Традиции Великобритании

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Обычаи и традиции: мост от прошлого к будущему Овчарова Софья студентка 2 курса специальность «Стоматология профилактическая»Руководитель: Жаркова О.Б. КГБПОУ «Барнаульский базовый медицинский колледж» Барнаул 2016 Content Introduction Royal Traditions Christmas Customs Sports and Games Food and Drinks Conclusion Sources of Information Introduction So many countries so many customs. Every nation and every country has its own traditions and customs. Traditions make a nation special. The British have many traditions, manners and customs of which they can be proud. Some British customs and traditions are famous all over the world. Royal Traditions THE TROOPING OF THE COLOUR two birthdays of the Queen real birthday - April 21st official birthday - the second Saturday in June THE CHANGING OF THE GUARD every day at Buckingham Palace Soldiers who stand in front of the palace change each morning at 11.30 Royal Traditions MAUNDY MONEYthe day before Good Friday, at Easterthe Queen gives money to a group of old peoplean over 1,000 years old tradition THE QUEEN'S TELEGRAMa not very old custom оn his or her one hundredth birthday Royal Traditions THE STATE OPENING OF PARLIAMENTevery autumn the Queen:travels from Buckingham Palace to the Houses of Parliament in a gold carriage – the Irish State Coachsits on a “throne” in the House of Lordsreads the “Queen’s Speech” Christmas Customs CHRISTMAS CAROLS the Sunday before Christmas carol singers collect money for charitythree famous ones are: “Good King Wenceslas”, “The Holly and The Ivy” and “We Three Kings” Christmas Customs CHRISTMAS CARDS1843 - the first commercial Christmas card produced in Britain by Henry Colethe handcoloured print inscribed with the words ’A Merry Christmas and A Happy New Year to you’ Christmas Customs CHRISTMAS TREEthe German tradition brought to Britain by Queen Victoria’s husband, Prince Albert in 1841CHRISTMAS MISTLETOEan older tradition brings good luckpeople kiss their friends and family under the mistletoe Christmas Customs ROAST TURKEY before 1800 goose was the traditional meat at Christmas CHRISTMAS PUDDING made months before own Christmas pudding recipes in each family a silver coin for good luck a piece of holly on the top Sports and Games RUGBY a team game with an oval ball fifteen players in each team played from 1823 FOOTBALL is better known as “soccer” Sports and Games Sports and Games GOLF typical for the countryside developed in Scotland a ball and golf stick game played on a natural field Sports and Games Food and Drinks Food and Drinks TEAIndian or China tea5 o’clock tea - introduced in England by Anna, the seventh Duchess of Bedford, in the year 1840three kinds of tea: cream tea, light tea and full tea Food and Drinks Food and Drinks PUBSshort for “public house“open at lunchtime and again in the evening“real ale” - very strong beer from an old recipe”buying a round“ - one person buys all the others a drink Conclusion To know the customs and traditions means to understand the people, their art and culture better. Working on this topic I came to conclusion that British people are very conservative. They are proud of their traditions and keep them up very carefully. You cannot really imagine Britain without all its traditions. Sources of Information Письменная, О.А. Окна в англозычный мир [Текст] (история, география, социальные аспекты, языковая ситуация). / О.А.Письменная; К.: ООО «ИП Логос», 2004. – 544с. – Библиогр.: с. 527. – 6000 экз. – ISBN 966-509-076-3.Ощепкова, В. В., Шустилова, И.И. О Британии вкратце [Текст]/ В.В.Ощепкова, И.И.Шустилова; М.: Новая школа, 1997. – 176с. - 25000 экз. – ISBN 5-7301-0225-9.Томахин, Г. Д. По странам изучаемого языка = Across the countries of the English language : Английский язык. Справочные материалы / Г. Д. Томахин. – 2-е изд., испр. – М. : Просвещение, 1998. – 256 с. – мяг. обл. – На рус., англ. яз. – ISBN 5-09-007794-0: 21.00.  REF.BY 2006 [Электронный ресурс]. - Traditions and holidays of Great Britain – Режим доступа: http://www.ref.by/refs/29/4917/1.html, свободный. - Загл. с экрана.–Яз. рус., англ.

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