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The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland consists of four countries: England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland. Northern Ireland Scotland England Wales The capital of Great Britain is London. It lies on the river Thames. The symbols of London are the famous tower with the clock Big Ben and red double-deckers. In the centre of London there is the Buckingham Palace. It is the London home of the Queen. The Palace is guarded by Queen’s Guards in red jackets and bearskin helmets. Every day numerous tourists gather to watch Changing of the Guard ceremony . Queen Elizabeth II British Kings and Queens are crowned in the old building of Westminster Abbey. It was founded in 1065 by King Edward. It is a collegiate church . Some famous English people are buried here. There is the Abbey Choir and the Abbey Choir School in it. The British Government works in the Houses of Parliament. You can visit the debates of the Parliament, watch the work of the Government here. The Houses of Parliament Trafalgar Square Trafalgar Square is the main square of the country, the geographical centre of the capital. In the square there is a column. It is 45 meters high. On its top there is a monument to Admiral Lord Nelson, which is 3 meters high. The Tower of London The historical centre of London is the Tower, the fortress on the river Thames. In different periods of its history the Tower was a fortress, a palace, a treasury, an arsenal, a mint, a prison and even a zoo. Tower Bridge Close to the Tower there is a famous bridge over the river Thames. The Tower Bridge was opened in 1894. It is 244 m in length. The central span is raised. The upper span is a walkway. The British people are proud of their great compatriots. Among them are the author of the origin of species Charles Darwin, the creator of classical physics Isaac Newton, the playwright and the poet William Shakespeare, the writers Agatha Christie and Arthur Conan Doyle, the actor and the cinema producer Charlie Chaplin. Charles Darwin Isaac Newton Shakespeare Agatha Christie Arthur Conan Doyle Charlie Chaplin Many holidays in Great Britain and in Russia are alike, for example, Christmas, New Year’s Day, St. Valentine’s Day, Mother’s Day, April Fool’s Day. Also people in Britain celebrate Halloween and St. Patrick's Day. October 31 – Halloween They say ghosts and witches come out on Halloween. Some people have Halloween parties and dress as witches and ghosts. They make lanterns out of pumpkins. March 17 – St. Patrick's DayThe British people celebrate an lrish religious holiday, St. Patrick's Day. This is an important holiday for any family. On St. Patrick's Day people decorate houses, schools and streets with green shamrocks. And they all wear something green. http://s005.radikal.ru/i211/1005/79/191a78ec8a33.jpg http://img-fotki.yandex.ru/get/4412/9324993.159/0_6edb3_94e43070_XL https://sites.google.com/site/mirinteresen/novosti/goroda/irlandia/385071.JPG http://www.tripadvisor.com/Resources-g186338-Maps-London_England.html http://www.turoboz.ru/cmsdb/article_images/images/031(1).jpg http://www.fretnotgospel.com/england-changingoftheguard.jpg http://jubileetimecapsule.files.wordpress.com/2011/06/queen-elizabeth-ii2.jpg http://www.sights-and-culture.com/London/Westminster-Abbey-4141.jpg http://900igr.net/datai/strany/s.-Velikobritanija-2.files/0023-040-Vestminsterskoe-abbatstvo.jpg http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/e/e4/Houses.of.parliament.overall.arp.jpg/799px-Houses.of.parliament.overall.arp.jpg http://img1.liveinternet.ru/images/foto/b/2/200/1337200/f_10057872.jpg http://www.bouletfermat.com/images/trafalgar_square_0384_800x600.jpg http://wiki.nios.ru/images/e/e9/Clay-vinton-william-shakespeare-shekspir.jpg http://www.pinetreeweb.com/conan-doyle.jpg http://daypic.ru/wp-content/uploads/2011/03/10216.jpg http://timnovate.files.wordpress.com/2009/06/charles_darwin_l1.jpg http://www.mygaylife.ru/images/avatar/18cb5ddd870a34bffc03f165.jpg