Внеклассное мероприятие на английском языке «THANKSGIVING DAY: ITS HISTORY, TRADITIONS, SYMBOLS»
Оборудование: плакаты c изображением символов Дня благодарения: индейки, рога изобилия, кукурузы, тыквы, бобов, клюквы, выполненные учащимися 9 классов, проектор.Narrator: Good afternoon, our dear guests! We have gathered today to speak about one of the most important traditions of the USA «Thanksgiving Day». And we`ll start from the very beginning – Thanksgiving history.
Pupil 1: In the year 1620, a ship named the Mayflower brought 102 English men, women and children to the rocky coast of what is now Massachusetts , one of the 50 states of the United States of America. The ship`s passengers were Puritans – members of a religious sect which was unpopular in Britain because its members wanted to reform the Church of England. They came to America to found a community where they could practice their religion without interference.
lefttop00Pupil 2: It was late in the year when the Pilgrims landed and founded the colony they called Plymouth. They had only the belongings that they had brought on the small ship. The winter was cold, and about half of the Pilgrims died. In the spring, with advice and help from the Indians, with whom they lived in peace, the Pilgrims planted corn (known also as maize) and other crops and prepared as well as they could for the next winter.
Pupil 3: In October 1621, to celebrate the good harvest, the Pilgrims held a feast which featured, among many other foods, wild turkey, which is native to North America. They called this their day of thanksgiving, held to thank their God for his blessings.
Pupil 4: And now we`d like you to answer the questions of our Thanksgiving quiz. But there won`t be winners or losers in it. Moreover, we`ll help you if you have some difficulties with answers.
1) What year did the Pilgrims have their first Thanksgiving feast?
2) What type of meat was probably NOT on the Pilgrims` Thanksgiving menu?
B. fish Answer: there is no evidence that the colonists had butchered a
C. lobster cow by this time and that they had brought cows with them from
D. fowl England.
3) The Horn of Plenty, which symbolizes abundance, is also called what?
A. Dance cap
B. Corn you cope
C. Fruit basket
E. Bushel basket
4) Who is credited with leading the crusade to establish Thanksgiving Day?
A. Sarah Jessica Parker
B. Sarah Josepha Hale Answer: During the Civil War, poet Sarah Hale C. Sarah Lee started a campaign to celebrate the holiday on the
D. Sarah Todd same day throughout the country.
E. Sarah Palin
5) Which vegetable or fruit was NOT on the menu at the first thanksgiving feast in 1621?
B. berries Answer: These were not common.
6) Which president moved the date of Thanksgiving twice?
A. F.D.Roosevelt Answer: After a national Thanksgiving celebration had
B. Nixon been proclaimed on the last Thursday in November it was
C. Teddy Roosevelt changed from the last Thursday to the third Thursday by
D. Lincoln Franklin Roosevelt in 1939 as a way to lengthen the
E. Jefferson Christmas shopping season. In 1941, Roosevelt finally
changed the date to the fourth Thursday in November,
proclaiming it a Federal holiday in 1941.
7) The reason Thanksgiving was moved up a week was …
A. because the public wanted it moved
B. to lengthen the Christmas shopping season
C. to ward off evil spirits
D. to put it in line with the original Thanksgiving ceremony
E. so it would be during warmer weather
8) When Congress made Thanksgiving an official holiday, they set the date as…
A. the third Thursday in November
B. the fourth Thursday in November Answer: President Franklin D.RooseveltC. the last Thursday in November set the date for Thanksgiving to the fourth
D. November 24 Thursday of November in 1941 (approved
E. the second Monday in October by Congress)
Pupil 5: And now let`s talk about Thanksgiving symbols. (на экране появляются слайды с изображением индейки, рога изобилия, кукурузы, тыквы, бобов, клюквы)
The celebration of Thanksgiving will be incomplete without the legendary Turkey. The Turkey derives its name from the `turk turk` sounds it makes when scared. The famous `Turkey` adorns the table of every non-vegetarian household as a main course during the celebration. The customary dinner is a reminder of the `Four Wild Turkeys` served at the `First Thanksgiving Feast`. The festivity completes with the customary `Turkey Song`.
The cornucopia, also known as the `horn of plenty` is the most common symbol of a harvest festival. A horn shaped container, it is filled with the abundance of harvest. The traditional cornucopia was a curved goat`s horn filled to brim with
fruits and grains. According to Greek legend, Amalthea (a goat) broke one of her horns and offered it to Greek God Zeus as a sign of reverence. As a sign of gratitude, Zeus later set the goat`s image in the sky also known as constellation Capricorn.
One of the most popular symbols of Thanksgiving is the Corn. With its varieties of colors it makes for a very interesting symbol. Some Americans considered blue and white corn to be sacred. It is believed that Native Americans had been growing corn a long time before the Pilgrims arrived in their country. The Americans taught the Pilgrims how to grow corn and helped them survive the bitter winter. Corn eventually became a part of the first thanksgiving dinner and the tradition continues today where the corn finds its place on every dinner table all over the world and especially during the Thanksgiving dinner. Ornamental multi-coloured Indian Corn is a favourite with the masses during the festival. The dining tables are
decorated with harvest wreaths made of cornhusks which are also a very popular gift item among Americans. Ornamental popcorn is also widely used. Corn
reminds us of the importance and heritage of the famous harvest festival. It also remains America`s foundation of `Modern-Agriculture`.
`Pumpkin pie` is another modern staple at almost every Thanksgiving table. It is the customary dessert to follow the turkey feast, sometimes served with whipped cream or ice cream. Pumpkin leaves were also used as salads. According to
historians, the pumpkin is one of the important symbols of the harvest and has been an All American-favourite for over 400 years now.
Beans are a special symbol of thanksgiving. Native Americans are believed to have taught the pilgrims to grow beans next to cornstalks, so that beans could grow and use cornstalks as their pole. Thus Americans beans are also known as one of the `Three sisters`, beans are a part of thanksgiving feast.
The Granberry, originally called “crane berry”, has derived its name from its pink blossoms and drooping head which reminded the Pilgrims of a crane. It is a
lefttop symbol and a modern diet
staple of Thanksgiving.
Pilgrims soon found out a
way to sweeten the bitter
cranberries with maple sugar.
Ever since then, cranberry
Sauce is a permanent
companion of turkey during
Pupil 11: Thanksgiving Day has a special significance for Americans because it is traced back to that group of people who were among the first to come to the New World in search of freedom. Today, families gather together for a traditional Thanksgiving dinner. This almost always includes some of the foods served at the first Thanksgiving, roast turkey and cranberry sauce, plus sweet potatoes and pumpkin pie. When Americans sit down to their Thanksgiving dinner, they honor a piece of early American history. The history of the Pilgrims and Native Americans serves as a good reminder for all of us to be thankful for what we have – no matter how much or how little.
“If the only prayer you said in your whole life was, “thank you,”
That would suffice.”