Урок для 8 класса по теме: “What do you know about British traditions?”
Образовательные: укрепить и расширить навыки чтения и устной речи;
Развивающие: развивать чувство языка, развивать навыки чтения;
Воспитательные: привить интерес к культуре и истории Великобритании.
Оборудование: учебник, Encarta Premium DVD 2006, Microsoft® Encarta® Encyclopedia Deluxe 2001.
I. Создание атмосферы иноязычного общения.
T - Hello! Sit down. Today we will speak about British traditions.
2. Речевая зарядка.
T - But first, tell me please, if you like holidays? What’s your favourite holiday? Do you know any traditions? Do you know any British traditions?
3. Фонетическая зарядка.
T - Look at the blackboard. Here you can see the words we'll meet at the lesson, we should pronounce them correctly.
II. Показ функционирования и использования усваиваемого материала.
1. Предъявление нового материала.
2. Обсуждение праздников.
T - Traditions… They make a nation special. Some of them are old-fashioned and few people remember them, others are part of people’s life. Look at the pictures and photos on page 80. What do you think these traditions and traditional celebrations are connected with?
Maybe … is\are connected with …
I doubt but … is\are associated with …
Probably … make(s) me think of …
I can be mistaken but I think …
T - Surely you know more or less about British traditions and celebrations, but there are some things that you haven’t heard about. Read the story below and say if New Year parties are as popular as Christmas ones? Is the First Foot a proper name? Who receives the name “the First Foot”? What superstitions do British people have?
3. Чтение текстов.
P – “In Britain the New Year is not as widely celebrated as Christian. Some people ignore it completely and go to bed at usual time. Others, however, do celebrate it in one way or another. The most common type of celebration is a New Year party.
There is a funny tradition connected with the New Year: the First Foot. This is the first visitor to enter a house in New Year’s morning. He is a person of great importance. The First Foot must be a man because t is believed that if a woman first sets foot in the house, bad luck will follow throughout the year. He may be a chance caller or a person who comes on purpose to let the New Year into the house and bring good luck to the family. Traditionally, the first visitor of the year must carry food, drink and coal into the house. Coal helps to make a fire in midwinter and there shall never be lack of food and drink during the coming year.”
T – Tell me please, do the Russians have a similar tradition?
T - There аre strange places in Britain and strange people connected with them. Read about one of them and try to explain: Who are the Druids? What is Stonehenge used for? Why did the druids choose June 24th? Is this custom observed today?
P – “Midsummer’s Day, June 24th is the longest day of the year. On that day a very old custom at Stonehenge in Wiltshire, England is observed. Stonehenge is one of the Europe’s biggest stone circles that is 10 or 12 meters high. The earliest part of Stonehenge is approximately 5000 years old. But what was Stonehenge? A holy place? A market? Or a kind of calendar? Actually the Druids priests on Britain used Stonehenge for a calendar. They introduced it about 2000 years ago. The sun and the stones at Stonehenge let the Druids know when the months and seasons start. On the morning of June 24th the sun shines on one famous stone – the Heel Stone, this is the most important moment of the year for the Druids. There are Druids in Britain today, too, and every June a lot of them attend Stonehenge. It is a strange, rare but still living custom.”
4. Составление монологического высказывания.
T – And now look at the chalkboard, here you can see some expressions. Let’s read and translate them.
P – Biggest stone circles,
large and high stones,
to consist of a circle group of …,
a kind of calendar,
the Druids priests.
T – Look at the screen, here you can see the view of Stonehenge. Try to use these expressions and tell about this beautiful and ancient place.
P - Stonehenge is a prehistoric and ritual monument. This monument consists of large and high stones. These stones are in spacious fields. They stand alone in these fields. Stonehenge looks like biggest stone circles. Now this monument is in ruins, because it had already passed about 2000 years. Now people try to understand for what the Druids priests used Stonehenge. Some people think that this place was used as holy place. Others think that it was used as an astronomical calendar.
5. Домашнее задание.
- Open your record books and write down your homework. Your homework is to tell about Russian traditions.
6. Итог урока.
- Tell me please, what British traditions do you know? Thank you for your work. The lesson is over. Good bye.