Экзаменационный материал: подготовка к конкурсу «Космонавт». Номинация «Авиационный английский»


Билет № 1
My hobby
Translate the phrases into English:
Новая эра в исследовании космоса, завоеватели космоса, памятные даты в России; фильмы, пропитанные духом Второй Мировой Войны; наши спасители, которые пожертвовали своими жизнями ради нас; военный парад, георгиевская ленточка; красные гвоздики; возложение венков на мемориальных могилах
Answer the questions
Read the ICAO Alphabet
Read the following numbers according to the ICAO standard:
FL 270, FL 50, heading 040 RWY 12L, RWY 03R, QFE 748, QNH 1017, altitude 4000 ft, height 400 m, visibility 800 m, time 08.47, 123.8, stand 47, gate D6, 23 knots, gusting 25, wind 3600, RVR 600, dew point -2,
Read the following abbreviations and say what they stand for:
DME, FIR, IFR, ILS, IMC, CAVOK, STAR, ETA, EAT, ETD, ICAO, ATIS
Match the standard words and phrases with their meanings
Phrase Meaning
1.Approved A.Подтвердите ясность
2.Affirm B.Отменяю
3.Break C.Раздел раздел4.cancel D.Да подтверждаю
5.acknowledge E.Одобрено, разрешено
6.Break break F.раздел
Read and translate the text
There are four working languages in ICAO – English, French, Spanish and Russian. But all meetings, conferences and assemblies are conducted in English and then all materials are translated into other languages. For this purpose ICAO has a special “Language and Publications Branch” with four sections.
The most urgent problem in aviation is safety. The progress in safety is achieved by intensive efforts in various spheres – engineering sciences, meteorology, psychology, medicine, economics and “last but not least” the English language. Insufficient English language proficiency often results in accidents and incidents. For example, the worst disaster in aviation history occurred in 1977 when two Boeings 747 collided at Tenerife, Canary Islands. The crew of Pan American 747 missed or misunderstood taxi instructions requiring a turn off the active runway. At the same time KLM 747 initiated a shrouded take off on the opposite direction. The two aircraft met on the active runway, with heavy loss of lives.
Билет № 2
My future career
Translate the phrases into English:
Россиское Федеральное Космическое Агенство, Центр подготовки космонавтов, Международная Космическая Станция, средства запуска, программа исследования луны, Российский космический зонд на Венеру будет запущен приблизительно в 2024 году; радиолокационные наблюдения дистанционного зондирования вокруг планеты Венера; полностью роботизированная лунная база; миссия возвращения на Фобос
Answer the questions:
Read the ICAO Alphabet
Read the following numbers according to the ICAO standard:
FL 270, FL 50, heading 040 RWY 12L, RWY 03R, QFE 748, QNH 1017, altitude 4000 ft, height 400 m, visibility 800 m, time 08.47, 123.8, stand 47, gate D6, 23 knots, gusting 25, wind 3600, RVR 600, dew point -2,
Read the following abbreviations and say what they stand for:
DME, FIR, IFR, ILS, IMC, CAVOK, STAR, ETA, EAT, ETD, ICAO, ATIS
Match the standard words and phrases with their meanings
Phrase Meaning
1.Correct A.Даю поправку
2.Check B.Разрешено
3.Confirm C. Работайте
4.Cleared D.Подтвердите
5.Contact E.Правильно
6.Correction F.Проверка
Read and translate the text
Men have wanted to fly for more than two thousand years. Observations of flying birds gave man the idea of human flight. Every nation has many legends and tales about birdmen and magic carpets.
One of the most famous Greek legend is the legend of Daedalus and his son Icarus who made wings and fastened them on with wax. Daedalus landed in safety, Icarus was not so careful and he flew closer and closer to the sun. The wax melted, the wings came off and he fell into the sea.
The first scientific principles of human flight appeared in the 14-th century. The problem was studied by the great scientist Leonardo de Vinci. He observed the flight of birds, studied the air and its currents and designed a flying machine the wings of which were operated by a man.
But the first actual flight which man made was that in the balloon. In October 1783 the Montgolfier brothers in France sent two men almost 25 metres up in a balloon which descended 10 minutes later, about 2.5 kilometres away
Билет № 3
Public Holidays: Victory Day, Cosmonautics Day
Translate the phrases into English:
Новая эра в исследовании космоса, завоеватели космоса, памятные даты в России; фильмы, пропитанные духом Второй Мировой Войны; наши спасители, которые пожертвовали своими жизнями ради нас; военный парад, георгиевская ленточка; красные гвоздики; возложение венков на мемориальных могилах
Answer the questions
Read the ICAO Alphabet
Read the following numbers according to the ICAO standard:
FL 270, FL 50, heading 040 RWY 12L, RWY 03R, QFE 748, QNH 1017, altitude 4000 ft, height 400 m, visibility 800 m, time 08.47, 123.8, stand 47, gate D6, 23 knots, gusting 25, wind 3600, RVR 600, dew point -2
Read the following abbreviations and say what they stand for:
DME, FIR, IFR, ILS, IMC, CAVOK, STAR, ETA, EAT, ETD, ICAO, ATIS
Match the standard words and phrases with their meanings
Phrase Meaning
1.Approved A.Подтвердите ясность
2.Affirm B.Отменяю
3.Break C.Раздел раздел4.cancel D.Да подтверждаю
5.acknowledge E.Одобрено, разрешено
6.Break break F.раздел
Read and translate the text
The first Russian aircraft designer was Alexander Mozhaisky. His airplane, a monoplane, with two light steam engines was tested on August I, 1882. With the first Russian pilot, I.N. Golubev the plane rose into the air and flew a distance of 200 metres before it landed.
At that time the same work was being conducted by Otto Lilienthal, a remarkable German inventor. In 1891 he made his flight in a glider covering 35 metres. In 1903 two Americans, the brothers Wilbur and Orville Wright, built their aeroplane. It flew only 32 metres but it was the first aeroplane with an internal combustion engine that was a big step forward.
In the following years aviation made big advances. In 1908 Henry Farman, in France, made a circular flight of one kilometre. A year later Bleriot crossed the English Channel. In 1913 a Russian student Lobanov invented aeroplane skis and this enabled to land and take off in winteБилет № 4
Russian Space Science
Translate the phrases into English:
Россиское Федеральное Космическое Агенство, Центр подготовки космонавтов, Международная Космическая Станция, средства запуска, программа исследования луны, Российский космический зонд на Венеру будет запущен приблизительно в 2024 году; радиолокационные наблюдения дистанционного зондирования вокруг планеты Венера; полностью роботизированная лунная база; миссия возвращения на Фобос
Answer the questions:
Read the ICAO Alphabet
Read the following numbers according to the ICAO standard
FL 270, FL 50, heading 040 RWY 12L, RWY 03R, QFE 748, QNH 1017, altitude 4000 ft, height 400 m, visibility 800 m, time 08.47, 123.8, stand 47, gate D6, 23 knots, gusting 25, wind 3600, RVR 600, dew point -2,
Read the following abbreviations and say what they stand for:
DME, FIR, IFR, ILS, IMC, CAVOK, STAR, ETA, EAT, ETD, ICAO, ATIS
Match the standard words and phrases with their meanings
Phrase Meaning
1.Correct A.Даю поправку
2.Check B.Разрешено
3.Confirm C. Работайте
4.Cleared D.Подтвердите
5.Contact E.Правильно
6.Correction F.Проверка
Read and translate the text
At the beginning of the 20-th century the dirigible was invented. The most known inventor of a dirigible is Count Ferdinand von Zeppelin, a retired German army officer. His famous "Graf Zeppelin" in 1929 began a cruise which took 21 days 8 hours and 26 minutes to circle the world.
An outstanding event in the history of aviation took place in Petersburg in 1913. That year a heavy multiengined aeroplane "Russky Vityaz» was constructed. It weighed 4,940 kg and had a 1,440 kg useful load. On August 2, 1913 with seven passengers on board it set up a world record by remaining in the air for 1 hour 34 minutes. Its top speed was over 90 km/hr.
In 1914 an improved version of the multiengined heavy bomber of the Ilya Murometz type was built. It weighed 3,000 kg and had a 1,760 kg useful load, a maximum cruising range of 700 km and a top speed of more than 110 km/hrБилет № 5
Exploration of Space
Translate the phrases into English:
Открытие и исследование небесных структур; постоянно развивающаяся космическая технология; проводятся как с помощью беспилотных роботизированных зондов, так и с помощью полетов человека в космос; от одноразовых полетов до возобновляемого аппаратного оборудования; завершение строительства МКС
Answer the questions
Read the ICAO alphabet
Read the following numbers according to the ICAO standard:
FL 270, FL 50, heading 040 RWY 12L, RWY 03R, QFE 748, QNH 1017, altitude 4000 ft, height 400 m, visibility 800 m, time 08.47, 123.8, stand 47, gate D6, 23 knots, gusting 25, wind 3600, RVR 600, dew point -2
Read the following abbreviations and say what they stand for:
DME, FIR, IFR, ILS, IMC, CAVOK, STAR, ETA, EAT, ETD, ICAO, ATIS
Match the standard words and phrases with their meanings
Phrase Meaning
1.Disregard A.Прослушивайте
2.How do you read B.Нет
3.I say again C.Прослушивайте
4.Maintain D.Подтвердите
5.Monitor E.Правильно
6.Negative F.Проверка
Read and translate the text
Among the pioneers of aviation are the names of aircraft designers Tupolev, Polikarpov, Sukhoi, Arkhangelsky, Ilyushin, Yakovlev and others; the pilots Vodopyanov, Doronin, Kamanin, Lyapidevsky and some others - the first Heroes of the Soviet Union who were awarded this title for saving the passengers and the crew after ice-breaker Chelyuskin had been crashed by ice. In 1937 the world applauded the daring non-stop flight by Chkalov and his crew to the USA via the North Pole on the ANT-23. In 1938 Soviet aviatrixes Grisodubova, Raskova and Osipenko made a non-stop long-distance flight to the Far East and became the first Heroes of the Soviet Union among women.
And, of course, it is necessary to mention the names of the outstanding Russian scientists who considerably contributed aviation. It is the great Russian scientist M.V.Lomonosov who developed the scientific principles of flight of bodies heavier-than-air and built the first helicopter model in the world.
Билет № 6
Scientific and technological progressTranslate the phrases into English:
Роль науки и технологии в нашей жизни; ускорить развитие цивилизации; законы вселенной, применяют свои знания на практике, улучшая жизнь людей; до неузнаваемости; наши предшественники; великие изобретения 20 века; бесконечное число выдающихся открытий; расщепление атома; человек преодолел силу тяжести и вошел во вселенную
Answer the questions
Read the ICAO Alphabet
Read the following numbers according to the ICAO standard:
FL 270, FL 50, heading 040 RWY 12L, RWY 03R, QFE 748, QNH 1017, altitude 4000 ft, height 400 m, visibility 800 m, time 08.47, 123.8, stand 47, gate D6, 23 knots, gusting 25, wind 3600, RVR 600, dew point -2,
Read the following abbreviations and say what they stand for:
DME, FIR, IFR, ILS, IMC, CAVOK, STAR, ETA, EAT, ETD, ICAO, ATIS
Match the standard words and phrases with their meanings
Phrase Meaning
1.Out A.Повторите (мое сообщение)
2.Over B.Прошу, запрашиваю
3.Read Back C.Конец связи
4.Reclared D.Прием
5.Report E.Новое разрешение, вношу изменения
6.Request F.Доложите, сообщите
Read and translate the text
It is very difficult to describe all of ICAO's activities. ICAO solves many problems on the international level. ICAO has a coordination agency. One of its purposes is to gather knowledge widely scattered among nations and to standardize the equipment and operational techniques used in air navigation in and over the territories of its member-states. The main task of ICAO is the flight safety. The aims of the Organization are spelt out in Article 44 of the Chicago Convention. These are to develop the principles and techniques of international air navigation, to plan and develop international air transport; to encourage the arts of aircraft design and operation for peaceful purposes; to encourage the development of airways, airports and air navigation facilities for international civil aviation, and so on.
Билет № 7
The Earth and the Solar System
Translate the phrases into English:
Окружены космосом; сила тяжести; солнце освещает Землю; Звезды – это огненные шары горящего газа; Солнце во много раз больше Земли; ближайший сосед в космосе; покрыта толстыми облаками; галактика млечного пути
Answer the questions
Read the ICAO Alphabet
Read the following numbers according to the ICAO standard:
FL 270, FL 50, heading 040 RWY 12L, RWY 03R, QFE 748, QNH 1017, altitude 4000 ft, height 400 m, visibility 800 m, time 08.47, 123.8, stand 47, gate D6, 23 knots, gusting 25, wind 3600, RVR 600, dew point -2,
Read the following abbreviations and say what they stand for:
DME, FIR, IFR, ILS, IMC, CAVOK, STAR, ETA, EAT, ETD, ICAO, ATIS
Match the standard words and phrases with their meanings
Phrase Meaning
1.Roger A.Говорите медленнее
2.Say again B.Выполняю
3.Speak Slower C.Ждите
4.Standby D.Понял
5.Unable E.Повторите
6.Wilco F.Выполнить не могу
7.Words Twice G.эшелон полета
8.Altitude H.ворота, выход на посадку
9.flight level (FL) I.Продублируйте слова
10.gate J.абсолютная высота
Read and translate the text
The second in its importance organization after ICAO for international civil aviation is IATA - International Air Transport Association founded in 1945. It is one of the international civil aviation organizations uniting world airlines. IATA is concentrated on the safety problem. Its main objective is to contribute to safe and regular development of civil aviation and to cooperation of world airlines. Its Technical Committee deals with the problem of safety, standardization of aviation equipment, training of flying personnel, communications, meteorology, aerodromes, navigational aids, etc. All IATA members report the data on flying, taxying and other ground incidents including maintenance deficiencies. Flight safety experts, aviation specialists and scientists of the member States investigate these accidents to prevent them in future. Russia is a member of IATA, it conforms to the IATA's standards, procedures and documents which is of great importance for studying and solving the problems which IATA deals with.
Билет № 8
Galaxies
Translate the phrases into English:
Темная материя; на фоне общего расширения Вселенной; различные типы галактик; эллиптическая галактика; эллипсоидальная форма; гладкий, почти безликий профиль яркости, спиральная галактика; плоский, медленно вращающийся диск с выпуклостью в центре; сверхмассивная черная дыра; линзовидная галактика; плохо определенные спиральные рукава; с и без решеток; наблюдаемая Вселенная
Answer the questions
Read the ICAO Alphabet
Read the following numbers according to the ICAO standard:
FL 270, FL 50, heading 040 RWY 12L, RWY 03R, QFE 748, QNH 1017, altitude 4000 ft, height 400 m, visibility 800 m, time 08.47, 123.8, stand 47, gate D6, 23 knots, gusting 25, wind 3600, RVR 600, dew point -2,
Read the following abbreviations and say what they stand for:
DME, FIR, IFR, ILS, IMC, CAVOK, STAR, ETA, EAT, ETD, ICAO, ATIS
Match the standard words and phrases with their meanings
Phrase Meaning
1.height A.стандартное давление
2.instruction B.индикатор местоположения
3.location indicator C.давление, приведенное к уровню моря
4.QFE D.указание, инструкция
5.QNE E.давление на аэродроме
6.QNH F.относительная высота
7.runway (RWY) G.взлетно-посадочная полоса
8.squawk H.стоянка
9.stand I.сигналы ответчика
Read and translate the text
International Federation of Air Traffic Controllers' Association (IFATCA) was founded in 1961 with the purpose to enable the national associations to study and solve the problems for the development of air traffic control art and to create a better understanding among the controllers serving international aviation.
Eurocontrol is the European organization working for air navigation safety. It was created in 1963 for better service of European airspace. Some European countries have signed the agreement of cooperation for the safety of air navigation and organized common air traffic services in the upper airspace.
Билет № 9
Asteroids
Answer the questions
Translate the phrases into English:
Астероиды - это малые планеты; разрушенные остатки малых планет, солнечная туманность, около-земные астероиды, характерные спектры, богатые углеродом, каменистые и металлические композиции; невооруженный глаз, пронумерованные обозначения; Европейское космическое агентство; водяные пары Цереры; дальние инфракрасные способности Космической лаборатории Хершелла; давать ростки; все больше и больше размываются
Read the ICAO AlphbetRead the following numbers according to the ICAO standard:
FL 270, FL 50, heading 040 RWY 12L, RWY 03R, QFE 748, QNH 1017, altitude 4000 ft, height 400 m, visibility 800 m, time 08.47, 123.8, stand 47, gate D6, 23 knots, gusting 25, wind 3600, RVR 600, dew point -2,
Read the following abbreviations and say what they stand for:
DME, FIR, IFR, ILS, IMC, CAVOK, STAR, ETA, EAT, ETD, ICAO, ATIS
Match the standard words and phrases with their meanings
Phrase Meaning
1.taxiway (TWY) A.стандартное давление
2.instruction B.индикатор местоположения
3.location indicator C.давление, приведенное к уровню моря
4.QFE D.указание, инструкция
5.QNE E.давление на аэродроме
6.QNH F.рулежная дорожка
Read and translate the text
Standards and Recommended practices for Aeronautical Information Services were first adopted by the Council on 15 May 1953, and were designated as Annex 15 to the ICAO Convention. This Annex became applicable on 1 April 1954.
Each country provides aeronautical information concerning its own territory. It is published in the Aeronautical Information Publication (AIP) and in Notices to Airmen (NOTAM). ICAO personnel engaged in aeronautical information services do not provide actual service, but check on whether these services are provided in ICAO’s members States. NOTAM are classified into two categories, I and II. Both classes contain information concerning the establishment, condition or change in any aeronautical facility, service procedure or hazard the timely knowledge of which is essential to personnel concerned with flight operations.
Билет № 10
Comets
Answer the questions
Translate the phrases into English:
Начинает дегазировать, солнечный ветер от ядра кометы, диапазон атомов кометы, свободные составляющие льда, пыли и небольших скалистых частиц, газовое и пылевое облако, окружающее ядро кометы, и хвост; сферическое облако ледяных тел, галактические приливы, гравитационные возмущения, гиперболические кометы, быть выброшенным в межзведное пространство
Read the ICAO Alphabet
Read the following numbers according to the ICAO standard:
FL 270, FL 50, heading 040 RWY 12L, RWY 03R, QFE 748, QNH 1017, altitude 4000 ft, height 400 m, visibility 800 m, time 08.47, 123.8, stand 47, gate D6, 23 knots, gusting 25, wind 3600, RVR 600, dew point -2,
Read the following abbreviations and say what they stand for:
DME, FIR, IFR, ILS, IMC, CAVOK, STAR, ETA, EAT, ETD, ICAO, ATIS
Match the standard words and phrases with their meanings
Phrase Meaning
1.Roger A.Говорите медленнее
2.Say again B.Выполняю
3.Speak Slower C.Ждите
4.Standby D.Понял
5.Unable E.Повторите
6.Wilco F.Выполнить не могу
7.runway (RWY) G.взлетно-посадочная полоса
8.squawk H.стоянка
9.stand I.сигналы ответчика
Read and translate the text
Weather is composed of a number of elements such as the temperature and humidity of the air, atmospheric pressure, the speed and direction of the wind, air visibility and of special phenomena such as fog, storms and others.
Pilots need the information about weather conditions along the route of flight and at the destination aerodrome. The object of the meteorological service is to contribute to safety, efficiency and regularity of air traffic.
There exist some sources of aviation weather information: surface observation, radar observation, automatic meteorological observation, pilot reports and others.
At every airport there is a meteorological station which is equipped with special instruments recording all changes in the atmosphere. They indicate air pressure and temperature, record wind speed and direction as well as the movements of clouds. All the observations are summed up on special weather charts.
Билет № 11
Robots
Answer the questions
Translate the phrases into English:
Механический или виртуальный искусственный агент, сенсорная обратная связь, обработка информации, робототехника, для обозначения вымышленного гуманоида, повторяющийся, выжить в экстремальной окружающей среде
Read the ICAO Alphabet
Read the following numbers according to the ICAO standard:
FL 270, FL 50, heading 040 RWY 12L, RWY 03R, QFE 748, QNH 1017, altitude 4000 ft, height 400 m, visibility 800 m, time 08.47, 123.8, stand 47, gate D6, 23 knots, gusting 25, wind 3600, RVR 600, dew point -2,
Read the following abbreviations and say what they stand for:
DME, FIR, IFR, ILS, IMC, CAVOK, STAR, ETA, EAT, ETD, ICAO, ATIS
Match the standard words and phrases with their meanings
Phrase Meaning
1.Disregard A.Прослушивайте
2.How do you read B.Нет
3.I say again C.Прослушивайте
4.Maintain D.Подтвердите
5.Monitor E.Правильно
6.Negative F.Проверка
Read and translate the text
An Airbus A-300 was approaching for a landing on RW15 at Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. The accident occurred at dusk in bad weather. There were heavy rain showers over the field. The flight condition at this stage was described as moderate turbulence with occasional breaks in the clouds and the ground was occasionally visible (a visibility of 400 metres was given). The RW was wet. The aircraft descended and struck trees at a height of 174 feet above mean sea level approximately 2 km from the end of the RW. The aircraft came to rest 1.2 km from the end of the RW. The aircraft experienced post-impact fire: however, evacuation was successfully accomplished with all passengers and crew evacuated. Minor injuries were limited to one crew member and 5 passengers out of a total of 14 crew and 233 passengers.
Билет № 12
Will We Live in Space?
Answer the questions
Translate the phrases into English:
Прогресс неизбежен, будет весить больше 20 тонн, первая лунная база, купол с искусственной атмосферой, скафандры, лунный город, будут способны выращивать еду, люди высадятся на ближайшей к нам планете Марс
Read the ICAO Alphabet
Read the following numbers according to the ICAO standard:
FL 270, FL 50, heading 040 RWY 12L, RWY 03R, QFE 748, QNH 1017, altitude 4000 ft, height 400 m, visibility 800 m, time 08.47, 123.8, stand 47, gate D6, 23 knots, gusting 25, wind 3600, RVR 600, dew point -2,
Read the following abbreviations and say what they stand for:
DME, FIR, IFR, ILS, IMC, CAVOK, STAR, ETA, EAT, ETD, ICAO, ATIS
Match the standard words and phrases with their meanings
Phrase Meaning
1.taxiway (TWY) A.стандартное давление
2.instruction B.индикатор местоположения
3.location indicator C.давление, приведенное к уровню моря
4.QFE D.указание, инструкция
5.QNE E.давление на аэродроме
6.QNH F.рулежная дорожка
Read and translate the text
There are airports in every country.
In theory, an aircraft can fly an infinite number of paths through the air from any surface point to any other. In practice, paths of flight lead from airport to airport. Aircraft not only need proper landing and take off facilities. Moreover, those who use aircraft need services and accommodations which the airport must provide.
In the early days of aviation when aeroplanes were small a cow pasture could be used as a "flying field". But with the continuous increase of air traffic and the introduction of high-capacity aircraft it became necessary to expand airport facilities, to build new terminal buildings and to construct new airports.
Билет № 13
The Road to the Stars
Answer the questions
Translate the phrases into English:
Второй век н.э., годы инквизиции, волшебные люди луны, детальное описание, физические условия на Марсе
Read the ICAO Alphabet
Read the following numbers according to the ICAO standard:
FL 270, FL 50, heading 040 RWY 12L, RWY 03R, QFE 748, QNH 1017, altitude 4000 ft, height 400 m, visibility 800 m, time 08.47, 123.8, stand 47, gate D6, 23 knots, gusting 25, wind 3600, RVR 600, dew point -2,
Read the following abbreviations and say what they stand for:
DME, FIR, IFR, ILS, IMC, CAVOK, STAR, ETA, EAT, ETD, ICAO, ATIS
Match the standard words and phrases with their meanings
Phrase Meaning
1.Roger A.Говорите медленнее
2.Say again B.Выполняю
3.Speak Slower C.Ждите
4.Standby D.Понял
5.Unable E.Повторите
6.Wilco F.Выполнить не могу
7.runway (RWY) G.взлетно-посадочная полоса
8.squawk H.стоянка
9.stand I.сигналы ответчика
Read and translate the text
The modern airport is a complex structure, a centre of most diversified services. Millions of passengers and thousands of tons of airfreight are handled by modern airports. Thousands of people are working at airports.
In practically any airport can be divided into two main parts: the landing area (runways and taxiways) and the terminal area (aprons, buildings, car parking areas, hangars, etc.). There is also a third part - terminal air traffic control. The landing area includes runways and taxiways. The number of runways, their length and location depend on the volume and character of traffic, the prevailing wind direction and other factors.
The runways and taxiways should be arranged so that to prevent delays on landing, taxying and take off operations.
Aprons are required for aircraft to make final checks prior to departure.
The main function of the terminal buildings is to handle the departing and arriving passengers and their baggage.
Билет № 14
Satellites and Telecommunications
Answer the questions
Translate the phrases into English:
Событие в какой-то отдаленной части мира может быстро и значительно влиять на качество жизни и в нашей стране; всемирная система спутников, Первоначально разработанный для передачи голосовых сообщений, одновременных вызовов; эти системы были способны обеспечивать бизнес коммуникации; передача голосовых и факсимильных сообщений; индивидуальная электронная почта, сближение технологий вычислений и телекоммуникаций; культура базы данных; безналичное общество; экономические и социальные последствия этих понятий, любитель и техник, передача в один конец, отслеживание;
Read the ICAO Alphabet
Read the following numbers according to the ICAO standard:
FL 270, FL 50, heading 040 RWY 12L, RWY 03R, QFE 748, QNH 1017, altitude 4000 ft, height 400 m, visibility 800 m, time 08.47, 123.8, stand 47, gate D6, 23 knots, gusting 25, wind 3600, RVR 600, dew point -2,
Read the following abbreviations and say what they stand for:
DME, FIR, IFR, ILS, IMC, CAVOK, STAR, ETA, EAT, ETD, ICAO, ATIS
Match the standard words and phrases with their meanings
Phrase Meaning
1.Out A.Повторите (мое сообщение)
2.Over B.Прошу, запрашиваю
3.Read Back C.Конец связи
4.Reclared D.Прием
5.Report E.Новое разрешение, вношу изменения
6.Request F.Доложите, сообщите
Read and translate the text
Among the airport services are: flight assistance service, air traffic control services - airport traffic control, approach control, air route traffic control, radio communications and weather observation and forecasting service.
At every airport there is a number of supplementary services such as rescue and security services, an airport clinic, a fire brigade, special vehicles and equipment units (water trucks, tow tractors, etc.).
Other services include maintenance, overhaul and repair of stationary and mobile equipment, the supply of electricity, water, heat and air conditioning.
The facilities include runways, air navigational aids, passenger and cargo terminals. The airport has a hotel, a post office, bank offices, restaurants, car rental firms, etc.
Билет № 15
New ideas in aircraft engines
Answer the questions
Translate the phrases into English:
обеспечить тягу; чтобы воздушное судно двигалось вперед; ускорять рабочую жидкость; газотурбинные двигатели; через сопло; необходимая тяга; один и тот же принцип реактивных двигателей; для запуска вентиляторов, установленных на наружной плоскости самолета; вал используется для питания различных дополнительных устройств; дополнительные вентиляторы; поршневые двигатели
Read the ICAO Alphabet
Read the following numbers according to the ICAO standard:
FL 270, FL 50, heading 040 RWY 12L, RWY 03R, QFE 748, QNH 1017, altitude 4000 ft, height 400 m, visibility 800 m, time 08.47, 123.8, stand 47, gate D6, 23 knots, gusting 25, wind 3600, RVR 600, dew point -2,
Read the following abbreviations and say what they stand for:
DME, FIR, IFR, ILS, IMC, CAVOK, STAR, ETA, EAT, ETD, ICAO, ATIS
Match the standard words and phrases with their meanings
Phrase Meaning
1.Out A.Повторите (мое сообщение)
2.Over B.Прошу, запрашиваю
3.Read Back C.Конец связи
4.Reclared D.Прием
5.Report E.Новое разрешение, вношу изменения
6.Request F.Доложите, сообщите
Read and translate the text
During those years which have passed since the first aeroplane was built, aviation has enjoyed phenomenal progress. At present aviation influences many aspects of social life.
In the dynamic world of today, aviation provides a rapid transportation link between different population centres. In many places the aeroplane is the only known vehicle for the large-scale movement of passengers and freight over large distances. The airplane has made it possible to patrol the forests, to fight their fires, to assess their timber resources and to plan their harvesting. It has made an enormous contribution to the photographing and mapping of the vast territories, to exploring and prospecting for mineral wealth and to studying and assessing the water resources.
Билет № 16
Special tools in aviation
Answer the questions
Translate the phrases into English:
Кабина содержит элементы управления, необходимые для полета самолета; Педали для рулевого управления; боковая ручка; центральная ручка; традиционный W-образный журнал; шаг самолета; Самолет движется по отношению к северному магнитному полюсу; по отношению к наружному воздуху; высотомер; индикатор вертикальной скорости; индикатор отклонения курса; координатор поворотов
Read the ICAO Alphabet
Read the following numbers according to the ICAO standard:
FL 270, FL 50, heading 040 RWY 12L, RWY 03R, QFE 748, QNH 1017, altitude 4000 ft, height 400 m, visibility 800 m, time 08.47, 123.8, stand 47, gate D6, 23 knots, gusting 25, wind 3600, RVR 600, dew point -2,
Read the following abbreviations and say what they stand for:
DME, FIR, IFR, ILS, IMC, CAVOK, STAR, ETA, EAT, ETD, ICAO, ATIS
Match the standard words and phrases with their meanings
Phrase Meaning
1.Correct A.Даю поправку
2.Check B.Разрешено
3.Confirm C. Работайте
4.Cleared D.Подтвердите
5.Contact E.Правильно
6.Correction F.Проверка
Read and translate the text
The main components of airplanes are as follows:
1.The fuselage is the main body of the airplane and contains the pilot's compartment (cockpit) and passenger and baggage compartments. The cockpit contains the flight controls and instruments.
2.The wings are the main lifting surfaces which support the aircraft in flight. Aircraft may be divided into monoplanes and biplanes.
3.The tail unit or empennage consists of a vertical stabilizer and rudder and the horizontal stabilizer and elevators to provide the necessary stability in flight.
4.The three basic flight control surfaces are the ailerons, the elevators and the rudder.
5.The power plant is the heart of the airplane. There are many types of engines: turboprop, turbojet, turbofan, rocket engines, etc.
6.The landing gear or undercarriage is used during manoeuvering of the aircraft on the ground while taxying, taking off and landing. In flight the retractable landing gear is retracted into the wing or the fuselage structure.
Билет № 17
New ideas in aviation
Answer the questions
Translate the phrases into English:
пассажирский самолет похожий на планер; планеры имеют очень высокое соотношение крыльев; его скорость движения неизбежно будет намного ниже; дирижабли с высокой скоростью; технология легких, чем воздух воздушных судов значительно продвинулась вперед; расцвет; сопутствующие опасности; обычные суда; перегруженность узловых аэропортов; более удобный вход и выход устройства по сравнению с предыдущим; низкие эксплуатационные расходы; вращающийся в противоположных направлениях проп-двигатель вентилятора
Read the ICAO Alphabet
Read the following numbers according to the ICAO standard:
FL 270, FL 50, heading 040 RWY 12L, RWY 03R, QFE 748, QNH 1017, altitude 4000 ft, height 400 m, visibility 800 m, time 08.47, 123.8, stand 47, gate D6, 23 knots, gusting 25, wind 3600, RVR 600, dew point -2,
Read the following abbreviations and say what they stand for:
DME, FIR, IFR, ILS, IMC, CAVOK, STAR, ETA, EAT, ETD, ICAO, ATIS
Match the standard words and phrases with their meanings
Phrase Meaning
1.Approved A.Подтвердите ясность
2.Affirm B.Отменяю
3.Break C.Раздел раздел4.cancel D.Да подтверждаю
5.acknowledge E.Одобрено, разрешено
6.Break break F.раздел
Read and translate the text
Human factors is a critical aspect of aviation safety, one that ICAO began to address more than a decade ago.
ICAO convened the first in a series of global symposia on flight safety and human factors in 1990. From the beginning, when the first event was held in a city known then as Leningrad, there was a conviction that international aviation could make enormous progress in improving safety through the application of human factors knowledge.
The first symposium was a turning point and the stage for following meetings in the United States in 1993, in New Zealand in 1996 and, finally in Chile in 1999. There have been encouraging developments since 1990, but we still have challenges to pursue: after the Leningrad symposium, human error remains a significant safety concern.
The purpose of the worldwide symposia and 10 regional seminars which were held in the past decade was to increase the awareness of States, industry and organizations in all ICAO regions about the importance of human factors
Билет № 18
Flight Safety
Answer the questions
Translate the phrases into English:
Предотвращение столкновений; икао и государственное регулирование; сбой в конструкции самолета; сбои в воздухе; наземные средства; опасные погодные условия; пересмотрел положения; не является достаточным для покрытия всех возможных ситуациях; чрезвычайные ситуации; общий или простой язык;
Read the ICAO Alphabet
Read the following numbers according to the ICAO standard:
FL 270, FL 50, heading 040 RWY 12L, RWY 03R, QFE 748, QNH 1017, altitude 4000 ft, height 400 m, visibility 800 m, time 08.47, 123.8, stand 47, gate D6, 23 knots, gusting 25, wind 3600, RVR 600, dew point -2,
Read the following abbreviations and say what they stand for:
DME, FIR, IFR, ILS, IMC, CAVOK, STAR, ETA, EAT, ETD, ICAO, ATIS
Match the standard words and phrases with their meanings
Phrase Meaning
1.Roger A.Говорите медленнее
2.Say again B.Выполняю
3.Speak Slower C.Ждите
4.Standby D.Понял
5.Unable E.Повторите
6.Wilco F.Выполнить не могу
Read and translate the text
The ICAO flight safety and human factors programme is safety–oriented and operationally relevant. Moreover, it is practical since it must deal with real problems in a real world. Through the programme, ICAO has provided the aviation community with the means and tools to anticipate human error and contain its negative consequences in the operational environment. Furthermore, ICAO’s efforts are aimed at the system – not the individual.
The global aviation safety plan (GASP) was developed by the ICAO Air Navigation Commission in 1997 and subsequently approved by the ICAO Council and endorsed by the ICAO Assembly. GASP was designed to coordinate and provide a common direction to the efforts of States and the aviation industry to the extent possible in safety matters. It is a tool that allows ICAO to focus resources and set priorities giving emphasis to those activities that will contribute the most to enhancing safety. Therefore the flight safety and human factors programme is among the six major activities that comprise the plan.
Билет № 19
How aircraft fly
Answer the questions
Translate the phrases into English:
Кабина пилота, крылья на фюзеляже, элеваторы, эйлероны, важные стабилизаторы на хвосте, движение из стороны в сторону, движение вверх и вниз, шасси находится под фюзеляжем, колеса, крепкие шины, вертикальный стабилизатор, горизонтальный стабилизатор, законцовки крыльев, закрылки, сократить скорость
Rea the ICAO Alphabet
Read the following numbers according to the ICAO standard:
FL 270, FL 50, heading 040 RWY 12L, RWY 03R, QFE 748, QNH 1017, altitude 4000 ft, height 400 m, visibility 800 m, time 08.47, 123.8, stand 47, gate D6, 23 knots, gusting 25, wind 3600, RVR 600, dew point -2,
Read the following abbreviations and say what they stand for:
DME, FIR, IFR, ILS, IMC, CAVOK, STAR, ETA, EAT, ETD, ICAO, ATIS
Match the standard words and phrases with their meanings
Phrase Meaning
1.Disregard A.Прослушивайте
2.How do you read B.Нет
3.I say again C.Прослушивайте
4.Maintain D.Подтвердите
5.Monitor E.Правильно
Read and translate the text
Top physical and mental condition is a vital requirement for ATC controllers. Therefore they undergo strict medical examination which are repeated at periodic intervals.
The controllers should possess a number of qualities which are absolutely necessary for them: a high degree of morality, a very good nervous and emotional balance, a sound critical judgment, a readiness for decisions and an instinct for team work. To become a highly professional controller one must be proficient not only in specialized aviation English but also in plain language because aviation safety depends on accurate pilot – controller communications.
The training of ATC personnel is carried out by different methods using various teaching aids, systems and simulators. Modern simulators can reproduce the whole ATC task from take-off to landing including all manoeuvers even the dangerous ones.
Билет № 20
Russian helicopters
Answer the questions
Translate the phrases into English:
Военный вертолет; нападающий транспорт; пониженный экспортный вариант; Место в том же пространстве ангара; коаксильные роторы; хвостовой винт; сокращение громоздкой электронно-оптической сенсорной комнаты под кабиной; Шасси убирается в целях предотвращения создания помех РЛС; вспомогательный вертолет; Различные конфигурации помещения или оборудования; отделяемый грузовой отсек; система передачи; Поиск и спасание, эвакуации раненых, стихийные бедствия и патрульные варианты; Министерство по чрезвычайным ситуациям России; воздушная скорая помощь, милиция и пожарная; вооруженные разведчик вертолет; Пограничная полиция и Министерство внутренних дел; воздушно-десантные войска, радио-электронное подавление; транспортный вертолет с двумя турбинами;
Read the ICAO Alphabet
Read the following numbers according to the ICAO standard:
FL 270, FL 50, heading 040 RWY 12L, RWY 03R, QFE 748, QNH 1017, altitude 4000 ft, height 400 m, visibility 800 m, time 08.47, 123.8, stand 47, gate D6, 23 knots, gusting 25, wind 3600, RVR 600, dew point -2,
Read the following abbreviations and say what they stand for:
DME, FIR, IFR, ILS, IMC, CAVOK, STAR, ETA, EAT, ETD, ICAO, ATIS
Match the standard words and phrases with their meanings
Phrase Meaning
1.Approved A.Подтвердите ясность
2.Affirm B.Отменяю
3.Break C.Раздел раздел4.cancel D.Да подтверждаю
5.acknowledge E.Одобрено, разрешено
6.Break break F.раздел
Read and translate the text
The ATC’s first concern is safety, that is the prevention of collision between aircraft in the air and orderly flow of traffic.
To perform their exacting duties air traffic controllers need adequate facilities. The introduction of radars greatly assists in expediting the flow of traffic reducing the separation minima. Computers are also a powerful tool. They give assistance by taking over routine tasks but they must not dominate the system. The human controller is much more efficient than any current system because it is he who takes responsibility for controlling aircraft and it is he who takes final decisions in all situations including conflicting and emergency.

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