Презентация «Легенды и загадки Казани» (2014г)

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Excursion through Kazan’s lifeKazan is an ancient and very interesting city. Saying about our capital we should mention several moments, which make Kazan’s life. And the first of them is history.
Kazan’s legends and mysteries Kazan is an ancient city with 1000-years old history. It keeps many unbelievable mysteries. The date of establishment is still unknown. According to books Kazan appeared in 1177, although scientists believe that it’d started its history much earlier. Recently in Kremlin archeologists have found foreign coins. That “dinariy” was used since 7 to 10 centuries so scientists have chosen 1005 as the year when Kazan “was born”.

The legend about the origin of the Kazan’s name
Kazan appeared many years ago. It was situated on the seven hills like the Ancient Rome. And there are a lot of legends which explain the origin of the name. But the most interesting legend says about big pan – tatar people call it “kazan”.
Once Khan’s son with his servants was escaping from Mongols. Suddenly he became one of the riverbank. He was tired and wanted to drink, so he told servant to bring him some water in a gold boiler. But servant dropped that Kazan in the river. Khan’s son decided that it was a sign of God and started building among the river. That was created the city, which later became the capital of Tatarstan and the border between Europe and Asia.

Legend about origin of emblem Story about origin of Kazan’s emblem is wonderful, too. It’s strange, that emblem has never been changed. Emblem shows us a legendary dragon, called Zilant. Dragon has a gold crown on his head. What was the main reason to choose such a strange symbol?
The legend says, that there were a lot of snake living around Kazan. A place, where they used to live, called snake’s mountain. Then khan invited sages and asked for a tip. Sages suggested putting straw around the mountain and burning the snakes. They choose one of the men and explained him what he had to do. But when he was about to finish work one snake suddenly attacked him and killed.

But his request was finished and snakes left Kazan’s territory. There was just the snake, which killed the boy. It was left on the Kazan’s emblem.
ppt_y The legend of the lake Long years ago Tamerlan’s army subjugated Bulgaria’s inhabitants. And only the khan could escape. His name was Kaban. He and his friends found a shelter near the lake. Khan built a city there and the lake got the name Kaban. That town was amazing: parks, statues, palaces. But, when construction was over, city drowned.

Primary and secondary educationEducation and sciencePrimary and secondary education system of Kazan includes:282 nurseries, most of which are municipal178 schools, 2 of which are private28 vocational technical schools15 colleges10 special collegesThere are also 49 music schools, 10 fine-arts schools and 43 sports schools. High educationThere are 44 institutes of high education in Kazan, including 19 branches of universities from other cities. More than 140,000 students are educated in the city. Kazan Federal University (founded in 1804) is the third oldest university in Russia after Saint Petersburg State University (1724) and Moscow State University (1755). In 2009 KFU got Federal status as main university of Volga Region. Some other prominent universities are:Kazan State Technical University - founded in 1932. In 2009 it got status of National university;Kazan State Medical University - founded in 1814 as a department within Kazan State University;Kazan State Technological University - founded in 1919 on the base of pre-existing vocational school;Kazan State Conservatory - founded in 1945; ScienceKazan is a major scientific centre in Russia. Kazan formed a big number of scientific areas and schools (mathematical, chemical, medical, linguistic, geological, geobotanical, etc.). It is a subject of special pride: the creation of non-Euclidean geometry (Nikolai Lobachevsky), the discovery of the chemical element ruthenium (Claus), the theory about the structure of organic compounds (Aleksandr Butlerov), the discovery of the electron paramagnetic resonance (Yevgeny Zavoisky) and acoustic paramagnetic resonance (Altshuler) and many others. City hosts:Kazan Science Centre of Russian Academy of Sciences, since 1945. It includes 5 academical institutions.

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