Theses on topic "Typical Russians and foreigners: a myth against reality"
by Lipchanskaya Sofia, Mendgalieva Adema, Minibaeva Kamillastudents of 8 “G” grade of MBEI of Astrakhan "School № 27"
Relevance. In the modern world, intercultural communication is means of obtaining a variety of information, establishing relationships and understanding between people of different nationalities. Meeting with representatives of other cultures, a person tends to interpret their behavior from the standpoint of their culture, and insufficient information about the lives of other people leads to the fact that people distortively perceive mutual cultural differences. Any person has a set of stable ideas about people of a different nationality - these are ethnic stereotypes that attribute certain common signs of behavior to all representatives of a certain nationality (for example, "typical Englishman" or "typical Russian"). Often ethnic stereotypes are the cause of misunderstanding, negative perception or even rejection of some people by others, which is especially important now, when people began to travel more actively around the world.
The goal of this work is to show which representations of foreigners and Russians are most in line with modern reality.
Object of the study: typical Russians and foreigners.
Subject: real characteristics and stereotyped ideas about Russians and foreigners.
Objectives of the study are:
- to identify perceptual problems in intercultural communication;
- to describe the stereotype of a Russian and a foreigner;
- to find out how modern schoolchildren relate to Russians and foreigners.
Hypothesis: if Russians are positive about their nation, they perceive foreigners positively.
Research methods are ways to achieve the goal of research. We applied the following empirical level methods: questioning, counting, measuring, comparing; Methods of the experimental-empirical level: analysis, historical, logical, deduction, hypothetical methods. Theoretical level methods: study and generalization, idealization, analysis and synthesis.
In January 2017, we conducted a survey among the students of the MBEI of Astrakhan "School No. 27", chosen at random. 82 people participated in the survey (42 boys and 40 girls).
Among the primary school students, the majority are girls. However, they lose the championship already from the 5th grade of secondary school (here are the predominantly male person). This situation persists up to the senior level: as can be seen from the data obtained, there are more girls here (groups of 15-17 year olds).
We can explain this phenomenon by looking at the demographic statistics. Since 2002 there has been a spike in the birth rate of girls, and since 2006 – of boys.
For our research, we asked the participants the following questions: 1) How do you feel about foreigners? 2) What is your attitude to the Russians?
As an answer, we proposed to put "+" with a positive attitude, "-" - with a negative attitude, or "neutral" otherwise.
Summarizing the obtained data, we assert that the absolute majority of the age groups of the respondents ("+" 6 groups, "-" 0 groups, "neutral" 2 groups) are positive for both foreigners and Russians.
Let's recall the hypothesis of our study: "if Russians are positive about their nation, they perceive foreigners positively." Thus, the hypothesis is confirmed empirically.