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The Royal Family of the United Kingdom. The British Royal Family is the group of close relatives of the monarch of the UK. The term is also commonly applied to the same group of people as the relations of the monarch in her or his role as sovereign of any of the other Commonwealth realms, thus sometimes at variance with official national terms for the family. Members of the Royal Family belong to, either by birth or marriage, the House of Windsor, since 1917, when George V changed the name of the royal house from Saxe-Coburg and Cotha. This decision was primarily taken because Britain and her Empire were at war with Germany and given the British Royal Family's strong German ancestry, it was felt that its public image could be improved by choosing a more British house name. The new name chosen, Windsor, had absolutely no connection other than as the name of the castle which was and continues to be a royal residence.The Royal Family of the United Kingdom Elizabeth II Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh(husband) Charles, Prince of Wales(son) andCamilla, Duchess of Cornwall(his wife) Diana, Princess of Wales(died) Prince William, Duke of Cambridge(grandson) and Catherine, Duchess of Cambridge(his wife) Prince Harry of Wales(grandson) Prince Andrew, Duke of York(son) Princess Beatrice of York(grand daughter) Princess Eugenie of York(grand daughter) Prince Edward, Earl of Wessex(son) and Sophie, Countess of Wessex(his wife) Anne, Princess Royal(daughter) Prince Richard, Duke of Gloucester(cousin) Prince Edward, Duke of Kent(cousin) Prince Michael of Kent(cousin) and Princess Michael of Kent(his wife) The Queen Elizabeth II Royal Monogram Elizabeth was born in London, and educated privately at home. Her father acceded to the throne as George VI in 1936 on the abdication of his brother Edward VIII. Elizabeth began to undertake public duties during the Second World War, in which she served in the Auxiliary Territorial Service. When her father died in 1952, Elizabeth became Head of the Commonwealth and queen regnant of seven independent Commonwealth countries: the United Kingdom, Canada, Australia, New Zealand, South Africa, Pakistan, and Ceylon. Her coronation ceremony in 1953 was the first to be televised. During her reign of over 59 years, the second-longest for a British monarch, she became queen of 25 other Commonwealth countries as they gained independence. Between 1956 and 1992, half of her realms, including South Africa, Pakistan, and Ceylon (renamed Sri Lanka), became republics. Her Silver and Golden Jubilees were celebrated in 1977 and 2002; planning for her Diamond Jubilees in 2012 is underway. In 1947, she married Prince Philip,Duke of Edinburgh, with whom she has four children: Charles, Anne, Andrew, and Edward. In 1992, which Elizabeth termed her annus horribilis ("horrible year"), Charles and Andrew separated from their wives, Anne divorced, and a severe fire destroyed part of Windsor Castle. Revelations continued on the state of Charles's marriage to Diana Princess of Wales, and they divorced in 1996. The following year, Diana died in a Paris car crash, and the media criticised the royal family for remaining in seclusion in the days before her funeral. Elizabeth's personal popularity rebounded after she appeared in public and has subsequently remained high. Princess Elizabeth aged 3 Princess Elizabeth aged 7 Elizabeth met her future husband, Prince Philip of Greece and Denmark, in 1934 and 1937. After another meeting at the Royal Naval College in Dartmouth in July 1939, Elizabeth – though only 13 years old – fell in love with Philip, and they began to exchange letters.They married on 20 November 1947 at Westminster Abbey. Personal Flag of Queen Elizabeth II. Coat of arms of Princess Elizabeth (1944–1947) Coat of arms of Princess Elizabeth, Duchess of Edinburgh (1947–1952) Coat of arms of Elizabeth II in the UK(except Scotland) Coat of arms of Elizabeth II in Scotland Coat of arms of Elizabeth II in Canada (one of three versions used in her reign) Royal Monogram Diana Spencer was born in the late AFTERNOON on 1 July 1961, in Sandringham, Norfolk. She was the fourth child of Viscount and Viscountess Althorp. As the family was expecting a boy, no name was chosen for a week, until they settled on Diana Frances, after a Spencer ancestress and her mother. At the age of seven, Diana was sent to Riddlesworth Hall, an all-girls boarding school. While she was young, she attended a local public school. She did not shine academically, and was moved to West Heath Girls’ School in Sevenoaks, Kent, where she was regarded as a poor student, having attempted and failed all of her O-levels twice. However, she showed a particular talent for music as an accomplished pianist.Her outstanding community spirit was recognised with an award from West Heath. In 1977, at the age of 16, she left West Heath and briefly attended Institute Vedemanette, a finishing school in Rougemont , Switzerland. At about that time, she first met her future husband, who was then in a relationship with her eldest sister, Lady Sarah. Lady Diana also excelled in swimming and diving, and longed to be a professional ballerina with the Royal Ballet. She studied ballet for a time, but then grew too tall for the profession. Lady Diana moved to London before she turned 17, living in her mother's flat, as her mother then spent most of the year in Scotland. Soon afterwards, an apartment was purchased for £50,000 as an 18th birthday present, at Coleherne Court in Earls Court. She lived there until 1981 with three flatmates. In London, she took an advanced cooking course at her mother's suggestion, although she never became an adroit cook, and worked as a dance instructor for youth, until a skiing accident caused her to miss three months of work. She then found employment as a playgroup (pre-preschool) assistant, did some cleaning work for her sister Sarah and several of her friends, and worked as a hostess at parties. Lady Diana also spent time working as a nanny for an American family living in London. marriageTwenty-year-old Diana became The Princess of Wales when she married The Prince of Wales on 29 July 1981 at St Paul’s Cathedral, which offered more seating than Westminster Abbey, generally used for royal nuptials Prince's first son was William Arthur Philip.A second son, Henry Charles Albert David, was born two years after William, on 15 September 1984. Even her harshest critics agree that the Princess of Wales was a devoted, imaginative and demonstrative mother.She rarely deferred to the Prince or to the Royal Family, and was often intransigent when it came to the children. She chose their first given names, dismissed a royal family nanny and engaged one of her own choosing, selected their schools and clothing, planned their outings and took them to school herself as often as her schedule permitted. She also negotiated her public duties around their timetables Dual Cypher of Prince Charles, Prince of Wales and Diana, Princess of Wales. Entrance to Alma tunnel, where Diana, Princess of Wales had fatal car-crash On 31 August 1997, Diana was fatally injured in a car crash in the Pont de l’Alma road tunnel in Paris, which also caused the death of her boyfriend, Dodi Fayed and their driver, Henri Paul, acting security manager of the Hotel Ritz Paris. Millions of people watched her funeral. Diana's funeral took place in Westminster Abbey on 6 September 1997. The previous day Queen Elizabeth II had paid tribute to her in a live television broadcast.Her sons, the Princes William and Harry, walked in the funeral procession behind her coffin, along with the Prince of Wales and the Duke of Edinburgh, and with Diana's brother, Charles Spencer,9th Earl Spencer. Lord Spencer said of his sister, "She proved in the last year that she needed no royal title to continue to generate her particular brand of magic." The first of two memorials to Diana, Princess of Wales, and Dodi Fayed in Harrods. "Innocent Victims", the second of two memorials in Harrods.