Исследовательская работа «Robin Knox-Johnston Sailing Alone Around the World»

Федеральное государственное казенное общеобразовательное учреждение
«Нахимовское военно-морское училище Министерства обороны Российской Федерации»

«Robin Knox-Johnston
Sailing Alone Around the World»

Исполнитель: Волосатов Даниил 61 класс
Тьютор: Абрамова Вера Сергеевна преподаватель английского языка

The Sunday Times Golden Globe Race….p.5

In 1968, Sir Robin Knox-Johnston skippered his yacht Suhaili to become the first man to sail single-handedly non-stop around the world.
The 30,123 nautical mile voyage would take him through some of the most demanding and inhospitable seas on the planet, and test both him and his small 32' yacht to the extreme.
Over 313 days Suhaili logged an average of 96.2 nautical miles per day. Knox-Johnston and Suhaili did not have an easy time of it.
Robin Knox-Johnston was born in Putney in London and was educated at the Berkhamsted Boys school. From 1957 to 1965 he served in the Merchant Navy and the Royal Naval Reserve. In 1965 he sailed his William Atkins design ketch Suhaili from Bombay to England. Due to a lack of money he had to interrupt his voyage for work in South Africa and was only able to complete it in 1967. In 1968 he was the third of 9 sailors who attempted to achieve a solo non-stop circumnavigation of the world in the Sunday Times Golden Globe race, and the only one to complete the voyage.
In 1962 he married Suzanne (Sue), whom he had known from the age of 8 and they had one daughter, Sara, who was born in Bombay whilst he was at sea. She left him when he proposed taking her and the child back to England in his new boat Suhaili, and they were divorced in 1967. However, in 1972 they remarried and now have five grandchildren. She died in 2003.
In 1970 (with Leslie Williams) and in 1974 (with Gerry Boxall) Robin Knox-Johnston won the two-handed Round Britain Race. Robin Knox-Johnston, Les Williams and their crew, which Peter Blake was also part of, took line honours of the 1971 Cape Town to Rio Race. Les Williams and Robin Knox-Johnston jointly skippered (Peter Blake crewmember again) maxi yacht Heath's Condor in the 1977 Whitbread Round the World Race. They took the line honours in the second and fourth leg, the ones which Robin Knox-Johnston skippered.
Robin Knox-Johnston and Peter Blake (who both acted as co-skippers) won the Jules Verne Trophy for the fastest circumnavigation in 1994. Their time was 74 days 22 hours 18 minutes and 22 seconds. It was their second attempt to win this prize after their first one in 1992 had to be aborted when their catamaran Enza hit an object which tore a hole in the starboard hull.
From 1992 to 2001 he was President of the Sail Training Association. During his tenure the money was collected to replace the STA’s vessels Sir Winston Churchilland Malcolm Miller by the new, larger brigs Prince William and Stavros S. Niarchos. He was trustee of the National Maritime Museum at Greenwich from 1992 to 2002 and still is trustee of the National Maritime Museum – Cornwall at Falmouth, where Suhaili is berthed today. The yacht has been refitted and took part in the Round the Island Race in June 2005.
He was created a knight bachelor in 1995.
In 1996 Robin established the first Clipper Round the World Yacht Race and has since worked with the Clipper Ventures company as Chairman to progress the race to higher levels every year. It is perhaps his greatest achievement to have introduced so many people to competitive sailing via their involvement in Clipper Ventures.
He completed his second solo circumnavigation of the world in the yacht SAGA Insurance on 4 May 2007, finishing in 4th place in the VELUX 5 Oceans Race.  At 68 he was the oldest competitor in the race.
Having served two years as President of The Cruising Association, Sir Robin is now the association's patron. He is also President of The Little Ship Club.
In November 2014 the Clipper Race founder Sir Robin Knox-Johnston, at age 75, finished the solo Transatlantic race the Route du Rhum in third place in the Rhum class. He crossed the finish line on his Open 60 Grey Power at Pointe à Pitre at 16:52 hours local time/20:52 hours GMT after 20 days, 7 hours, 52 minutes and 22 seconds at sea.
The Sunday Times Golden Globe Race
In 1968 the British newspaper The Sunday Times announced the award of a trophy, the Golden Globe and 5000 pounds to the first person to sail single handed and non-stop around the world.
Nine sailors started the race.
Fully loaded Suhaili sailed from Falmouth on 14th June 1968. Progress was slow initially as RKJ was recovering from an attack of jaundice. By the time she passed the Cape of Good Hope had already been knocked down, her coach roof shifted, her water tanks polluted and her radio out of action. For the next 8 ½ months the only contact was when sighted from the shore or by a solitary ship. There was no means of communication and no way to tell anyone if the boat got into trouble. The loss of the radio also gave a navigational problem as it was no longer possible to obtain time checks, and accurate time is essential when using a sextant to calculate position. Weather forecasts too were now unobtainable.
More storms followed as Suhaili made her way through the Southern Ocean, sails were torn, the main gooseneck broke and auto steering became impossible. From then on the boat had to be balanced or hand steered. After 147 days at sea she approached the pilot vessel from Melbourne to announce that she was still racing. Then Johnston was grounding for 5 hours, and then she continued towards Cape Horn.
There he reached force 12 storm with huge waves. The waves in the Southern Ocean are the largest to be found anywhere in the world. The largest waves which Johnston saw were 25 meters high. The Horn was rounded on 17th January 1969.
Suhaili was now on the home straight with just a ¼ of the circumnavigation left to complete, but an attack of appendicitis as she crossed the Equator nearly finished the voyage.
She sailed into Falmouth Harbour on 22nd April 1969 to be greeted by the Customs Officials with the traditional demand of “Where from”. The single word answer was “Falmouth”. She arrived, battered, after 312 days at sea, having become the first boat to ever be sailed non-stop around the world and single handed, and, up to then, the lengthiest voyage ever made.
To sail round the world in the 60s was to embark on a voyage of the ages. There was no GPS, satellite communication, or internet: just a fuzzy radio link. The lone sailor was a speck on the ocean, relying on sextant calculations. One man against the elements, a man risking all. It's a story that tells you something about what it means to be human.
Robin Knox-Johnston Force of Nature, 2007
Робин Нокс-Джонстон Под парусом в одиночку вокруг света, 2011г.

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