Таблица фраз и выражений для описания графиков и схем


How to describe a chart:
Type of chart Appropriate verb Description
The illustration
graph
pie chart
bar chart
table shows
illustrates
presents the number of…
the proportion of…
information on…
data on…
Describing
The most popular
second most common e.g. car colouris white
Comparing
Red is substantially
considerably
a lot
far
much
somewhat
significantly
slightly
fractionally
more common
less popular than blue
White is about twice
three times as common
popular red
likewise
to reflect
to mirror
to have in common
in the same way
in contrast to
nevertheless
number (e.g. four of ten) students enjoy
percentage (e.g.50%) students enjoy
general (e.g. the majority of / a large number of / most / very few / hardly any) students enjoy
, which constitute / make up / account for 28 %
, which is 28 %
(28%)
just / well under / over
roughly
nearly
approximately
around
about
Time period Sentence
For one month,
For a period of one month,
Over the next month,
During the next month,
From May to June, There was a slight
dramatic
moderate
gradual
slow
considerable
relative
gentle increase decrease
rise
fall
growth
drop
decline in sales
Sales increased
rose
fell
grew
decreased
declined rapidly
slightly
sharply
steadily
slowly
gradually
moderately
remain the same \ stable \ constant
hit / fall to the lowest point
reach a peak
fluctuate
respectively
Expression What to write
In summary,…To sum up,…Express the main point of the illustration again in your own words
In conclusion,…To conclude,…Say something new that doesn’t extend too far beyond what the illustration shows. You can mention future implications, or draw a conclusion.

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