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Beefeaters The Yeoman Warders of Her Majesty’s Royal Palace and Fortress the Tower of London The Tower's Yeoman raven master, Derrick Coyle with one of the ravens Active: since 1485 Country: United Kingdom Role: Palace and Fortress Guard Garrison/HQ: London Commanders Colonel in Chief: Her Majesty The Queen Insignia Collar Badge: Rose, Thistle and Shamrock Badge of the Yeomen Warders Yeomen Warders of Her Majesty's Royal Palace and Fortress The Tower of London The Yeoman Warders of Her Majesty’s Royal Palace and Fortress the Tower of London, and Members of the Sovereign's Body Guard of the Yeoman Guard Extraordinary, popularly known as the Beefeaters, are ceremonial guardians of the Tower of London. A Beefeater in everyday undress uniform In principle they are responsible for looking after any prisoners at the Tower and safeguarding the British crown jewels, but in practice they act as tour guides and are a tourist attraction in their own right, a point the Yeoman Warders acknowledge. This late 15th-century image is the earliest surviving non-schematic picture of the Tower of London. It shows the White Tower and the water-gate. The name Beefeaters is often thought to come from the French word - 'buffetier'. (Buffetiers were guards in the palace of French kings. They protected the king's food.) However, the name Beefeater is more likely to have originated from the time when the Yeomen Warders at the Tower were paid part of their salary with chunks of beef. This took place right up until the 1800s. Yeoman Warder The Yeomen Warders were formed in 1485 by the new king Henry VII, the first monarch of the Tudor dynasty. Today there are 35 Yeomen Warders and one Chief Warder. Moira Cameron, the first female Yeoman Warder The Yeoman Warder Ravenmaster is one of the Yeomen Warders who has the responsibility to maintain the welfare of the ravens of the Tower of London. Ravens have been living in the Tower of London since at least the time of King Charles II and legend maintains that should these ravens ever leave the tower, the tower and the monarchy will crumble. Ravens of the Tower of London are fed raw meat which is bought at Smithfield Meat Market by the Ravenmaster. Based on the information from: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yeomen_Warders