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Jimmie Rodgers. Jazz is a musical style that originated at the beginning of the 20th century in black communities in the Southern United States. It was born out of a mix of African and European music traditions: Blues; Folk; March; Ragtime. Louis Armstrong (August 4, 1901 – July 6, 1971) was an American jazz trumpeter and singer from New Orleans, Louisiana. Armstrong was born into a very poor family in New Orleans, Louisiana; he was the grandson of slaves In 1922, Louis Armstrong moved to Chicago, where he played for two years in the Creole Jazz Band, and then moved to New York, where he performed as a trumpeter and singer. In 1933, he makes a great triumphal tour of Europe. In 1946, Armstrong creates a jazz band «All Stars», where we see him more as a singer than as a trumpeter.. In December 1963, Armstrong and his band «All Stars» recorded the song for the musical performance of «Hello, Dolly!». In May 1964 «Hello, Dolly!» took the first place, pushing the disk group "The Beatles". “Hello, Dolly!”I said hello, Dolly,……well, hello, DollyIt’s so nice to have you back where you belongYou’re lookin’ swell, Dolly…….I can tell, DollyYou’re still glowin’…you’re still crowin’…you’re still goin’ strong Louis Armstrong Origins of English music are in the musical culture of the Celts. Among the instrumental genres are : Gigue, country dance, hornpipe. At the end of the 6th century church choral music is developing which is associated with the formation of professional art. The main tools for the classical music are piano, flute, oboe, clarinet, brass instruments . One of the classical English composers is Benjamin Britten (1913 - 1976). Benjamin Britten was a composer, a pianist and a conductor. He began composing music at the age of 8. Since 1929, he studied at the Royal College of Music in London. Already in the works of his youth he showed his original melodic gift, fantasy, humor. In his works solo vocal and choral works take an important place. Britten also involves national English traditions in his music. Some of the best works by Britten, were recognized in England and other countries. The opera "Peter Grimes” belongs to them. In the opera “Peter Grimes” Britten appears as a thin musical dramatist - an innovator. Benjamin Britten Pop music is a genre of modern mass culture. Main features of pop-music are simplicity, melody, rhythm and less attention to instrumental part. The texts of pop-music are usually simple and devoted to personal feelings. For the 1st time the term “pop-music” appeared in English in 1926. But the roots of this music are in volk music, romances and ballads. In the USA such stars as Prince and Madonna appear.Madonna Louise Veronica Ciccone came to New York with 35$ in the pocket. Her first songs she sang in clubs were popular with students. Now she is the most successful American pop-singer, the Queen of Pop-music. Madonna has got 12 albums which are the most sold in all history of pop-music. The status of the Queen of Pop-music she got thank to the song “Hung Up”. This song is about life which passes rapidly:“Time goes by so slowly for those who wait No time to hesitate Those who run seem to have all the fun, I'm caught up I don't know what to do.” Madonna Rock music is a genre of popular music that originated as "rock and roll" in 1950s America and developed into a range of different styles in the 1960s and later, particularly in the United Kingdom and the United States. .The term pop has been used since the early 20th century to refer to popular music in general, but from the mid-1950s it began to be used for a distinct genre, aimed at a youth market, often characterized as a softer alternative to rock and roll. In the aftermath of the British Invasion, from about 1967, it was increasingly used in opposition to the term “rock music”, to describe a form that was more commercial. Nevertheless, pop and rock music have been very similar in sound, instrumentation and even lyrical content. Pop-rock has been defined as variety of rock music represented by artists such as Elton John, Paul McCartney.” The Everly Brothers ”are Rod Stewart and Peter Frampton. Pop rock is defined as a subgenre of pop music that uses catchy pop songs which are mostly guitar-based. The lyrical content of pop rock is "normally secondary to the music. Throughout its history there have been rock acts which used elements of pop, and pop artists who used rock music as a basis for their work, or striven for rock "authenticity".In the song « All I have to do is dream» they sing about their dreams.When I want you in my armsWhen I want you and all your charmsWhenever I want you, all I have to do isDream, dream, dream, dream. The Everly Brothers The early punk stage was formed in New York around a few clubs in 1960s . The club CBGB was its center . In the UK around the same time «The Damned» and «The Sex Pistols» took the stage . They brought aggression and their own manner of behavior into punk culture. A great number of young bands followed them. They became a sensation in the UK and considered to be a real threat to the welfare of establishment . But there were groups which found their own, origin sound . Among them is “the Clash”. They can be proud of two extremely talented composers - Joe Strummer (Joe Strummer) and Mick Jones (Mick Jones), each of which has a unique style and voice. They are beyond the traditional punk rock, drawing into its orbit other styles, including rhythm and blues, reggae and rockabilly. Classical image of the rebels was their hallmark. Hot fighters for justice, idealists who supported the left-wing views, they found a sincere admirers all over Europe and in faraway America. London calling to the faraway towns Now war is declared - and battle come down London calling to the underworld Come out of the cupboard, you boys and girls London calling, now don't look to us Phoney Beatlemania has bitten the dust London calling, see we aim's got no swing 'Cept for the ring of that truncheon thing THE “Green Day “is an American pop punk fate group. It consists of four participants: Billey Joe Armstrong (vocal, guitar), Mike Dyornta (bass guitar, background vocals), To Kul's (percussions) ,Torah. The “Green Day” were part of punk rock movement.. Their first albums, written down in a punk rock style allowed the group to earn a great number of fans. As result the group together with others Californian punks (The Offspring, Rancid) lifted a wave of huge interest to the pop punk music not only in the USA, but also around the world. The “ Green Day” continue to inspire musicians and to these days. In 2011 the trio was recognized as the best pop punk group in the history of music as a result of the poll which has been carried out by the “Rolling Stone magazine”. The group was formed in 1986 by Billey Joe's school friends : Armstrong and Michael Ryan Pritchard . The group was originally called “Sweet Children”. The most popular songs are "American idiot" and "Boulevard of Broken Dream“. In the “Boulevard of Broken Dream” they sing : "I walk this empty street On the Boulevard of Broken Dreams, Where the city sleeps and I'm the only one and I walk alone." Green day Hard Rock is a genre of rock music, characterized by the central role of the lead guitarist and compositions. Hard Rock was born in 1960, and its heyday was in the 1970s with the participation of groups like Deep Purple, Black Sabbath and Rainbow. From hard rock in the middle of the 70 began "metal" music. The term "hard rock" is sometimes also used as hyperons for "heavy" genres such as heavy metal, grunge, etc., in order to distinguish them from the pop-rock. What may be perceived as a listener "burden" in hard rock is reached, in particular, through a specific sound electric guitar (with effects such as distortion and overdrive) and the work of the rhythm section. "Classic" hard rock took shape in the late 1960's - early 1970's in the UK. Classic hard rock differs from the heavy metal through more melodic sound. Linkin Park - an American alternative rock band founded in 1996 under the name Xero. In 1999 under the name Linkin Park the group was twice awarded with "Grammy.“The Group found success with their debut album in 2000 under the name Hybrid Theory. We're building it upTo break it back downWe're building this upTo burn it downWe can't waitTo burn it to the ground Linkin Park Opera is a genre of music and drama, in which the content embodied the medium of musical drama, mainly through vocal music. Rock Opera is a symbiosis of Rock and Opera music. Andrew Lloyd Webber is an English composer, the elder son of the organist William Lloyd Webber and brother of the cellist Julian Lloyd Webber. Lloyd Webber started composing at the age of six, his first work was published when he was nine. He studied in Oxford (Magdalena College) where he got to know Tim Rice. He created 18 musicals(among them are ”the cats”,”Jesus Christ Superstar”( together with Rice), “Evita” ,”Wizard of Oz”. 22, 1984 - the day of his birthday and the day of the premiere of his new musical which is called "Starlight Express“. Webber married an opera singer Sarah Brightman, who sang the title role in his new musical – “Phantom of the Opera.” Andrew Lloyd Webber Rap appeared in the 1970s among African - Americans in Bronx district. The father of rap was DJ KooL Herc. Rap was originally read not for commercial purposes but for fun . A talented rapper of Jamaican Descent, Busta Rhymes (Trevor Smith) was born in Brooklyn, in May 20, 1972 . He began reading rap at the age of 12.Older rappers saw his great abilities and helped him. As a teenager, Trevor won the competition for young tapers organized by the group “Public Enemy “.Chuck D. recommended him to use the name Busta Rhymes after the football player J.Rhymes. Chuck helped organize the young man his first hip-hop group “Leaders of the new School.” The group was predicted a great future judging by her debut album “Future without past “(1991) but internal conflicts destroyed the group. After the collapse Busta Rhymes was able to concentrate on his solo career, successfully combining it with cinematic activity.The most popular track of Busta Rhymes is a song under the name «I know what you want» .The rapper is still writing music. Yeah, Shorty I know what you need, I got everything you need,I promise I ain't gonna hold out eitherI'ma give it all to you baby, it's on, bust it. Hip-hop is a music genre or musical form, which is a combination of rhythmic music, and recitative. Sometimes with the presence of melodic verse Hip-hop music is a combination of two musical elements of the subculture of hip-hop - DJing and emsiinga. Subculture of hip-hop was born in 1974 in the African-American and Latino neighborhoods Bronx. Hip-hop developed in the streets of New York.The time from 1986 to 1993 is called the "golden age of hip-hop“ .This is the heyday of hip-hop as a musical genre and the emergence of new genres within it. Kool Herc was the eldest in the family. In 1967 his family moved to the Bronx. The future DJ was very tall for basketball and earned the nickname "Hercules", or "Herc." As a child, Herc was a fan of the famous funk singer James Brown. He was also fond of graffiti.Kool Herc was one of the first DJs in the Bronx.To repeat often places in the tracks that are popular with the public, Herc put together two plates and scroll through them one by one hand to the right place. So a new genre of music hip-hop appeared. At the count of three I want everybody in the place to be To make some noise if ya down with me One, two, three Kool Herc