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Features of Internet communication 's language as a variety of slangПроект выполнила Учитель английского языкаМАОУ гимназии № 115 г. УфаАблязова Альмира Адхамовна In our research we’re going to study English Internet slang, the reasons why it has almost replaced the usual Internet chatting and the verbal culture of young generation as well.The goal is to identify structural and linguistic features of Internet slang in English language chat rooms and features of its translation into standard English.The object of the research is structural-linguistic features of English Internet slang.The subject of the research is chat as a form of modern Internet communication. The materials were texts (messages) of video hosting YouTube What is slang ?Slang is a variant of speaking that doesn’t coincide with the norm of the literary language.Slang is speech of groups, united by common interests. Slang usually contains a lot of words and expressions different from the standard language. Teenagers, students, grown-ups, men and women, gamers and sportsmen, representatives of different professions, nationalities, beliefs, all of them use slang in their lives. Every culture, country, age, society has its own slang. That’s how it works with the internet as well.The XXI century is the era of computerization and informatization of the society. In this connection, changes occur not only in the way of communication between people, but also in their lifestyle. The society requires of a person mobility, including the use of language. People address to the global Internet to communicate with a huge number of people living in different cities, countries, continents. Communication can be either in real-time, on-line and off-line as, for example, on forums, in chat rooms or online diaries.Today many people cannot imagine their life without e-mail and social networking.. Internet environment also has its own features, thanks to which the communication between users of the Network takes place. Virtual reality requires of a person the knowledge of the norms of communication, the knowledge of Internet language, so-called Internet slang The modern network slang is wide and variedAbbreviations created by Internet users include not only short and well-known abbreviations - LOL (laughing out loud, laugh out loud), IMHO (in my humble opinion), JK (just kidding), OMG (Oh my god) etc, but other more complexes. If you want to express your dislike for the other person and cut the conversation quickly, you can say KTHXBAI (OK, thanx, bye) or vice versa to emphasize your good attitude, you can use LYLAB (Love you like a brother) or LYLAS (Love you like a sister). And in order to get rid of the boring interlocutor, you can easily send him or her to “Google” Internet slang (or Cyber-slang) is used by thousands teenagers on the web in everyday communication. They constantly use it with the purpose of saving keystrokes or/and time. They use it because it's cool and fun. They use it to figure out new ways to say things, and because slang makes it harder for adults to figure out what they're writing or saying. It is very comfortable, simple and popular to use slang chatting with your friends, class- or workmates and parents. But the appearance of the particular Internet language displeased many adults because the younger generation communicates through Internet slang and sometimes does not see the limits of its application and, getting used to the "simple" words, become illiterate. Characteristic features of Internet communication. Anonymity. On the most servers people don’t use their real names and surnames. They hide behind their nicknames that allow them to relax, to be liberated and to express openly their true opinions while communicating. 2. Emancipation and ease of communication defined by the anonymity, by the absence of any stiffness for users of Internet servers. Sometimes due to excessive emancipation members of on-line communication allow themselves to use foul, abusive language. 4. Information. Internet users can get lots of useful information, while users who know particular information are ready to help and put on the server the information you need. 5. The absence of social and age borders between users. Internet users can be people of different ages and backgrounds, of different nationalities and faiths. But these people have common interests. For example, visitors to a forum are united by any computer game, by the desire to share information about it, to express their opinion and to learn the opinion of other players. Poor spelling rulesOne of important linguistic features of the Internet texts is poor spelling rules. Often the English Internet text resembles a distorted transcription, demonstrating a strong link of spelling with phonetics. For example, the verb "be" can be written only by one letter of the English alphabet "b". And the adjective "some" is phonetically similar to "sum". “Substitutes”In English Internet texts many letters and letter combinations and even whole words have “substitutes” in the form of digits.For example, you can replace the English preposition "for" to the digit "4(four)", which pronunciation is almost identical to the pronunciation of this preposition. The preposition "to" is replaced by the digit “2” (two) on the same principle. Use of signs of one caseAnother violation of the rules of spelling in the Internet text is the use of signs of one case, i.e. the writing of all the text with all little or all capital letters. This is because the author, wishing to save time typing, doesn't switch registers of the keyboard.The writing of words (phrases) with capital letters performs the additional function of attracting attention, being the analogue of increased tone or even cry. Poor rules of punctuation English Internet texts are also characterized by poor rules of punctuation. Most often it’s lack of a comma. The dot at the end of the sentence is rarely put. Sometimes the dot can be replaced by emoticons. One of the most "valuable" punctuation characters for the Internet text is the ellipsis. The ellipsis (in some cases, their number can be virtually unlimited) notes a pause. It can be used both at the beginning and at the end of a phrase, to separate one sentence from another, and to assume the function of "space". In this case, as a rule, the more points, the longer the pause. .In addition, the use of slang, neologisms, dialectisms is characterized for English Internet texts . This is due to young people who speak their own separate language. For example, the phrase “want to” is written in slang as “wanna”. And “going to” is successfully replaced by“gonna”. Nowadays, slang includes thousands of words, and special dictionaries of Internet slang are even published. Here are some English words, recorded in Internet slang:• H8 - hate• L8r – later• Thx – Thanks• U - you• 2moro – tomorrow We structurally divided Internet-slang into three types: acronyms, shortenings and graphons. AcronymsAcronyms are words formed from the first letters of several words. In Internet-communication such structures are usually used for writing phrases and expressions. For example, “BTW” can be translated in literary English as “By the way”. “ASAP” means “as soon as possible”. A well-known among the users of chats “FAQ” stands for “Frequently Asked Questions”. Also some words, such as “see” and “be” replaced by the first letters “C” and “B” on the basis of phonetic similarity. ShorteningsShortenings are used to remove unnecessary parts of the words while retaining their meaning. Vowels are often removed, but the full form of the word can be easily restored. For example, the word “please” is written in Internet slang as “pls”. On the same principle the reduction of the word “thx” – “thanks” is based. Also unpronounceable letters can be cut. We can reduce the first and the last letters in the verb “are”, and without prejudice to the meaning, leave only the letter “ r”. GraphonsGraphons are words in which symbols are used: digits and punctuation marks. For example, digit 2 (two) is often used instead of “to” and 4 (four) instead of “for”. In addition, the preposition “at” is often replaced by the sign "dog" - @. Try to guess the meaning of these phrasesa very c%l concertXlnt, thxI like 2)How R u?- OK n u? It L B 2moroI L send a msg 2 u wen I tlk him@ 7 o’clock Fragment of correspondence SoRen600:-Hi**** *******:-hiSoRen600 :-Can u help me w/ boulevard of b d by green day?**** *******:-okSoRen600 :-What is the strumming**** *******:-http://tabs.ultimate-guitar.com/g/green_day/boulevard_of_broken_dreams_acoustic_crd.htm chords 4 the songSoRen600 :-Xlnt, thx. Good song)**** *******:- like 2). BTW I was at their concert 2 years agoSoRen600 :OOOOOOO! I wan2!Thx again))**** *******:-It was a very c%l concert! I luv them, the songs on the guitar sound is very good) Test There is correspondence of two young boys. When writing text guys used words of English Internet slang. Your task is to translate it by writing a translation (into literary English) of each line (literally)Hi Jim, It is David. How R u? ___________________________________•OK n u? _____________________________________________________•OK 2. Wer r u? _______________________________________________•@ John’s. ___________________________________________________•O I С. D u wnt 2 visit our school group concert ? __________________•Wot?Wen?___________________________________________________ •It L B 2moro. ________________________________________________•c%l, Wen does it starts?________________________________________•@ 7 o’clock. _________________________________________________•I L B L8…But I L definitely come. _______________________________•Xlnt! N Could u tell Sam about the concert? ________________________•Y, OK. I L send a msg 2 u wen I tlk him ___________________________•THX. I m w8ting 4 ur msg. ______________________________________•Pls, good bye, c u l8tr __________________________________________•Bye ________________________________________________________ The test results (%) Difficulties in translation of Internet slang (%) Summarizing of the workIn our research, we came to the following conclusions: • understanding of Internet slang depends on the level of English language proficiency; knowledge of the syntax, and features of word formation; knowledge of the phonetic features of English; • the test results indicate that many students are members of Internet communication and familiar with the features of communication in chats. Our hypothesis that lack of knowledge of the structural and linguistic features of English Internet slang will make difficult to understand messages in English language chat rooms confirmed. Thus, the research problems are solved and the purpose of the work is achieved.