London. Victoria & Albert Museum

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London. Victoria & Albert MuseumМБОУ СОШ №3г.Моздок РСО- Алания учитель английского языка Чинаева Раиса Сергеевна 2017 About the Museum and its CollectionFounded in 1852 and opened at its current location in 1857, this amazing museum boasts three thousand years worth of artifacts from the world's richest cultures. The collection includes everything from paintings and photographs to jewelry, ceramics, and textiles.  Collections departmentsThe Victoria & Albert Museum is split into four Collections departments: 1) Asia; 2) Furniture, Textiles and Fashion; 3) Sculpture, Metalwork, Ceramics & Glass; and, 4) Word & Image.  The museum curators care for the objects in the collection and provide access to objects that are not currently on display to the public and scholars.The collection departments are further divided into sixteen display areas, whose combined collection numbers over 6.5 million objects, not all items are displayed or stored at the V&A. Entrance Hall, Victoria & Albert MuseumThe museum's British Galleries are especially impressive and house the most comprehensive collection of British design and art anywhere, spanning four centuries, from 1500 to 1900. Visitors can also explore the four-thousand-year history of glass, browse through myriad examples of post-classical European sculpture, view a photography collection that began back in 1852. Cast Court, V&A MuseumAnd that's only the tip of the iceberg. The V&A also has an impressive collection of East Asian decorative arts, a fashion and jewelry exhibit that ranges from the seventeenth century until today, an impressive metalwork display, and more than fourteen thousand pieces of furniture from Britain, Continental Europe and America that date from the Middle Ages to the present day. Neptune and Triton (Bernini), V&A MuseumThe museum's collection is so diverse it is difficult to pinpoint the highlights. One of the visitor's favorites are the cast courts, a collection of casts of famous European monuments and sculptures. At the end of the nineteenth century casts were a popular way of showing famous foreign monuments to the people. Among others, there are casts of Trajan's column in Rome, the Portico de la Gloria from the Cathedral of Santiago de Compostela in Spain. Sultan Tipu's TigerAnother favorite is the 'Tiger of Tipu', an eighteenth-century wooden mechanical construction depicting a British soldier attacked by a tiger. The construction, which was built for the Indian Sultan Tipu, even produces growling and screaming sounds.  Museum ArchitectureThe landmark front facade of the Victoria and Albert Museum stretches 220 meters (720 feet) along Cromwell Gardens. Most of the detail is Renaissance though the building does have some medieval elements. The shallow arches supported by slender columns are Romanesque in form and the detail there is decidedly classical. The tower above the main entrance is reminiscent of those built in the late Gothic period, particularly in Scotland. The extensive use of marble is evident in the interior.  Использованные источники:

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