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Statue of Zeus at OlympiaRomanova Natasha 11 b
The Statue of Zeus at Olympia was a giant seated figure, about 13 m (43 ft) tall, made by the Greek sculptor Phidias in circa 435 BC at the sanctuary of Olympia, Greece, and erected in the Temple of Zeus there. A sculpture of ivory plates and gold panels over a wooden framework, it represented the god Zeus sitting on an elaborate cedarwood throne ornamented with ebony, ivory, gold, and precious stones.
The statue was crowned with a sculpted wreath of olive sprays. It had gold sandals, and a golden robe carved with animals and lilies. In its right hand was a small chryselephantine statue of crowned Nike, goddess of victory. Its left hand held a sceptre inlaid with many metals, supporting an eagle. The throne was decorated in gold, precious stones, ebony, and ivory.
Zeus seated on a throne, inlaid with ebony and precious stones. The finished statue reaches 13 meters in height and almost touching the ceiling of the temple. The impression that if Zeus stood, it would carry the roof. Along the walls erected platform for viewers to people standing on them could see the face of God. After its completion in 435 BC statue for 800 years remained one of the greatest wonders of the world.
About 40 , AD . e . Roman emperor Caligula wanted to move the statue of Zeus to his Rome . Behind her were sent to work . But , according to legend , the statue laughed and workers fled in terror . Statue suffered after the earthquake in the II century BC. e . , then was restored by the sculptor Dimofontom . In the year 391 BC. e . Romans after the adoption of Christianity, Greek temples closed . Emperor Theodosius I, who claimed Christianity forbade Olympic Games as part of pagan worship . Finally, from the Temple of Olympian Zeus left only basis , some columns and sculptures. The last mention of it relates to the year 363 BC. e . At the beginning of V century BC . e . the statue of Zeus was moved to Constantinople. Statue was burned in a fire temple 425 years BC. e . or in a fire in Constantinople in the year 476 BC. e .
The approximate date of the statue (the third quarter of the 5th century BC), was confirmed in the rediscovery (1954–1958) of Phydias' workshop, sited more or less where Pausanias said the statue of Zeus was constructed. Archaeological finds included; tools for working gold and ivory, ivory chippings, precious stones and terracotta moulds. Most of the latter were used to create glass plaques, and to form the statue's robe from sheets of glass, naturalistically draped and folded, then gilded. A cup inscribed "I belong to Pheidias" was found at the site.
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