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THE LAND OF PHARAOHSMade by the pupil of the 6th form Salimov VladGymnasium 58Saratov 2012 The official name of the country is the Arab Republic of Egypt. Egypt borders on the Mediterranean Sea in the north, Israel and the Red Sea in the east, Sudan in the south, and Libya in the west.The climate is arid and dry. The capital of the country is Cairo. Egypt is the gift of the Nile, the longest river in the world. The vast majority of the population lives in the Nile Valley. 96 percent of Egypt’s territory is a desert with a few oases. The official language of Egypt is Arabic. HistoryIn ancient times the valley of the "long river between the deserts" was the seat of one of the earliest civilizations built by humankind. It was known for its development of hieroglyphic writing and its achievements in agriculture, art and architecture. It was the period of Pharaohs. The pyramids were royal tombs. Today they are the visiting card of modern Egypt and the monument to the disappearing civilization. Egypt is a Former British colonyBritish rule lasted from 1882 to 1952.The Egyptian revolution made Egypt a republic and British advisers were expelled. 90 percent of Egyptians are Muslims. Islam is the state religion.There are some general guidelines one should follow in the presence of Muslims:the left hand is considered unclean and should not be used for eating feet should always been tucked under the table alcohol and pork should not be requested. The national dress of EgyptiansEgyptian traditional clothing for men is a long shirt (galabaya) and a shemagh. Trousers are worn under the shirt. Ordinary people prefer white. Women often wear higab, a kind of veil, and a long wide dress. NAMESEgyptians often do not have "family" names in the sense of a last name that is shared by all members of a family. Instead, each person has a given name, followed by the given names of his or her father, grandfather, and so on. For legal purposes one's name has three given names. (For example, Hassan Ali Abdullah)Hassan - given name Ali - father's nameAbdullah - grandfather's name THE RED SEA THE END