Правила чтения на английском языке


Правила чтения гласных букв под ударением
I тип
Открытый слог II тип
Закрытый
слог III тип
Гласная +
«r» IV тип
Гласная +
«r» + «e»
a [ ei ] name [ æ ] flag [ a:] part [ eə] hare
o [ əu ] rose [ Ɔ ] stop [ Ɔ: ] sport [ Ɔ: ] store
e [ i:] Pete [ e ] pet [ ə: ] Bert [ iə ] here
u [ ju: ] music [ Λ ] bus [ ə: ] fur [ juə] pure
i/y [ ai ] Mike
type [ I ] six
syd[ ə: ] sir [aiə] fire
Правила чтения буквосочетаний
oo – [u], [u:] – book, look
ee – [I:] – tree, see
ea - [I:] – tea, meat
ch – [ t∫] – cheese, catch
sh – [∫] – she, shop
ck – [k] – stick, back
ph – [f] – phone, photo
th – [θ] – thin, three
th – [ð ] – this, those
wh – [w] – what, why
wr – [r] – wrong, write
ng – [ŋ] – song, ring
kn – [n] – knife, knee
all – [Ɔ:ll] – ball, wall
wa, wha – [wƆ] – water, what
ass, ask, ast – [a:s(k,t)] – class, past
ai, ay – [ei] – may, play
au, ou – [Ɔ:] – august, clrawei, ey – [ei] – eight
ow – [əu] – в конце слова – yellow
ild, ind – [aild, aind] – kind, child
air – [eə] – chair, hair
ear – [iə] – near, clear
eer – [iə] – engineer, cheer
qu – [kw] – quick, square
ge – [dʒ] – page, large
gi, gy – [g] – given, begin
tion – [∫ən]
ew - [ju]

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