on the railway when he was twelve, ... ... ?
2. There were long periods with nothing for him to do, ... ... ?
3. He could carry out experiments in a little laboratory, ... ... ?
4. Edison (10) ran out and grabbed the child just in time, ... ... ?
5. The child’s father was so grateful, ... ... ?
6. The child’s father offered to teach Edison to be a telegraph operator, ... ... ?
7. Soon Edison was having regular lessons, ... ... ?
8. After a year, he was good enough to get a job in the telegraph office, ... ... ?
9. He continued to read and experiment, ... ... ?
10. At twenty-one he left the telegraph office to devote all his time to being an inventor, ... ... ?
11. He was going on to invent the electric light bulb, the phonograph and the movie camera,
... ... ?
V.
«MAKE UP SPECIAL QUESTIONS THE ANSWERS TO WHICH WILL BE WORDS IN ITALICS. THE WORDS IN BRACKETS WILL HELP YOU». –
«СОСТАВЬТЕ СПЕЦИАЛЬНЫЕ ВОПРОСЫ, ОТВЕТАМИ НА КОТОРЫЕ БУДУТ ВЫДЕЛЕННЫЕ КУРСИВОМ СЛОВА. СЛОВА В СКОБКАХ ПОМОГУТ ВАМ»
1. Thomas Edison started work on the railway when he was twelve. (When)
2. He built himself a little laboratory in the luggage van. (What; what laboratory)
3. He built himself a little laboratory in the luggage van. (What)
4. He could carry out experiments. (What)
5. He joined a library. (What)
6. One day he noticed a small boy. (Whom)
7. A small boy was playing by the track. (What).
8. A small boy was playing by the track. (What).
9. A train was approaching. (What)
10. Edison grabbed the child just in time. (Whom)
11. The child’s father was so grateful that he offered to teach Edison to be a telegraph operator.
(Who)
12. The child’s father was so grateful that he offered to teach Edison to be a telegraph operator.
(What)
13. Edison accepted the offer and soon he was having regular lessons. (What; what lessons)
14. At twenty-one he left the telegraph office to devote all his time to being an inventor.
(What age)
VI.
«TRANSLATE INTO RUSSIAN»! - «ПЕРЕВЕДИТЕ НА РУССКИЙ ЯЗЫК»!
INCANDESCENT LIGHT BULB
Humphry Davy, an English scientist, made the first incandescent electric lamp in 1800. He experimented with electricity and invented an electric battery. When he connected wires to his battery and a piece of carbon, the carbon glowed, producing light. This is called an electric arc.
Much later, in 1860, the English physicist Sir Joseph Wilson Swan (1828-1914) made a practical, long-lasting electric light. He found that a carbon paper filament worked well, but burned up quickly. In 1878, he demonstrated his new electric lamps in Newcastle, England.
The inventor Thomas Edison (in the USA) experimented with thousands of different filaments to find just the right materials to glow well and be long-lasting. In 1879, Edison discovered that a carbon filament in an oxygen-free bulb glowed but did not burn up for 40 hours. Edison eventually produced a bulb that could glow for over 1500 hours.
In 1903, Willis R. Whitney invented a treatment for the filament so that it wouldn’t darken the inside of the bulb as it glowed. In 1910, William David Coolidge (1873-1975) invented a tungsten filament, which lasted even longer than the older filaments. The incandescent bulb revolutionized the world.
«NEW WORDS» - «НОВЫЕ СЛОВА»
Incandescent lamp – лампа накаливания
To glow – светиться
Long-lasting – долговечный
Filament – нить накала
Oxygen-free – бескислородный
Eventually – в конечном счёте
Bulb- лампочка
Treatment – обработка
Electric arc – электрическая дуга
VII.
«MAKE UP GENERAL GUESTIONS AND ANSWER THEM ACCORDING TO THE MODEL» -«СОСТАВЬТЕ ОБЩИЕ ВОПРОСЫ И ОТВЕТЬТЕ НА НИХ
В СООТВЕТСТВИИ С ОБРАЗЦОМ»:
Model: Humphry Davy made the first incandescent electric lamp in 1800.
Did Humphry Davy make the first incandescent electric lamp in 1800? - Yes, he did.
1. Humphry Davy experimented with electricity and invented an electric battery. 2. He connected wires to his battery and a piece of carbon. 3. The carbon glowed, producing light. 4. The English physicist Sir Joseph Wilson Swan made a practical, long-lasting electric light in 1860. 5. A carbon paper filament worked well. 6. In 1878, Sir Joseph Wilson Swan demonstrated his new electric lamps in Newcastle, England. 7. The inventor Thomas Alva Edison (in the USA) experimented with thousands of different filaments. 8. Edison eventually produced a bulb with glowing for over 1500 hours. 9. In 1903, Willis R. Whitney invented a treatment for the filament. 10. In 1910, William David Coolidge (1873-1975) invented a tungsten filament. 11. The tungsten filament lasted even longer than the older filaments. 12. The incandescent light bulb revolutionized the world.
VIII.
«PUT A QUESTION TAG ON THE END OF THESE SENTENCES» -
«ПРОДОЛЖИТЕ «ХВОСТИКИ» РАЗДЕЛИТЕЛЬНЫХ ВОПРОСОВ»
1. Humphry Davy made the first incandescent electric lamp in 1800, ... ... ?
2. He experimented with electricity and invented an electric battery, ... ... ?
3. Wires were connected to the battery and a piece of carbon, ... ... ?
4. The carbon glowed, producing light, ... ... ?
5. This is called an electric arc, ... ... ?
6. A carbon paper filament worked well, but burned up quickly, ... ... ?
7. New electric lamps were demonstrated in Newcastle, England, ... ... ?
8. An oxygen-free bulb did not burn up for 40 hours, ... ... ?
9. Edison’s bulb could glow for over 1500 hours, ... ... ?
10. A treatment for the filament was invented by Willis R. Whitney, ... ... ?
11. A tungsten filament was invented by William David Coolidge, ... ... ?
IX.
«MAKE UP SPECIAL QUESTIONS THE ANSWERS TO WHICH WILLBE WORDS
IN ITALICS. THE WORDS IN BRACKETS WILL HELP YOU». –
«СОСТАВЬТЕ СПЕЦИАЛЬНЫЕ ВОПРОСЫ, ОТВЕТАМИ НА КОТОРЫЕ БУДУТ ВЫДЕЛЕННЫЕ КУРСИВОМ СЛОВА. СЛОВА В СКОБКАХ ПОМОГУТ ВАМ»
1. Humphry Davy experimented with electricity. (Who; what) 2. Humphry Davy invented an electric battery. (Who; what) 3. The carbon glowed, producing light. (How) 4. This is called an electric arc. (How) 5. Much later, in 1860, the English physicist Sir Joseph Wilson Swan (1828-1914) made a practical, long-lasting electric light. (What) 6. A carbon paper filament worked well. (How) 7. In 1878, he demonstrated his new electric lamps in Newcastle, England. (When)
8. The inventor Thomas Alva Edison (in the USA) experimented with thousands of different filaments. (What) 9. Edison eventually produced a bulb that could glow for over 1500 hours. (Who) 10. In 1903, Willis R. Whitney invented a treatment for the filament. (When; what)
11. In 1910, William David Coolidge invented a tungsten filament. (What)
«ANSWERS» - «ОТВЕТЫ»
I.
(1) started. (2) built. (3) wasn’t selling. (4) occupied. (5) read. (6) was waiting. (7) noticed. (8) was playing. (9) was approaching. (10) ran out. (11) grabbed. (12) offered. (13) was having. (14) had. (15) left. (16) went.
II.

Томас Эдисон начал работу на железной дороге, когда ему было двенадцать лет, продавая газеты и закуски. Были у него длительные периоды, когда делать было нечего, и тогда он строил себе маленькую лабораторию в багажном вагоне, где
мог бы проводить эксперименты, когда он не продавал вещи пассажирам.
Ещё одно увлечение, которому он уделял время - чтение. Он записался в библиотеку и читал в ней каждую книгу.
Однажды, когда он ждал на станции, то заметил маленького мальчика, который играл около путей, не зная, что поезд приближался. Эдисон побежал и схватил ребёнка в последний момент. Отец ребёнка был так благодарен, что предложил обучать Эдисона на телеграфиста. Эдисон принял предложение, и вскоре у него были регулярные занятия. Через год он достаточно преуспел, чтобы получить работу в офисе телеграфа.
Он продолжал читать и экспериментировать всегда, когда у него было время.
В двадцать один год он оставил телеграф, чтобы посвятить все свое время тому, чтобы быть изобретателем. Он собирался изобретать электрическую лампочку, фонограф и кинокамеру.
III.

1. Did he build himself a little laboratory in the luggage van? – Yes, he did.
2. Did he join a library? – Yes, he did.
3. Did he read every single book in the library? – Yes, he did.
4. Did he notice a small boy one day? – Yes, he did.
5. Did Edison run out and grab the child just in time? – Yes, he did.
6. Did the child’s father offer to teach Edison to be a telegraph operator? – Yes, he did.
7. Did Edison accept the offer? – Yes, he did.
8. Did he continue to read and experiment? – Yes, he did.
9. Did he leave the telegraph office at twenty-one to devote all his time to being an inventor?
– Yes, he did.
IV.

1. Thomas Edison started work on the railway when he was twelve, didn’t he?
2. There were long periods with nothing for him to do, weren’t there?
3. He could carry out experiments in a little laboratory, couldn’t he?
4. Edison (10) ran out and grabbed the child just in time, didn’t he?
5. The child’s father was so grateful, wasn’t he?
6. The child’s father offered to teach Edison to be a telegraph operator, didn’t he?
7. Soon Edison was having regular lessons, wasn’t he?
8. After a year, he was good enough to get a job in the telegraph office, wasn’t he?
9. He continued to read and experiment, didn’t he?
10. At twenty-one he left the telegraph office to devote all his time to being an inventor,
didn’t he?
11. He was going on to invent the electric light bulb, the phonograph and the movie camera,
wasn’t he?
V.
1. When did Thomas Edison start work on the railway?
2. What did he build himself in the luggage van?
What laboratory did he build himself in the luggage van?
3. In what did he built himself a little laboratory? OR: What did he built himself a little
laboratory in?
4. What could he carry out?
5. What did he join?
6. Whom did he notice one day?
7. What was a small boy doing by the track?
8. What was a small boy playing by? OR: By what was a small boy playing?
9. What was approaching?
10. Whom did Edison grab just in time?
11. Who was so grateful?
12. What did the child’s father offer?
13. What did Edison accept? What lessons was he having soon?
14. What age did he leave the telegraph office at? OR: At what age did he leave the telegraph
office?
VI.
Гэмфри Дэви, английский ученый, сделал первую электрическую лампу накаливания в 1800 году. Он экспериментировал с электричеством и изобрел электрическую батарею. Когда он подключал провода к его батарее и кусочку угля, то уголь светился, производя свет. Это называется электрической дугой.
    Много позже, в 1860 году, английский физик сэр Джозеф Уилсон Суон (1828-1914) добился практического, длительного электрического света. Он обнаружил, что нить накала копировальной бумаги работала хорошо, но быстро сгорала. В 1878 году он продемонстрировал свои новые электрические лампы в Ньюкасле, Англия.
    Изобретатель Томас Алва Эдисон (в США) экспериментировал с тысячами различных нитей накаливания, чтобы найти только те правильные материалы, которые светятся хорошо и являются долговечными. В 1879 году, Эдисон обнаружил, что углеродная нить в бескислородной лампочке светилась, но не сгорала в течение 40 часов. Эдисон, в конце концов, изготовил лампочку, которая могла светиться в течение более 1500 часов.
    В 1903 году Уиллис Р. Уитни изобрёл обработку для нити накаливания, в результате чего она не будет темнеть внутри лампочки, когда светилась. В 1910 году, Уильям Дэвид Кулидж (1873-1975) изобрел вольфрамовую нить, которая служила даже дольше, чем прежние нити. Лампа накаливания произвела революцию в мире.
VII.

1. Did Humphry Davy experiment with electricity and invent an electric battery?
– Yes, he did.
2. Did Humphry Davy connect wires to his battery and a piece of carbon? – Yes, he did.
3. Did the carbon glow, producing light? – Yes, it did.
4. Did the English physicist Sir Joseph Wilson Swan make a practical, long-lasting electric
light in 1860? – Yes, he did.
5. Did a carbon paper filament work well? – Yes, it did.
6. Did Sir Joseph Wilson Swan demonstrate his new electric lamps in Newcastle, England,
in1878? – Yes, he did.
7. Did the inventor Thomas Alva Edison (in the USA) experiment with thousands of
different filaments? – Yes, he did.
8. Did Thomas Alva Edison eventually produce a bulb with glowing for over 1500 hours?
- Yes, he did.
9. Did Willis R. Whitney invent a treatment for the filament in 1903? - Yes, he did.
10. Did William David Coolidge (1873-1975) invent a tungsten filament in 1910?
- Yes, he did.
11. Did the tungsten filament last even longer than the older filaments? - Yes, it did.
12. Did the incandescent light bulb revolutionize the world? – Yes, it did.
VIII.

1. Humphry Davy made the first incandescent electric lamp in 1800, didn’t he?
2. Humphry Davy experimented with electricity and invented an electric battery, didn’t he?
3. Wires were connected to the battery and a piece of carbon, weren’t they?
4. The carbon glowed, producing light, didn’t it?
5. This is called an electric arc, isn’t it?
6. A carbon paper filament worked well, but burned up quickly, didn’t it?
7. New electric lamps were demonstrated in Newcastle, England, weren’t they?
8. An oxygen-free bulb did not burn up for 40 hours, did it?
9. EDISON’s bulb could glow for over 1500 hours, couldn’t it?
10. A treatment for the filament was invented by Willis R. Whitney, wasn’t it?
11. A tungsten filament was invented by William David Coolidge, wasn’t it?
IX.
1. Who experimented with electricity? What did Humphry Davy experiment with? OR:
With what did Humphry Davy experiment?
2. Who invented an electric battery? What did Humphry Davy invent?
3. How did the carbon glow?
4. How is this called?
5. What did the English physicist Sir Joseph Wilson Swan (1828-1914) make much
later, in 1860?
6. How did a carbon paper filament work?
7. When did Sir Joseph Wilson Swan demonstrate his new electric lamps in
Newcastle, England?
8. What did the inventor Thomas Alva Edison (in the USA) experiment with? OR:
With what did the inventor Thomas Alva Edison (in the USA) experiment?
9. Who eventually produced a bulb that could glow for over 1500 hours?
10. When did Willis R. Whitney invent a treatment for the filament?
What did Willis R. Whitney invent in 1903?
11. What did William David Coolidge invent in 1910?
«BIBLIOGRAPHY» - «СПИСОК ЛИТЕРАТУРЫ»
1. Louise Hashemi with Raymond Murphy «English Grammar in Use Supplementary
Exercises with Answers» Cambridge University Press, 2012, 144 стр.
[Электронный Ресурс] - Режим Доступа: http://www.cup.org.
ISBN 978-1-107-61641-7
2. .Кузьменкова Ю.Б. Стратегии речевого поведения в англоязычной среде: курс лекций.
М.: Педагогический университет «Первое сентября», 2006. URL: edu.1september.ru
3. Английский язык /Агабекян И.П. – Изд. 26-е, стер.
Ростов н/Д: Феникс, 2015. – 318, [1] с. - (Среднее профессиональное образование)
ISBN 978-5-222-23595-9

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