24 February, 2015
To practise comparing and contrasting photographs
To teach how apply descriptive techniques necessary to compare and contrast
I Warm-up – 5мин
Option 1: I’d like to buy a new book by my favourite author. Which would you rather advise: to buy it in one of the shops in Saint Petersburg or to order it on a website?
If I were you, I’d order the book online. It’ll be cheaper.
I’d rather buy it on a website so as to save time and not travel to Saint Petersburg.
I’d prefer to visit the bookshop and buy it by myself even if the price is a bit more expensive. I don’t trust online shopping.
I’d choose online booking because lots of websites sell books and there is always a chance to look for a good bargain.
Option 2: It was a national holiday yesterday. Boys, you certainly got some presents from your girls, didn’t you? Did you make any thoughts where they got them? Girls, could you reveal your secret? Boys, are you going to follow such an example when it’s about the 8th of March?
Make your suggestions about the topic of today’s lesson.
Are we talking about … today?
Is it going to be …?
Is it ..?I guess, it should be …
Yes, it’s SHOPPING
If shopping is the general topic for conversation today, what might be particular topic if you think about picture comparison? (The ways of shopping)
It’s SHOPPING in general and THE WAYS OF SHOPPING in particular .What associations spring at once to your mind when you hear ‘ways of shopping’?
Online shopping / shopping on a website/ on websites/ shopping via the Internet/ ….
II 10 мин
1 Let’s do some work on topical vocabulary
Ways of doing some shopping
Visiting shops on websites
Buying in shops via the internet
Purchasing in / from shops on the internet
Doing the shopping Shopping for ( food, clothes, etc) (In Task 4 of the speaking part in your Exam you are to look for similarities and differences.) You might find useful a technique of coming up with topical vocabulary.
Think of words for shops
Think of words for people selling and buying
Think of ‘shop’ verbs
Think of nouns, adjectives and other parts of speech
Types of shops People selling and buying ‘Shop’ verbs
Adjectives Nouns others
shopping centreshopping mall
sales assistant trade
ask for ( help)
get rid of (stress)
fierce ( competition)
responsible ( job)
in stock ≠
out of stock
Browse - to look at the goods in a shop without wanting to buy any particular thing
The trip allows you plenty of time for browsing around the shops.
tourists browsing the boutiques and souvenir stalls
Positive things about traditional shopping and shopping online
Traditional shopping Shopping on websites
Social event Broader choice of goods
Friendlier environment Deliveries to the door
Sales assistant’s help Cheaper prices
Traditional shopping Shopping online
Time consuming Difficulties with changing goods
Tiredness No possibility to try things on, touch or smell (eg: perfume)
Risk to spend too much Risk to buy defective or bad quality goods
Taking these things into account which would you rather choose: to order flowers for your granny online or going shopping for them personally? Why?
TYPES OF SHOP
4349115155575Shopping centre00Shopping centre
Shop especially British English a building or part of a building where you can buy things, food, or services [= Store American English]
Corner shop - British English
a small shop near houses, that sells food, cigarettes, and other things needed every day [↪ convenience store]
Department store - a large shop that is divided into separate departments, each selling a different type of goods
Shopping centre / center - a group of shops together in one area, often in one large building
Shopping precinct - British English a group of shops together in one area, often in one large building
Shopping mall also mall [countable] especially American English- a group of shops together in one large covered building
Outlet - formal a shop, company, or organization through which products are sold
People: buyer, shopper, purchaser, customer, consumer, shop assistant, sales assistant, manager, shopkeeper, shop owner,
consumer- someone who buys and uses products and services
buyer - someone who buys something expensive such as a house or car or someone whose job is to choose and buy the goods for a shop or company:
shop assistant= sales assistant - someone whose job is to help customers in a shop
‘Shop’ verbsbuy, purchase, sell ( sell off - распродавать со скидкой, sell out- распродать ), pay ( pay for - оплачивать), touch, feel, shop, try on, spend, waste
trade (торговать), order = book, have/ get sth delivered, browse – просматривать товары
2 Video – 5мин
http://www.esolcourses.com/content/lifeintheuk/shopping/london-shopping-quiz.html1 Watch a small video about the biggest shopping centre in the west of London.
2 Listening comprehension QuizWhere is the Westfield Centre
Kensington b) Marble Arch c) Shepherds Bush d) Regent Street
2 Which of these popular high street stores does NOT feature in the video?
M & S b) Top Shop c) Primark d) Habitat
3 Which of these services is not mentioned in the videoa concierge service b) a hands-free-shopping service c) personal shoppers d) valet parking
Personal shopper – персональный консультант по покупкам a person whose job is to give advice and make suggestions to customers. They are often employed by department stores and boutiques (although some are freelance or work exclusively online)
Valet parking – vehicles are parked for customers by a person called a valet. This service either requires a fee to be paid by the customer or is offered free of charge by the establishment
Concierge services – concierge consultants can fulfill every request and requirement of a shopper in the shopping centre.
4 The shops in Westfield Shopping Centre are …
A mixture of high street stores and top end brands
the video doesn’t say
Exclusive designer stores
High street Stores
5 How many public transport stations are there nearby?
four train stations and three bus stations
two train stations and four bus stations
five train stations and two bus stations
four train stations and two bus stations
6 How many different places to eat are there in the shopping centre?
The video doesn’t say b) over 50 c) 30 d) 20
Let’s summarize all good points of the supermarket.
convenient location (seats in Shepherds Bush)
easiness of getting there by public transport
is really for everyone ( combines high street shops and exclusive brand shops)
a mixture of high street stores and top end ( top end — pricey) - brands
an amazing glass roof giving the feeling of being outside, still under shelter in case of rain
availability of a hands—free shopping service , a valet parking, a concierge service
over 50 places to eat
Read the extract
You don't have to carry your own shopping at Westfield. Your bags are carried for just 10 pounds while you continue to shop, dine or relax. You need a Hands Free Shopping passport. You register for at any of their Concierge Desks when you arrive. Show the passport whenever you make a purchase, and a member of our concierge team will come to collect your bags. At the end of your visit, collect all your purchases from our secure, centralized checkout. It couldn't be easier.3 Test - 2 мин
SHOPS and SHOPPING
Choose the right answer.1. Sales staff are often told that "the ....... is always right".
dealer b) employer c) customer d) stockiest
2. Small shopkeepers are facing ....... competition from supermarkets.
a) angry b) armed c) bloody d) fierce
3. A shop - ....... is someone who steals from shops and stores.
carrier b) lifter c) picker d) thief
4. A modern cash register keeps a record of every ....... .
a) contact b) deal c) purchaser d) transaction
5. If you are rude to customers they are ....... to come back.
impossible b) improbable c) incapable d) unlikely6. Small shops will survive as they provide a personal ....... .
a) contact b) feel c) hold d) touch
7. Sorry to ....... you, but have you got the key to the storeroom?
annoy b) bother c) disrupt d) inconvenience8. Remember the customer is always right. You must always be ....... .
discreet b) harsh c) polite d) rough
9. Mr Clever was ....... the packing department of the shop.
at charge of b) in charge of c) on charge from d) with charge to 10. I'm sorry, but the book is out of ....... .
order b) stock c) store d) supply
11. Mr Trustworthy has a very ....... job as sales manager.
a) careful b) dutiful c) ordered d) responsible 4 However, in this day and age the situation about shopping is changing. More and more people are choosing to order things online and get them delivered to the door.
Does the situation about the way of going shopping remain the same or is it changing currently/ lately?
For what types of shoppers is Internet shopping especially suitable ( mothers on maternity leave/ businesspeople esp businesswomen
III Comparing the pictures – 20 мин
1 Task 4. Study the task
Study the two photographs. In 1.5 minutes be ready to compare and contrast the photographs including the following points:
- give a brief description of the photos (action, location)
- say what the pictures have in common
- say in what way the pictures are different
- say which of the ways of shopping presented in the pictures you’d prefer
- explain why
2 Let’s study the photographs
I’d like to compare and contrast the photos showing the ways of shopping. In the photographs there is buying things online and in a traditional supermarket.
Somebody is ordering things on a website being at home or in the office and the woman is buying vegetables in the supermarket.
In both pictures the action takes place inside. Both by shopping on a website and from a supermarket you have to be in. Looking for differences, the issue of deliveries is important. In a supermarket you fill your trolley with goods and bring them home whereas by online shopping you get them delivered to your door.
Both of them introduce the possibilities of choosing what to buy. The thing which makes the photos different is environment. It is friendlier in a supermarket than on a website. In a real shop you can always ask a shop assistant to help you.
Another similar thing is using a trolley for putting your purchases. You can’t see or touch the goods on a website like you can in a shop.
The thing they have in common is also
the way of payment. It doesn’t matter which shop you use, a real or a virtual one, you can pay with a card. Another difference is what we see in the foreground: it’s a female customer in one picture and a computer monitor in the other one.
Goods have the same guarantees in shops and in websites Group work -
To divide into 2 groups to discuss as following
Group 1 Going shopping in the traditional way has its advantages over Internet shopping
a) It's seen as a social event when you go shopping with family members or friends
b) There are different places to eat in the shopping centrec) You try a thing on before you buy it if it's a real shop
Group 2 Currently online shopping is getting popular, why?
Things bought on the Internet most often a) presents and souvenirs b) books ( cheaper to buy online), c) gadgets of all sorts ( telephones, I-pads, tablet-nets etc)
If I’d to choose what type of shopping to decide on, I’d prefer to …
My shopping preferences would rather depend on the goods I needed. I’d rather buy books, gadgets or accessories via the internet while shopping for foods, clothes and shoes would be better to do by visiting real shops. Firstly, shops have a lot of good bargains and you get a receipt which you need badly in case something is wrong with the product you’ve bought. Things you don’t need to try on or touch is more convenient to buy online. It’s considerably cheaper. What’s more, there’s a broader selection of them.
РЕФЛЕКСИЯ – 3мин
1. Что показалось сложным в данной теме?
2. Что было полезным?
3. Что было ненужным?
4. Что вы узнали нового (если узнали)?
What do you find most difficult in the task of comparison and contrasting?
What did you find useful in this lesson?
What was useless or at least not very helpful?
What new things did you learn in class?
Homework: to compare and contrast the same picturesОбразец сравнения фотографий осуществления покупок
Example of picture comparison
The photographs I’m going to compare relate to the topic of Shopping. There is buying things online and in a traditional supermarket.
The thing they have in common is being inside. Both by shopping on a website and from a supermarket you have to be in. They both introduce the possibilities of choosing what to buy. Another similar thing is using a trolley for putting your purchases into. The way of payment is also what unites them. It doesn’t matter which shop you use, a real or a virtual one, you can pay with a card. Goods have the same guarantees in shops and on websites.
Looking for differences, the issue of deliveries is important. In a supermarket you fill your trolley with goods and bring them home whereas by online shopping you get them delivered to your door. The thing which makes the photos different is environment. It is friendlier in the supermarket than on a website. In a real shop you can always ask a shop assistant to help you. You can’t see and touch the goods on a website like you can in a shop. Another difference is what we see in the foreground: it’s a female customer in one picture and a computer monitor in the other one.
My shopping preferences would rather depend on the goods I needed. I’d rather buy books, gadgets, accessories or bijouterie via the internet while shopping for foods, clothes and shoes would be better to do by visiting real shops. Firstly, shops have a lot of good bargains and you get a receipt which you need badly in case something is wrong with the product you’ve bought. Things you don’t need to try on or touch is more convenient to buy online. It’s considerably cheaper. What’s more, there’s a broader selection of them on websites.