GRAMMAR TEST 11 класс
Read the text, then choose A, B, C or D for each question (1-7)
Caught in the Act
Even if you’re looking carefully, you might miss it; it’s only a stray strand of hair, after all. But to me, as a forensic scientist, this is what I live for; this is the pot of gold at the end of the rainbow. This microscopic human trace might be the one vital piece of evidence that leads to the arrest and imprisonment of the criminal, the one who, without realizing it, left his calling card behind at the scene of the crime. One single strand of hair contains all the criminal’s DNA and, once matched, can lead all the way back to his door.
And that is my job. I’m a forensic scientist - ‘forensic’ just means relating to the legal system - and I collect and analyze evidence that is then used to catch a whole range of criminals committing any number of illegal acts. A member of the public might jump to the conclusion that all I work on are murders, but my field of investigation includes burglaries, arson, simple cases of forgery or more advanced Internet offences. Since time began, criminals have always found new ways of breaking the law, but I have complete faith in my subject. It doesn’t matter what the crime is, science will get to the bottom of it and as technology continues to improve, the chances of getting away with it become slimmer and slimmer.
Perhaps the most famous forensic scientist of all was Sherlock Holmes. His methods of investigation, popularized in numerous books, films and television series, included close observation, rigorous examination of evidence and logical deduction. This is where I got my inspiration from. Reading the stories and watching the films fascinated me when I was younger and they still do today. I took all available science courses at school and then moved on to criminology at university. After graduating at the top of my class, it was then a small step to the police and I’m now head of the forensic investigation department.
In many ways the job hasn’t changed all that much from the fog-filled streets of Holmes' London. The most useful tool for any scientist is still a keen mind, a good eye that connects the apparently unconnected and a skilful reading of the evidence. A crime scene is not that different to a story. It is a narrative with a beginning, in which the criminal enters the house; a middle, when the crime is committed; and a climax, as doesn’t lie when it faces a jury. Facts don`t or get confused. Science states the case. And that is the criminal leaves the crime scene. My job is to make sure; that the ultimate end is the capture of the villain.
Of course, there is a new style of fictionalized forensics on television nowadays that uses the most cutting-edge technology available and suddenly the job is the focus of a huge amount of attention with relevant university courses filling up faster than ever before. But don’t be fooled by what you see on television. The job is vastly different from the one seemingly done by the heroes of a weekly TV show. First of all, the forensic scientist isn’t the first one at the scene of the crime; we’re usually there much later. Also, forensics can be a time-consuming and lengthy procedure. TV takes one hour to solve the crime; we can take weeks, months, even year/ DNA analysis takes a long time, no matter how technologically advanced we are. But having said all that, the basic methods we use are the same as our TV counterparts.
Take fingerprinting, for example. A person’s fingerprint is unique; the lines and shapes that pattern the fingertips are individual and belong to no-one else. The grease that comes off our skin at all times of the day leaves a patterned mark on everything we touch. We can make a copy of that mark and hopefully, match it to the recorded fingerprints of known criminals. This is common knowledge and even the most simple-minded crook knows enough to wear a pair of gloves or wipe down everything he touches. But what about the traces that can’t be seen, the traces that can’t be wiped down?
At every second of every day your body is shedding microscopic pieces of skin; household dust is mostly made up of your dead cells. You are constantly renewing hairs, old ones fall and new ones grow back; the clothes you wear leave behind the smallest signs of where you’ve been and what you’ve been doing. This is called DNA fingerprinting and when gathered together, all of these things serve to build up a picture that is more conclusive than any eye-witness statement. Evidence doesn`t lie when it faces a jury. Facts don`t forget or get confused. Science states the case. And that is inescapable.
In the first paragraph, the writer suggests that:
A he is well-paid for the work he does.
B criminals are often forgetful.
C he follows criminals to their homes.
D criminals help in solving the crime.
What changes have occurred recently?
A There is more crime nowadays.
B His job is getting more difficult.
C More criminals are being caught.
D He has more work than ever before.
Why did the writer become a forensic scientist?
A Because he was good at science.
B Because of his enthusiasm for books.C Because of a childhood role model.D Because he wanted to be a policeman.
The writer compares a crime scene to a story to
A explain how events are connected.
В describe how he finds evidence.
С make him feel more like a hero.
D show how to commit a crime.
Watching crime shows on television, viewers get the idea that
A doing the job will make them famous.
В solving a crime takes very little time.
С the forensic scientist heads the investigation.
D forensic science is a popular university course.
What does not the writer say about fingerprinting?
A Most people understand the technique.
В Unwashed hands are easier to fingerprint.
С Criminals try to avoid leaving fingerprints.
D No two sets of fingerprints are the same.
What does the writer believe about forensic science?
A It relies too much on the ageing process.
В It is a reliable method of solving crime.
С It often disagrees with personal accounts.
D It is not used enough in criminal investigations.
USE OF ENGLISH
Fill in the gaps with the correct word derived from the words in bold
“Welcome to the Kremlin, the seat of Russia`s 1). __________________(rule) for centuries and currently the 2)_____________(office) residence of the president of Russia! This city within a city contains golden-domed churches and cathedrals, four palaces, museums, 3)__________________(resident), offices and monuments. Visit Cathedral Square, the 4)_______________________(history) heart of the Kremlin and home to the Cathedral of the Assumption, where all the Tsars were crowned. Along the Kremlin1s eastern wall lies Moscow`s famous Red Square/ Don`t miss St Basil`s Cathedral at the 5). _________________(south) end of the square, famous for its brightly 6).______________ (colour) domes. This stunning cathedral was built between 1534 and 1561 at the command of Ivan the Terrible. As the story goes, Ivan was so overcome by its beauty that he blinded its 7). ________________________(architecture) so that he would never be able to create another 8)________________________(build) as magnificent for anyone else! Our tour continues…”
Listen to the speakers 1-5. Which of the comments below might each speaker say? There is one comment you don`t need to use.
A I think all teenagers should do chores.
В I have more responsibilities because I’m older.
С Chores take up a lot of my free time.
D I find cleaning relaxing.
E I’m too busy to help out much.
F I don’t mind doing outside chores.
Speaker 1 2 3 4 5
Read the extract from your pen friend Tanya’s letter. Write a letter to Tanya. In your letter:
tell her about the kinds of household chores you have to do;
ask three questions about the tree-planting day.
It’s not fair! I’m so busy at school and then I have loads of chores to do at home! Do you have to do jobs at home, too?
I’m taking part in a tree-planting day in my neighbourhood next Sunday. I’m really looking forward to it!
Нормы оценивания ЗУН по английскому языку при выполнении данной контрольной работы:
Контрольная работа состоит из 4 заданий:
Задание 1 LISTENING (Аудирование) – 6 баллов
Задание 2 READING (Чтение) – 7 баллов
Задание 3 USE OF ENGLISH - 7 баллов
Задание 4 WRITING (Письмо) – 10 баллов
Всего: 30 баллов
30 - 28 баллов - оценка «5»
27 - 25 баллов - оценка «4»
24 - 20 баллов - оценка «3»
< 20 баллов - оценка «2»