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The great inventor Thomas Alva Edison"Genius - is 1 percent inspiration and 99 percent perspiration "Thomas Edison Thomas Alva Edison (02.11.1847 - 10.18.1931) - the great American scientist and inventor, author of such devices that could change lives around the world. Thomas Edison patented 1093 inventions in the US, but still many patents it has received in the UK, France and Germany. That he belongs to the invention of the phonograph, the first electric locomotive, the improvement of the phone (Thomas Edison himself first proposed at the beginning of the conversation to use the word "hello") and many others. Thomas Edison was born in Ohio Mylan United States and grew up in Port Huron, Michigan. Thomas, who was born with a painful and disproportionately due to inflammation of the head, was the youngest child in the family. From an early age Edison suffered from progressive deafness caused by scarlet fever and recurrent infections of the middle ear. Edison studied in school only 3 months, after which his mother took him to the home schooling. From an early age the little Edison sold the first fruits from the garden, and then candy, tobacco and newspapers on trains from Port Huron to Detroit. Since he discovered his entrepreneurial talent. In his spare time, Thomas loved to read. His goal was to read all the local library, so it started from the bottom shelf, and read all the books in a row. In his youth, Thomas Edison worked as a telegraph station, which was first used his invention - a telegraph answering machine. Thanks to this innovation, Thomas could not sleep, working night shifts. Edison's first invention, conquering the public, has become a phonograph, which seemed at the time almost magical device One of the major innovations of Edison was the opening of the first industrial research lab built in Menlo Park, New Jersey. It is in this lab team conducted numerous experiments of Edison and worked on a number of developments.Edison's laboratory in the State of which the number of about 100 employees working, including, and "on demand", but the diversity of interests and obsessed Edison knew no bounds. Based on previous studies and the results of scientific achievements of other scholars of the last three quarters of a century, Thomas Edison corrected many flaws in the already invented light bulbs, such as short time working, high production costs, high energy consumption, which inhibited their commercial-scale implementation. He suggested that more cost-effective option with carbon filament and thus entrenched in the minds of the public as the inventor of the light bulb. A year later, Edison patented a system of distribution of electricity, which was needed for the capitalization of the invention, an electric lamp.The main components of success Edison is the ability to maximize profit at the expense of the possibility of mass production of his inventions. Modern fluorograph used and now, too, is based not only on the opening of Wilhelm Roentgen, but also on the fundamental developments of Thomas Edison and his assistant Clarence Madison Dally, although the Edison abandoned the project, almost lost his sight during the experiments. Among the many inventions of Thomas Edison are also peep show, the electric chair, carbon microphone, and many others. Until the last days of Thomas Edison was a very active, not only as an inventor but as a businessman. He could work for 16-19 hours a day, even in old age. Thomas Edison died in 1931 at his home due to develop complications of diabetes. At the request of his close friend, Henry Ford's son, Edison sealed in a test tube "last breath" the great inventor, now kept in the Henry Ford Museum.