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Cinema and the TheatreWhat do you like more?Vic Khorkova, Salekhard,2009the teacher: S. V. Bochkaryova Cinematography Cinema is a kind of people’s activity, kind of Art, which means the creation of moving pictures. It was invented in 1895 by Lumier brothers in France and it became popular in the XXth century. It goes without saying that influence of cinema upon the world and modern culture is great. In the USSR films were created to make people believe in the power of the Soviet State. Now we watch films to entertain, to relax, to think. Films can make people laugh and cry, suffer, be sad or happy. The biggest success in films production was made in Hollywood. In the beginning of the XXth century there was just one film studio, but now it became the great town of actors, artists and film directors. Usually the western film industry is associated with this place, because many cinema and pop stars live and work there. Do you know the names of these people? However it doesn’t mean that Russian cinematography is bad. We have great film directors and real masterpieces of cinematography, such as «Voroshilovsky strelok» by S. Govorukhin, «They protected their Motherland» by S. Bondarchuk, «Sibirsky tsirulnik» by N. Mikhalkov and so on. Now, look some pictures from different films. Please, give me the name of this film And what about this one? Do you know who is the director of the film? Cinematography is one of the most wonderful and surprising inventions of humanity! It is amazing, touching, breathtaking, romantic, scaring and funny! Theatre Now I’d like to tell you about the Theatre. It is the great kind of Art too, where author’s thoughts, ideas and feelings are shown through creative works of actors. Russian theatre Our theatre started from the traditions of paganism, its traditional rituals and dances. People put on different masks and ran around the fire in the middle of the circle. During the times of Peter the First theatre got big development, because people liked different European traditions. One of such traditions was carnival (and it was a kind of the theatre). After the technological revolution in the XIX-th century the theatre became a really popular art. When cinematography was invented, theatre and cinema were like rivals. Some people said that cinematography could kill the theater. Well, now we can see that it’s not right. Theatre is still alive, it is a great art, people like it and buy tickets for performances. In modern society I think every intelligent person should go to the theatre, to watch some places and enjoy this wonderful atmosphere. Now in Russia there are many famous theatres, such as The Bolshoi Theatre in Moscow The Malyi Theatre in Moscow the Mariinskiy Theatre in Sanct-Petersburg and what theaters do you know? So… In conclusion I’d like to say that Art is a wonderful thing!! It doesn’t depend, what kind of Art is it - music, theatre, painting or cinema. It teaches us to see the beauty of the world, to listen to beautiful sounds of nature, and it helps us understand our inner world better and the society around us. «All genres of art are good, except boredom. But boredom is not a genre» (Volter).