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Grammar in Use Lesson C By I. KukushkinaPassive Voice
Homework Check / Warming Up- W.B. p. 53 ex. 1-2-3-4-5 - Revise the words of the lessons A, B Translate the sentences: Обстановка на сцене была очень красивой. Билетёр показал нам наши места. Партер был полностью зарезервирован. Наши места были рядом с проходом. В конце представления занавес опустился. Это не справедливо называть подростков поколением с квадратными глазами.Музыка громко играла.Сюжет пьесы был непредсказуем. Match the words to make phrasesRecord Go Theme Turn into Sing A computer-game Documentaries are A symphony A good Form of A member of Watch clubbingalong to music an album addict orchestra educational tunes a couch-potato soap operas entertainment laugh the cast
What is our plan?What do you think we will do at the lesson? Act the dialogues Work on grammar Write the test What should you learn?Learn the Passive VoiceLearn the textYour mark for the lesson:Words – 12 pointsA summary exercise – 10 pointsAll in all – 22 points‘5’ – 21 - 22 points ‘4’ – 18 - 20points ‘3’ – 14-17 points Good Luck!
Passive Voice ex. 1 p. 126Read the example and complete the rules with: to be / past participle / person. We use the Passive when we are more interested in the action than in the _____________ or thing who does it. We form the Passive with the appropriate form of the verb _______ and the _________________ of the main verb. to be personpast participle
Passive Voice Be+ V3Present Simple am / is / are + V3 Books are read every day.Past Simple was / were + V3 Books were read every day.Future Simple will be + V3 Books will be read every day.Present Continuous am / is / are being +V3 Books are being read now.Past Continuous was / were being +V3 Books were being read at 6 o’clock yesterday.Present Perfect have / has been + V3 Books have already been read. Past Perfect had been V3 Books had been read by 5 o’clock yesterday. .Future Perfect will have been + V3 Books will have been read by 5o’clock tomorrow.
By / With By + the agent is used to say who or what carries out an action. E.g. The letters were typed by the secretary. (Person) The town was destroyed by the hurricane. (Disaster)With + instrument / material / ingredient is used to say what the agent used. E.g. The photo was taken with a digital camera. The agent can be omitted when the subject is they / he / someone / somebody / people / one …E.g. People have discovered the truth. – The truth was discovered. Ex. 4 p. 126
Practice Ex. 2-3 p. 126 Put the verb into the correct form of the Passive VoiceLetters ____________ (send) every day. Letters ____________ (send) yesterday. Letters ____________ (send) tomorrow. Letters ____________________ (type) now. Letters ____________________ (type) yesterday at 5 o’clock. Letters ____________________ (already type). Letters ____________________ (type) by 5 o’clock yesterday. Letters ____________________ (type) by 5 o’clock tomorrow. Sentences _______________________ (translate) now. Texts ___________________________ (already read). What tense is it?Are being read – Has been done – Will be done – Had been typed – Are built – Is opened – Were written – Present Continuous PassivePresent Perfect PassivePast Perfect PassiveFuture Simple PassivePresent Simple PassivePresent Simple PassivePast Simple Passive
Practice Ex. 2-3 p. 126 Put the verb into the correct form of the Passive VoiceLetters ____________ (send) every day. Letters ____________ (send) yesterday. Letters ____________ (send) tomorrow. Letters ____________________ (type) now. Letters ____________________ (type) yesterday at 5 o’clock. Letters ____________________ (already type). Letters ____________________ (type) by 5 o’clock yesterday. Letters ____________________ (type) by 5 o’clock tomorrow. Sentences _______________________ (translate) now. Texts ___________________________ (already read). PracticeComplete the sentences with the verbs in the Present Simple or Past Simple Passive. 1. More People ___________ by infections than by anything else. (kill) 2. When ________ antibiotics _____________? (discover) 3. About 40 million people in the world ____________ with HIV. (infect) 4. Malaria _______________ by mail mosquitoes. (not transmit) 5. How ________ flu __________ on from Person to person? (pass) 6. Many infectious diseases ______________ by mice and rats. (spread) are killedwerediscoveredare infectedisn’t transmittedispassedare spread
Put the verb into the correct tense. The agreement _________________ (sign) by the governments last week. “Hamlet” _________________ (write) by W. Shakespeare. Let’s start. Everything ______________________ (prepare). The problem ______________________ (not solve) yet. The concert _________________ (show) on TV at 7p.m. tonight. Our children _____________ (take) care of by the nurse on Fridays. You may ______________ (ask) this question by the teacher. Be prepared. The tickets for the play ______________________ (already / sell).Helen ________________ (accompany) to the theatre by her friend last night. The music for “Swan lake” _________________ (compose) by P. I. Tchaikovsky. was signedwas writtenhas been preparedhasn’t been solved will be shownare takenbe askedhave been already soldwas accompaniedwas composed
Word formationCompound adjectives are made up of two or more word and are usually written with hyphens between them. They are often formed like this:adjective, noun or numeral + noun + -ed (grey-haired / two-faced) Adjective or adverb + past participle (V3) (low-paid / well-behaved) Adjective, adverb or noun + present participle (good-looking / long-lasting) Match and translate: Far Red Record Time Self Old blooded fetched breaking consuming fashioned centeredэнергичныйнеестественныйбьющий рекордыэгоистичныйстаромодныйтребующий времени
Phrasal verb ‘turn’ Use dictionary to translate the verb. (Lesson 7 c)Ex. 7 p. 127 Turn On / Off(start / stop a piece of equipment)Up (1. increase the volume2. Arrive sometimes unexpectedly)Down (1. decrease the volume 2. refuse)Over (1. change channels2. Turn so the top part faces down) Turn up 2. turn on 3. turn down 4. turn up 5. Turn down 6. turn off 7. turn over 8. turned over
Dependent prepositions Be famous for – быть знаменитым чем-либо Be impressed with – быть впечатлённым чем-либо Mistaken someone for someone else – принять одного за другого, обознаться Be popular with – быть популярным среди Have got a reputation for – иметь репутацию Translate into English: Шекспир знаменит своими пьесами. Мы приняли его за известного актёра. Мы были впечатлены его музыкой. Он имеет репутацию очень честного человека. Компьютерные игры популярны среди подростков. Ex. 8 p. 127 Shakespeare is famous for his plays.We mistook him for the famous actor. We were impressed with his music.He has a reputation for a very honest man. Computer games are popular with teenagers.
Words often confused Audience – [ˈɔːdjəns] аудитория, публикаGroup- группа, ансамбль Viewers – [ˈvjuːə] зритель, телезритель, наблюдатель Spectators – [spekˈteɪtə] зритель, наблюдатель (viewer, observer)Act – действие, акт пьесыPlay – пьеса, игра (актёров)Set – набор, серияSetting – обстановка, окружение, музыка на словаEx. 9 p. 127
Reflection / Homework Form compound adjectives:Green - hairedRed - nosy Sharp - confident Self - eyed Name all forms of the phrasal verb ‘turn’ What prepositional phrases have you remembered? Homework W. B. p. 54 ex. 1-8 Revise the words and grammar of the module.