Зо тора 3 курс к р


ГБОУ СПО МО «Электростальский колледж»
УТВЕРЖДАЮ
Зам.директора по УМР
____________Л.Г.Жепан«______»___________2015
Контрольная работа по изучению дисциплины
«Английский язык»
для студентов заочного отделения
по специальности
23.02.03 Техническое обслуживание и ремонт автомобильного транспорта
3 курс
Рассмотрены и одобрены на заседании предметно -цикловой комиссии ООГЭС
Протокол №________от ____________ 2015г.
Председатель предметной(цикловой) комиссии ___________________Е.В.ТихоноваПреподаватель________________________________________________Е.И.Миронова
Электросталь
2015
Вариант 1
1.Выполнить письменный перевод всех предложенных текстов и написать обобщающую аннотацию 5-7 предложений.
AUTOMOBILE INDUSTRY IN GERMANY


The Daimler -Benz firm is probably the oldest of all motorcar companies and is still one of the leaders in Germany. It assumed its present form in 1926, when the original Daimler Motoren Gesellschaft of 1890 was combined with the Benz company of an even earlier date. Heavy investment by the banker Emil Jellinec led to successful production; the famous Mercedes and Mercedes-Benz were named for Jellenec's daughter.
Another successful German car is the Opel, named for its original producer, Adam Opel of Russelsheim, who began his factory in 1908. The Opel firm was purchased in 1929 by General Motors and after World War II it produced many small cars which sold extensively in Germany and abroad.
The Volkswagen was designed by Ferdinand Porsche, a sports car maker, later manufactured care under his own name. It was ordered by Adolph Hitler as a car for the German public, but very few were available for the subjects of the Third Reich. After World War II the Volkswagen developed into the largest of German automobile ventures. Daimler-Benz, Opel, Volkswagen and Ford of Germany became the Big Four of the German automobile industry.
AUTOMOBILE INDUSTRY IN FRANCE . One of the pioneer nations in the field, France has created a vigorous automotive industry. The French began well before 1900 with the Panhard-Levassor company, soon followed by the Peugeot.
Another old firm is Renault which began its operations in 1898 and developed one of the largest automobile factories in Europe. Its production included diesel engines, tractors, trucks and marine engines. Renault was one of the first cars to have four-wheel brakes. World War II injured the firm's business, but it recovered to produce successful low-priced cars, of which the Dauphine, 1956, is the best known. Now Renault produces about one third of all French automotive units.
One of the newer French firms, whose long name was simplified to the initials Simca, has become with Renault, Citroen and Peugeot one of the four largest in France. Simca manufactured thousands of Jeep engines for the Allies late in World World Was II.
Peugeot and Citroen have produced principally small cars and racers.
to injure - повреждать to recover - восстанавливать
to simplify - упрощать the Allies - Союзники
AUTOMOTIVE INDUSTRY IN ITALY
Italy has a sizable automotive industry, largely centered in Turin, where the principal plant of Fiat is situated. Fiat also manufactures diesel engines, buses, stationary engines, airplanes and refrigerators. The Lancia car also is made in Turin. Other automotive centres are Milan, which makes the Alfa Romeo; Modena, which produces world-famous Maserati and Ferrari sports cars and racers. Italian automotive production increased markedly in the 1960's, mostly because of the growth of Fiat, which became the fifth largest producer in the world.
logistics - логистика
Warfare - война
Military - based vehicle транспортное средство на основе вооруженных сил Civilian - гражданское лицо satisfy the demands удовлетворите требования Issue - проблема(выпуск) Require - требовать Agile - проворный to reach - достигать severe conditions - серьезные условия(состояния) Same - то же самое Preliminary - предварительный award the contract - предоставьте контракт Prove - доказать look for - искать Overseas - за границей Experience - опыт Exceptional - исключительный Вариант 2
1.Выполнить письменный перевод всех предложенных текстов и написать обобщающую аннотацию 5-7 предложений.
POWER TRANSMISSION
Ручной, механический
позволить
сухое дисковой сцепление
гидромуфта
вести, приводить
жидкость
фрикционная накладка
предлагать
выбор
в последовательности
выбирать
диапазон
manual
allowdry-plate clutch
hydraulic coupling
to lead (led)
fluidfriction pad
to offer
optionin sequence
to select
range Clutches. The clutch is a mechanism for connecting and disconnecting the engine and the manual transmission in cars equipped with a hand-operated gearbox. This operation is necessary when shifting the gears, when starting the car, or when the car is to be stopped with the engine running. Pressure on the pedal disengages the clutch, allowing the engine to run free of the transmission
The single dry-plate friction clutch is used for passenger cars equipped with manual transmission. The development of the hydraulic coupling led to fully-automatic transmission. In the hydraulic coupling, power is transmitted through a fluid rather than a friction pad.
The Clutch
Some type of clutch is found in every car. The clutch may be operated by means of a foot pedal, or it may be automatic or semi-automatic. The friction clutch and the fluid coupling are the two basic varieties. The friction clutch, which depends on solid contact between engine and transmission, consists of: the rear face of the flywheel; the driving plate, mounted to rotate with the flywheel; and the driven plate, between the other two. When the clutch is engaged, the driving plate presses the driven plate against the rear face of the flywheel. Engine power is then delivered through the contacting surfaces to the transmission.
Fluid coupling may be used either with or without the friction clutch. When it is the sole means of engaging the engine to the transmission, power is delivered exclusively through an oil medium without any contact of solid parts. In this type, known as a fluid drive, an engine-driven, fan-bladed disc, known as the fluid flywheel, agitates the oil with sufficient force to rotate a second disc that is connected to the transmission. As the rotation of the second disc directly depends on the amount of engine power delivered, the prime result of fluid coupling is an automatic clutch action, which greatly simplifies the requirements for gear shifting.
Manual transmission.
The manual transmission, or gearbox, provides three or four forward speeds and one reverse. In the United States, 3-speed transmissions standard on passenger cars, with 4-spoed transmissions offered as an option.
The forward gears are used m sequence for starting the cars and are selected according to driving conditions. The third or fourth gear offers highest road speed and best economy for level driving.
Automatic transmission.
Introduced in 1939, fully automatic transmissions have become optional or standard equipment on every American passenger car. The driver has to depress the accelerator pedal, and the hydraulically controlled transmission automatically will shift from the low to high range as the automobile speeds up.
The Power Transmission
The engine power is delivered first to the flywheel and then to the clutch. From the clutch, which is the means of coupling the engine with the power-transmission units, the power flows through the transmission and is delivered into the rear-axle drive gears, or differential, by means of the drive shaft and universal joints. The differential delivers the power to each of the rear wheels through the rear-axle drive shafts.
Manual and Automatic Transmissions
The transmission is a mechanism that changes speed and power ratios between the engine and the driving wheels. Three general types of transmission are in current use: conventional or sliding-gear, Hydra-Matic, and torque-converter systems.
The conventional transmission provides for three or four forward speeds and one reverse speed. It consists of two shafts, each with gears of varying diameters. One shaft drives the other at a preselected speed by meshing the appropriate set of gears. For reverse speed V an extra gear, known as the idler gear, is required to; turn the driven shaft in the opposite direction from normal rotation. In high gear, the two shafts usually turn at the same speed. In low, second, and reverse gears, the driven shaft turns more slowly than the driving shaft. When a pair of gears permits the driven shaft to turn more rapidly than the driving shaft, the transmission is said to have overdrive. Overdrive is designed to increase the speed of a car.
Вариант 3
1.Выполнить письменный перевод всех предложенных текстов и написать обобщающую аннотацию 5-7 предложений.
to employ
to suspend
to affect
strength
coil spring
leaf spring
torsion bar
angle
Service brakes
as for
использовать
подвешивать
воздействовать
прочность
спиральная пружина
листовая рессора
торсион
угол
основной тормоз
что касается
Frame.
In many cars the engine, power transmission system and suspension system are mourned on a structurally independent frame. Some automobile makers employ a design in which the frame and body are welded together to form an integral unit. The main requirement to the design of the automobile frame is that it provides great strength with minimum weight.
Suspension.
The front wheels of most passenger cars arc independently suspended from the frame. Thus the movement of each front wheel is unaffected by the movements of the other. Front suspension may comprise either torsion bars or coil for the rear suspension, most American cars use a fixed rear axle suspended from either leaf springs or oil springs arrangement.
Steering.
The steering gear serves to control the vehicle's direction by changing the angle of both front wheels.
Brakes.
All American automobiles are equipped with two independent brake systems; 4-wheel hydraulic service brakes operated by a pedal and mechanical parking brakes usually operated by a lever.
BODY
The body is the part of the car that accommodates the passengers and their luggage. Body styling is" extremely important for the sales success of the product.
Automobile bodies are constructed by manufacturing a number of subassemblies and then welding these sections into a single unit.
When the body is assembled it is protected against corrosion and painted. The roof and side areas are painted with a mechanical sprayer, the rest of the body is hand prayed. Seat cushions and upholstery are added as the painted body moves along the assembly line.
The completed body is bolted to the frame on the final car-assembly line. With this type of construction, one body can be used with different frames, fenders, hoods and grilles.
These changes can result in a marked difference in appearance between two cars using the same body.
In an alternative body construction, the body and frame form one solid unit. In small cars this type of construction is lighter in weight than the separate body and tome. However, it is more prone to body vibrations. Besides it is not as adaptable for u« with several car lines.
sales
subassembly Продажа
узел
Красить
to paint the rest of Остаток
seat cushions подушка сиденья
Обивка
Законченный
Upholstery Completed Fender Крыло
Hood капот
Grille решетка
to result in Приводить к
Appearance Внешний вид
Solid Цельный
Separate отдельный
Prone склонный
Вариант 4
1.Выполнить письменный перевод всех предложенных текстов и написать обобщающую аннотацию 5-7 предложений.
ENGINE CHARACTERISTICS
In a petrol engine, the movement of the piston between the bottom and the top of the cylinder is termed piston stroke. The highest position of the piston is called top dead centre (TDC). When the piston is in this position the volume between the cylinder head and the top of the piston is known as the clearance volume.
The lowest position of the piston is called bottom dead centre (BDC). The difference between the clearance volume and the total volume when the piston is in the BDC position is tailed the working volume.
To find the working volume, multiply the length of the piston stroke by the cross-sectional area of the cylinder.
To find the compression ratio of an engine, divide the total volume (i.e. the volume - clearance volume) by the clearance volume.
OPERATION OF A 4-SYLINDER GASOLINE ENGINE.Искра
Свеча зажигания
Рабочая жидкость
количество
всасывать
достигать
воспламенять, зажигать
расширяться
нагреваться
толкать
закончить
Spark
Spark plug
Working fluid
amount
to suck
to reach
to ignite
to expand
to heat
to push
to complete
In a four-stroke gasoline engine the cycle of operations consists of four Strokes: suction, compression, power and exhaust.
The first cycle is called suction or induction stroke. During this stroke the piston moves from the top dead center (TDC) to the bottom dead center (BDC) and, the fuel-air mixture is sucked through the opened inlet valve while the exhaust valve is closed. In the cylinder the fuel-air mixture is mixed with the burnt gases forming, the so-called working fluid. As the piston reaches the BDC the inlet valve closes.
The second stroke is called compression stroke. The inlet and exhaust valves are closed. The piston moves up compressing the working fluid. The working fluid compression ensures quicker combustion and formation of high gas pressure in the cylinder. The higher compression ratio the higher gas pressure to the piston during combustion and the engine operation is more efficient.
The third cycle is called ignition, expansion or power stroke. When the piston reaches the top of the stroke a spark runs across the spark plug igniting the compressed mixture.
The mixture bums quickly forming a great amount of heat. The gases from the explosion are heated greatly, expand and push the piston down with considerable force. Moving down the piston revolves the crankshaft. The inlet and outlet valves arc still closed. This is the only stroke during which the gas is doing useful work.
The fourth cycle is called exhaust stroke. In this stroke the intake valve is closed, the outlet valve is open. The piston moves from the BDC to the TDC pushing out the burnt gases through the exhaust valve. When the piston reaches the top dead center exhaust valve closes and the cycle of operations is completed.
2. Инструкция по выполнению домашней контрольной работы.
Контрольная работа включает в себя грамматические задания, и задания на перевод, которые охватывают курс дисциплины «Иностранный язык».
Контрольная работа состоит из текста и заданий к нему. Задания включают письменный перевод текста, используя предложенный словарь, написание аннотации на иностранном языке. Контрольная работа включает в себя 4 варианта. В каждом варианте предложены задания идентичные по сложности. Поэтому студент может выбрать любой понравившийся вариант. Все задания необходимо выполнить в письменном виде.
При выполнении заданий необходимо грамматически верно расписывать полностью выстроенное предложение (без сокращений и упущений слов или фраз).
Контрольная работа должна быть выполнена в отдельной тетради или в напечатанном виде (формат А4). На обложке тетради или титульном листе следует указать специальность, курс, номер группы, фамилию, имя, отчество, дату и номер варианта.
Контрольные задания следует выполнять четким почерком или в напечатанном виде с соблюдением полей, оставленных для замечаний, комментария и методических указаний преподавателя.
3.Перечень рекомендуемых учебных изданий, Интернет-ресурсов, дополнительной литературы
Основные источники:
1.​ Агабекян И.П. Английский язык для технических вузов. – Ростов н/Д: «Феникс», 2005. – 349с.
2.​ Безручко Е.Н. Английский для архитекторов. Пособие по английскому языку для студентов архитектурных и строительных специальностей вузов. – Москва: ИКЦ «МарТ», Ростов н/Д: Издательский центр «МарТ», 2004. – 192с.
3.​ Луговая А.Л. Английский язык для строительных специальностей: Учеб. Пособие. – М.: Высшая школа, 2006. – 166с.
4.​ Мусихина О.Н., Гисина О.Г., Яськова В.Л. Английский язык для строителей. Практикум/Серия «Высшее профессиональное образование». – Ростов н/Д: «Феникс», 2004 – 352с.
5.​ Farrell Mark. British Life and Institutions. – Обнинск: «Титул», 2000 – 144с.

Приложенные файлы


Добавить комментарий