Презентация по английскому языку на тему «Средневековая Британия» (страноведение)


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MEDIEVAL BRITAIN The Norman Period(11 th– 13 th centuries) USEFUL VOCABULARYTo undergo ups and downs - претерпевать взлеты и паденияFlourishing and decay - расцвет и упадокTo achieve glory - достичь славыLandlord - помещик, землевладелецTo claim to the throne - заявить о правах на престол To own land - владеть землейProperty - имуществоSurvey - перепись, опросTo introduce taxes - вводить налогиTo proclaim - провозгласитьThe Crusade (crusader) - Крестовый поход (крестоносец) The Danes occupied the North and the East of England People of the North → Northmen → Normans → Normandy Denmark Normandy All the Danes originally spoke a language related to Anglo-Saxon. But the Normans by the 11th century adopted French. Edward the Confessor 1042 - 1066 Founded the Westminster Abbey. Left no heirs. Promised the English throne to his nephew William, the Duke of Normandy. William the Conqueror 1066 - 1087 Built White Tower (the royal residence).Brought the Norman language to England.The use of two languages:High language (French) for the Norman baronsLow language (English) for the British commons(Latin – the language of the Church) KING (owned the whole of the land) Nobles Every lord must Have land, Every man Must have a lord Knights Freemen Vassals (were granted the lands) Domesday book –(Doom – the Day of Justice)1st economic survey. To get information aboutthe properties –to inroduce taxes. Adela Inherited Normandy Inherited England Inherited 5000 in silver William the Conqueror 1066 - 1087 William II Henry I Robert Robert Henry I(1100–1135) Adela The only son drowned at sea. Daughter Matilda married to Geoffrey, Count of Anjou. Announced Queen. Stephen, the son of Adela. Announced King. 18-year rivalry between Matilda and Stephen.18-year disorder.Matilda’s son HENRY became King. HENRY II PLANTAGENET MEDIEVAL BRITAIN

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