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QUIZ What is the origin of the word “Don”? The word “Don” may be of the Ossetic origin. The ancient Ossets were the descendents of the Allans – brave and skilful warriors, lived in the southern Russian steppes. The word “Don” meant “water” or “river” How was the river Don called in ancient times? First it was called the Amazoniya, the Greeks named – the Tanais, the Khazars called- the Buzan, the Scandinavians – the Girgis. How many rivers have the same name “the Don” in the world? The fact is that the Don has 5 namesakes. You can find the Don in France, in India, in Scotland near the town Aberdeen, in England- on the bank of this Don river there is a town Doncaster, and in Canada, which flows into the lake Ontario. And what is more in the Azov sea there is the Don peninsula. in Canadain Englandin Englandin India in Scotlandin France When and what places in our region were visited by the great Russian poet A.S.Pushkin? He visited Don Land twice: in 1820 and 1829. Cherkassk (now stanitsa Starocherkasskaya), Novocherkassk, Rostov-on-Don he visited in 1820. TaganrogTaganrog, Azov, Nakhichevan and Starocherkassk in 1829. Who says the next words: “Medicine is my lawful wife and literature only my mistress”? Anton Pavlovich Chekhov By whom was Rostov officially called Rostov and when? The Russian tsar Alexander I, in 1806 In Bauman street № 35 there is a plaque in commemoration of one of the outstanding people of Rostov. Who and what was this man? Caesar KunikovCaesar Kunikov- the courageous major was born in this house. He organized a naval infantry battalion and he was very talented commander. From Azov to Taman Kunikov broke out of the enemy encirclement 5 times. In 1943 the gallant major was fatally wounded and died in Gelendzhik. This man was born in the Don region. There is a museum in Cherkassk dealing with his immortal deeds. Who is he? Stepan Timofeevich RazinThis is Stepan Razin , a gallant ataman, who was born in the former town Cherkassk and now it is stanitsa Starocherkasskaya. In 1921 in Starocherkassk the museum named after him was opened thanks to the local teachers, a mother and a daughter Grinyovas. Nowadays this museum works as a museum of the history of the Don Cossacks. What town is “the old nest” of the Cossacks? This man is a famous Russian sculptor, who created his monuments directly influenced by his experience in the war victories. His diploma work sculpture is situated in Theatre Square near the Gorky Drama Theatre in Rostov-on-Don. Yevgeny VuchetichHis sculptures you can see in Tremptov park in Berlin, in Volgograd- the main monument Motherland on the top of Mamaev hill, in New York - the world famous composition in front of the building of the United Nations. In Rostov-on-Don you can see the architectural fountain complex in Theatre Square near the Gorky Drama Theatre, Sholokhov and Budyonny busts, the monument to the heroes of the Civil War erected in front of our region administrative building. The architectural fountain complex in Theatre Square near the Gorky Drama Theatre in Rostov-on-Don. The main monument - Motherland on the top of Mamaev hill in Volgograd. The Don River mouth area has been an important commercial and cultural centre since the ancient times. Why? Because such settlements as Tanais (Greek colony), Tana (Genoese state fort), Azak (Turkish fortress) were situated in the region. Azov (ancient names: Asgoard, Azup,Tana, Azak kalesi)