Read the text. For the questions (1, 2, 4) choose the answer (a, b, c or d) which you think fist best according to the text. For the questions (3, 5) write a short answer.
Dead Sea in Danger
The Dead Sea, the saltiest body of water of the earth and a wonderful natural treasure, is becoming smaller and smaller because of decisions by people to use part of its waters.
The Dead Sea is located at the lowest point of the earth, almost 400 metres below sea level. It is 50 kilometres long. Just 40 years ago it stretched 80 kilometres in length.
One of the main reasons for the sea’s shrinking* is lack of water. 90% of the waters that flow from the Jordan River, which traditionally goes into the Dead Sea, is taken for drinking and agriculture in Israel and Jordan.
Besides, local industry adds to the dead Sea’s problems. They use the water for getting necessary minerals. It’s a real disaster for the Sea.
Now hundreds of thousands of tourists come to the Dead Sea every year. Its water is so salty that a man can read a newspaper comfortably while lying on his back on the the water. The water contains a lot of sulphur**, and the thick black mud*** that is found at the sea’s beach is very useful for people with skin diseases. Tourist treat their bodies with the black mud, but they don’t think about the Dead Sea’s troubles.
It can be saved – but time is running out.
* shrinking – уменьшение
** sulphur – сера
*** mud – грязь
1. Where is the Dead Sea located?
a) At the highest point of the Earth
b) At the hottest place of the Earth
c) At the lowest point of the Earth
d) At the coldest place of the Earth
2. According to the text how long is the Dead Sea now?
a) 400 metresb) 50 kilometresc) 80 kilometresd) 40 kilometres3. Find and write down the sentence that says why the Dead Sea is in danger?
4. What are two main reasons for taking off part of the Dead Sea’s water?
a) Thousands of tourists come to the Sea to treat their diseases; the Dead Sea’s water is used by local industry.
b) People take water from the Jordan River for their needs; they use the Dead Sea’s water for getting necessary minerals.
c) Local industry uses its black mud; people take the Sea’s water for agriculture and drinking.
d) 90% of the Jordan waters is taken for drinking and agriculture in Israel and Jordan; thousands of tourists come to the Sea for treating.
5. Why does the text finish with the words: It can be saved – but time is running out? Explain your answer.
Listen to the text and make tasks.Environmental problems is the most burning problem of today.
The ecological problem influences the climate on the Earth. Mankind long believed that , whatever we did, the Earth would remind much the same. Nature is under threat. Our country’s pollution can be every country’s problem. So we all need to work together to safeguard our environment.
Air pollution is a very serious problem. Industrial enterprises emit tons of harmful substances . They are the main reason for the greenhouse effect and acid rains. The pollution of air and the world’s ocean, destruction of the ozone layer is the result of man’s careless interaction- with nature a sign of the ecological crises.
Rains, full of acid chemicals, change lakes, rivers, as well as forests. Acid water kills the plants and animals that usually live in water. Acid rain makes the Earth more acidic and some kinds of trees can’t live in the sol that is very acidic. Forests are disappearing and this upsets the oxygen balance.
Water pollution occurs mostly , when people overload the water environment such as streams, lakes, underground water, bays or seas with wastes or substances harmful to living being.
Nuclear weapons is also course of the pollution. It brings a great damage to the agriculture, forests and people’s health.
The greenhouse effect and global warming both correspond with each other. The greenhouse effect is recalled as incoming solar radiation that passes through the Earth’s atmosphere but prevents much of the outgoing infrared radiation from escaping into outer space. It causes the overheat of the air as a result we have the global warming effect.
People are beginning to realize that environmental problems are not somebody else’s. In many countries environmental protection agencies and research centers are up. Such organization as “Green Peace” cares for ecology in countries. Its main goal is to combine the people’s efforts for peace with the huge and ever mounting movement launches all kind of environmental actions and inform of the ways, means and results of this work.
1. Fill in the table.
2. True / False
1. Environmental problem isn’t the most burning problem of today. (False)
2. We all shouldn’t work together to safeguard our environment. (False)
3. Nuclear weapons are also course of the pollution. (True)
4. People are beginning to realize that environmental problems are somebody else’s. (False)
5. Such organization as “Green Peace” cares for economy in countries. (False)
3. Answer the following questions.
1. What does nuclear weapon bring damage to ?2. How is the Greenhouse effect recalled or how does it work?
3. What is the main goal of “Green Peace”?
1. It brings damage to the agriculture, forests and people’s health.
2. The Greenhouse effect is the problem of rising the temperatures and not going out the heat to the outer space.
3. Its main goal is to combine the people’s efforts for peace.
Задание: составить письменное высказывание с элементами рассуждения.
You are a member of ecological school society. Make a report on the ecological conference on the theme:
1) Human beings are killing our wonderful planet.
2) What to do with rubbish?
3) Let’s make our planet better place.
Task: Give the title of your report.
Write 75-80 words.