Исследовательская работа «Sail Training Tall ships»

Федеральное государственное казенное общеобразовательное учреждение
«Нахимовское военно-морское училище Министерства обороны Российской Федерации»
«Sail Training Tall ships»

Исполнитель: Алтухов Иван
61 класс
Тьютор: Абрамова Вера Сергеевна преподаватель английского языка
Introduction p.3
European training tall ships p.3
American training tall ships p.4
Conclusion p.5
Bibliography p.6
Philosopher Confucius said: “Tell me and I will forget. Show me and I will remember. Involve me and I will understand.”
 Have you ever dreamed of learning to sail the seven seas aboard a tall ship?
The remarkable story of tall ships today is also remarkable story of sail training and its uniquely valuable contribution to the lives of hundreds of thousands of young people around the world. In the middle of the last century most people believed that the age of sail had come to an end. But still there is a huge international fleet of tall ships still sailing today. Nowadays tall ships provide a unique opportunity for adventure at sea for people of all ages, backgrounds and abilities. They are also used by maritime academies to help train young people for a career at sea.
European training tall ships
Among 170 seafaring countries only 39 have training tall ships today. Most of the countries have only one ship and just a few have several.
Among European countries you can find training tall ships in Belgium, Bulgaria, Great Britain, Denmark, Germany, Ireland, Spain, Italy, Poland, Russia, France and Netherlands.
Dar Młodzieży ("The Gift of Youth") is a Polish sail training ship designed by Zygmunt Choreń. Her sister ships are Mir, Druzhba, Pallada, Khersones and Nadezhda. The ship was launched in November in 1981 at the Gdańsk shipyard, Poland, and commissioned for service in July 1982 at Gdynia. The Dar Młodzieży is the first Polish-built, ocean-going sailing vessel to circumnavigate the globe (1987–88).
Mir (meaning Peace) is a three-masted, full rigged training ship, based in St. Petersburg, Russia. She was built in 1987 at the Lenin Shipyard in Gdańsk, Poland. She is one of the fastest modern sailing ships. Mir is the second largest of six sister ships designed by Zygmunt Choreń. Mir is 8 m shorter than the longest current sailing ship, the Sedov (117.5 m). Her shipowner is the Admiral Makarov State Maritime Academy (AMSMA) in Saint Petersburg who operates her as its main training vessel.
Juan Sebastián de Elcano is a training ship for the Royal Spanish Navy. She was built in 1927 in Cadiz, Spain. She is a four-masted topsail, steel-hulled. At 113 metres long, she is the third-largest tall ship in the world, and is the sailboat that has sailed the furthest, covering more than 2,000,000 nautical miles in her history.
The Gorch Fock is a tall ship of the German Navy. She is the second ship of that name and a sister ship of the  HYPERLINK "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gorch_Fock_(1933)" \o "Gorch Fock (1933)" Gorch Fock built in 1933. Both ships are named in honour of the German writer Johann Kinau. The modern-day Gorch Fock was built in 1958 and has since then undertaken 146 cruises, including one tour around the world in 1988.
STS Amerigo Vespucci belongs to the Italian Navy. She was launched on 22nd February 1931 and commissioned in June, same year. The permanent crew is 270, plus up to 150 cadets. Amerigo Vespucci carries out mainly two kinds of activity: training campaigns for Naval Academy cadets and showing-the-flag in support of national diplomacy. She began her career as Training Ship for the Naval Academy cadets soon after the launch. From 1931 till 2005, in addition to many short cruises around Italy, she has carried out 71 training campaigns in the Mediterranean Sea, Northern Europe and Atlantic Ocean; in 2002/2003 she sailed around the world, spending several months in New Zealand on the occasion of America's Cup. On board, the cadets learn the basic rules "to live at sea", as well as all the specific teachings in seamanship, navigation, operation of drive systems and auxiliaries, management of logistics, administrative and medical issues. 
American training tall ships
North America as well as South America has training ships in such countries as the USA, Canada, Mexico, Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Venezuela, Ecuador, and Uruguay.
The American Eagle is a 90 m  HYPERLINK "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Barque" \o "Barque" barque used as a training ship for future officers of the United States Coast Guard. She is the only active commissioned sailing vessel in American military service. Built as the German training vessel Horst Wessel in 1936, it served to train German sailors in sail techniques. At the end of the war, Horst Wessel was taken by the U.S. as war reparations.
 Libertad  is a steel hulled, full rigged sailing ship that serves as a school vessel in the Argentine Navy. One of the largest and fastest tall ships in the world, holder of several speed records she was designed and built in the 1950s in Argentina. Her maiden voyage was in 1961, and she continues to be a training ship with yearly instruction trips for the graduating naval cadets having covered more than 800,000 nautical miles across all seas, visited about 500 ports in more than 60 countries, and trained more than 11,000 navy graduates.
Cuauhtémoc was built in Bilbao, Spain in 1981 and originally called Celaya. She was later acquired by the Mexican Navy as a training vessel for officers, cadets, petty officers and sailors. Cuauhtemoc sailed the world for thirteen years and in 1995 underwent a major refit of the ship and rigging. Cuauhtémoc has been the proud winner of the Tall Ships’ Races on two occasions.
 So, if you want to become a real sailor, sailing on a training tall ship is an intensive life experience in order to advance leadership development, an utter reverence for nature, a sense of time and place, an appreciation for history, and teamwork ability. Sail training really teaches the qualities of stewardship, resourcefulness, pride, humility, bravery, strength and grace.
Гловацкий В. Увлекательный мир парусов, 1981

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